Latest Information

19 December 2014

Short summaries of the evidence around poverty and income inequality in Scotland were published to provide an overview of the trends and analysis available:

Poverty Analysis

Income Inequality Analysis

1 July 2014

National Statistics on Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland in 2012/13 were published by the Scottish Government on Tuesday 1st July 2014.

Poverty in Scotland has increased in 2012/13. While the rate of poverty increased for all groups, the largest increase was in the rate of child poverty.

The latest publication can be found here: Poverty and Income Inequality Scotland: 2012/13

7 May 2014

Analysis highlights wealth inequality across Scotland. 

Analysis of the Wealth and Assets Survey shows Scotland, like Great Britain as a whole, is a deeply unequal society with the wealthiest 10 per cent of households owning 900 times the wealth of the least wealthy 10 per cent.

Wealth and Assets in Scotland 2006-10

13 June 2013

National Statistics on Poverty and Income Inequality in Scotland in 2011-12 were published by the Scottish Government on Thursday 13 June 2013.

The latest publication can be found here: Poverty and Income Inequality Scotland: 2011-12

March 2013

Local Incomes and Poverty in Scotland published by the Improvement Service. Developing local and small area estimates and exploring patterns of income distribution, poverty and deprivation.

September 2012

Local Child Poverty figures for 2010 published by HMRC.

June 2012

New poverty figures show that there was a drop in overall relative poverty levels between 2009-10 and 2010-11.  This has been mainly driven by a fall in median household incomes over this time period.

September 2011

Local Child Poverty figures for 2009 published by HMRC.

May 2011

New poverty figures show that there was little change in relative poverty levels between 2008-09 and 2009-10.

March 2011

The Scottish Government published its Child Poverty strategy which describes what we will do to reduce levels of child poverty in Scotland.

November 2010

Child poverty strategy consultation published along with brief overview of child poverty evidence. Consultation closes on 7th Jan 2011.

October 2010

New figures showing poverty levels in urban, rural and deprived areas.

August 2010

Relative poverty across Scottish local authorities contains the first official estimates of relative poverty at local authority level across Scotland. Note that these are currently classed as Data being developed and are undergoing further quality assurance work.

November 2009

Local authority indicators which are used as proxies for poverty just added for period 2007-2008.

July 2009

  • New poverty figures including urban and rural areas / deprived areas and poverty among families containing disabled people just released in the Main Analyses section.
  • A new report discusses the data sources which can be used to examine the cost of living in urban and rural areas. This follows on from the income and poverty statistics users day which was held in summer 2008.

April 2009

Recently released:

  • Research into the experience of poverty in rural Scotland
  • Report into feasibility of improving Scottish Household Survey income estimates by using data from the Family Resources Survey. Full report and summary available here.
  • Equivalence scales: rationales, uses and assumptions. Equivalence scales are used to adjust household income figures for the relative cost of living, or assumed standard of living of different sized households. This paper discusses some equivalence scales and the underlying assumptions of equivalisation.

Social and Welfare - Income and Poverty Statistics

 

Income and poverty statistics web area Money

 

This web area provides information about income and poverty statistics for Scotland. It includes the latest publications, a broad range of Family Resources Survey based analyses relating to income and low income in Scotland as well as performance against UK child poverty targets.

 

Short summaries explaining trends in poverty and income inequality in Scotland are avilable at the following links:

 

Poverty in Scotland

 

Income Inequality in Scotland

 

The methodology page aims to explain the terminology, definitions and methodology used and finally there are useful links for further reading such as to the Department for Work and Pensions' website for GB/UK income estimates.

 

Please browse through all of our pages:

 

Publications | Main Analyses | Methodology | Related Areas and Links | Data sources and suitability | Contacts

Front page

 

Publications

This section provides summaries of the most recent analysis on income, poverty, wealth and inequality.  Links to the full reports have been provided along with key results.

 

The latest publication containing statistics on poverty and income inequality in Scotland can be found here:

Poverty and Income Inequality Scotland: 2012/13

Poverty in Scotland has increased in 2012/13. While the rate of poverty increased for all groups, the largest increase was in the rate of child poverty.

Poverty 2012/13

The figures show relative poverty, before housing costs (BHC) in Scotland has increased to 16 per cent for the whole population, a 2 percentage point increase on the previous year. In 2012/13 there were 820,000 people living in poverty, 110,000 more than the previous year.

Relative child poverty (BHC), increased to 19 per cent in 2012/13, up from 15 per cent the previous year. In 2012/13, there were 180,000 children living in relative poverty in Scotland, 30,000 more than in 2011/12. This reverses the trend of declining child poverty over recent years.

Relative poverty (BHC) among working age adults in 2012/13 was 15 per cent, an increase from 13 per cent the previous year. This brings the number of working age adults in relative poverty to 480,000, an increase of 70,000 compared with 2011/12.

Relative poverty (BHC) among pensioners in 2012/13 was 15 per cent, an increase from 14 per cent the previous year. There were 150,000 pensioners in relative poverty in 2012/13, 10,000 more than the previous year.

Poverty and Income Inequality Scotland: 2012/13

 

Wealth and Assets in Scotland

Wealth and Assets in Scotland 2006-10

The total wealth of private households in Scotland in 2008/10 was £811 billion, made up of:

Wealth and Assets key facts

This report provides, for the first time, detailed analysis of Scottish data from the Wealth and Assets Survey (WAS). Much of the focus of poverty analysis in and outside government tends to be on income. WAS, in contrast, collates information on four types of wealth held by households: property wealth, physical wealth, financial wealth, and private pension wealth. Because of the information on different types of wealth held by households, WAS enables a more rounded analysis of the wellbeing of differently-placed households, as it makes it possible to move beyond income analysis.

The full report can be found here:

Wealth and Assets in Scotland 2006-10

Wealth and Assets in Scotland

Property Wealth

Financial Wealth

Physical Wealth

Private Pension Wealth

 

Main Analyses

The 'main analyses' section aims to provide a summary of key income analysis and trends. It provides charts and explanations on the following:

  • Income Distribution Charts
  • Median Trends
  • Savings and Assets
  • Income Distribution by Source
  • All Individuals in Low Income Households
  • Income Inequality (Gini Coefficient)
  • Poverty estimates for subsections of the Scottish population

View the Main Analyses

Methodology

This section aims to explain the terminology, definitions and methodology used to calculate the official income measures. Topics covered include:

  • Sources
  • Which income is included, including before and after housing costs
  • Equivalisation
  • Measuring low income, including absolute and relative measure
  • Child poverty targets
  • Confidence Intervals surrounding key poverty estimates
  • References and further reading

View the Methodology section

SHS income information

Relative poverty across Scottish local authorities

The Scottish Government income and poverty statistics team have recently published new figures which estimate the proportion of households in relative poverty at local authority level across Scotland. These are available at the following link:

Relative poverty across Scottish local authorities

Note that these figures are currently published as "Data being developed" and are undergoing further quality assurance work. These data are published simply to allow the methodology to be developed and the statistics in the publication should not be treated as official statistics.

To find out more about the project carried out to develop these figures, and the sources used, see the following links:

Measuring Poverty in Scotland: A Seminar for Users of Income and Poverty Statistics