High Level Summary of Statistics Trend Last update: 25th February 2014
Employment Rate (Based on population aged 16-64)
Scotland currently has the highest employment rate of the four countries in the United Kingdom and over the past year the employment rate has increased by 2.0 percentage points. From the mid 1990s, Scotland’s employment rate was steadily increasing, reaching a peak of 74.9 per cent during the second calendar quarter of 2007 (Apr-Jun), although over the past three years, Scotland’s employment rate, along with the other countries of the UK, has been at a lower level as a result of the economic conditions.
In the latest calendar quarter (Oct-Dec 2013), Scotland had an employment rate of 72.8 per cent, making it the highest of all UK countries. This compares to an employment rate of 72.3 per cent in England for the same quarter.
Last year in Q4 2012 Scotland had an employment rate of 70.8 per cent (second highest) and England had an employment rate of 72.0 per cent (highest), giving a gap of 1.2 percentage points against Scotland.
So over the year the gap has shifted by 1.7 percentage points to Scotland’s benefit. The employment rate has increased in Scotland over the year by 2.0 percentage points, larger than the 0.3 percentage point increase in employment rate seen in England.
Please note that the 1.7 percentage point shift is based on unrounded figures.
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Source: Labour Force Survey, Seasonally Adjusted data, Office for National Statistics
The employment rate in Scotland, using the European age definition (15-64), in 2012 was 69.4% which is 0.1 percentage points lower than the previous year. When compared against the 34 members of the OECD, Scotland was ranked 14th highest in terms of employment rates. Between 2011 and 2012 the gap in employment rates between Scotland and the country with the 5th highest rate (Sweden in 2011 and 2012) increased from 4.1 percentage points in 2011 to 4.4 percentage points in 2012.
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Source: OECD, Annual Population Survey