V: Calculation of Stocking Density

APPENDIX V

CALCULATION OF STOCKING DENSITY

Some management options require grazing at or below a specified stocking density. The number of livestock units should be calculated using the following table:

Class of StockLivestock Units (per head)
Ewes*(including suckling lambs)

0.15

Other sheep0.15
Goats

0.15

Cows (including suckling calves)1.0
Other cattle (6 - 24 months)

0.6

Other cattle (24 months and over)

1.0

Horses or ponies (6 months and over)

1.0

Farmed Deer:

Class of StockLivestock Units (per head)
Adult stags (27 months and over)

0.4

Hinds, including suckling calves (27 months and over)0.3
Juveniles (6 to 27 months) 0.2
Alpacas0.3


*female sheep at least one year old

All livestock in the above categories and maintained on the area in question, including heifers and other stock regardless of whether or not they receive subsidy, should be included in the calculation. The stocking density is arrived at by dividing the total number of livestock units by the area (in hectares). Where the prescription involves a stocking density expressed as an annual equivalent the livestock units should be adjusted to take account of the length of time the stock are kept on the area (eg 10 cows maintained on 5ha for 3 months equate to an annual stocking density of 10/5 x 3/12 = 0.5LU/ha).