Menu

Feedback

Please send us your feedback

We aim to continually improve this site to make it as useful to you as possible. We would appreciate if you could take a few moments to answer these questions about our site by clicking on the link below:

Equality Evidence Website - Feedback Survey

Contacts

Email

equality-and-poverty-analysis@scotland.gsi.gov.uk

Post

Equality, Poverty & Welfare Analysis Team

Communities Analytical Services

Scottish Government

1F North

Victoria Quay

Edinburgh EH6 6QQ

Summary: Business, Enterprise and Tourism

Summary: Business, Enterprise and Tourism

Age
  • In 2012, the majority of small to medium-sized enterprise (SME) owners and co-owners in Scotland fell in the 45 to 54 (29%) and 55 to 64 (32%) age categories.  The proportion in the 35 to 44 and 65 and over age groups were smaller at 15% and 16% respectively.  The proportion in the younger cohort was much smaller – just 8% of SME owners and co-owners were under 35.
  • In 2007/08, the majority of small to medium-sized enterprise owners and co-owners in Scotland fell in the 35 to 44 (18%), 45 to 54 (35%) and 55 to 64 (28%) age categories. The proportions in younger and older cohorts were much smaller - just 7% were aged under 35 and 12% were aged 65 and over.
  • The proportion of small to medium-sized enterprise owners and co-owners decreased in the 35 to 44 and 45 to 54 age groups between 2007/08 and 2012.  The proportion increased between these years in the under 35, between 55 and 64 and 65 and over cohorts.

                     Age

 Sources: Small Business Survey 2007/08  and  Small Business Survey 2012

 

  • In 2013, although those aged 65 and over made up a small share of all those self-employed (10%), those aged 65 and over had the highest self-employment rate. In 2013, 37% of those aged 65 and over in employment were self-employed compared to an overall self-employment rate of 12% for Scotland as a whole.

Source: Annual Population Survey (January to December)

 

Useful Links

Age and Business and Enterprise Page

Age Page

Disability
  • In 2012, 16% of small to medium-sized enterprises in Scotland included at least one owner or director with a disability.  This figure has remained unchanged from 2007/08.

Sources: Small Business Survey 2007/08  and  Small Business Survey 2012

 

  • Self-employment rates tend to be higher for disabled people. Between October 2012 and September 2013, the self-employment rate for disabled people was 15% compared to 11% for non-disabled people.

Please note that the disability question in the Annual Population Survey changed in the final quarter of 2013, which resulted in a break in the series. For this reason we have used October 2012 to September 2013 in this case. Please see the Labour Force Survey User Guide for more information.

Source: Annual Population Survey (January to December)

 

Useful Links

Disability and Business and Enterprise Page

Disability Page

Ethnicity
  • In 2012, 3% of small to medium-sized enterprises in Scotland were run by a member or mostly by members of a minority ethnic group.  This figure has remained unchanged from 2007/08.

Sources: Small Business Survey 2007/08  and  Small Business Survey 2012

 

  • Self-employment rates tend to be higher for minority ethnic groups. In 2012, the self-employment rate for ethnic minorities was 15% compared to 12% for those of white ethnic origin.

Robust estimates for 2013 are not currently available.

Source: Annual Population Survey (January to December)

 

  • In 2011, the proportion of all people in employment who were self-employed was highest for the following ethnic groups: Asian, Asian Scottish or Asian British (18%), followed by Other Ethnic Groups (17%). By comparison, self-employment rates among for those of White ethnicity stood at 12%, and self-employment rates were lowest in the African ethnic group at 7%.

Source: 2011 Census, National Records of Scotland (NRS)

 

Useful Links

Ethnicity and Business and Enterprise Page

Ethnicity Page

Gender
  • In 2007/08 and 2012, the majority of small to medium-sized enterprises were owned by men, or led by a management team with a majority of men.  22% and 21% of Scottish small to medium-sized enterprises were women-led (defined as run by a woman or having a management team made up mostly of women) in 2007/08 and 2012 respectively.  In 2012, 43% of small to medium-sized enterprises had at least 50% female leadership.  This figure remains unchanged from 2007/08.

 

SME leadership in Scotland by gender, 2012 and 2007/08

 

SBS 2007/08

SBS 2012

Majority-led by women

22%

21%

Equally-led

21%

22%

At least 50 per cent female leadership (majority-led by women & equally led)

43%

43%

 Base (unweighted): 2012 n= 988, 2007/08 n=1,027

Sources: Small Business Survey 2007/08  and  Small Business Survey 2012

 

  • Out of the 285,900 self-employed people in Scotland in 2013, 93,900 were women (33%) while 192,000 were men (67%).  Female self-employment has increased over recent years, from 75,900 in 2007 to 94,400 in 2013, representing a rise of 24%. Although male self-employment also experienced a rise over the same time period, it was significantly smaller at 2%.

Gender

  • In Scotland, the female self-employment rate (self-employed as a proportion of those in employment) was 8% in 2012 – lower than the male self-employment rate at 16%, but an increase of 2 percentage points since 2007. Between 2012 and 2013, self-employment rates for both men and women decreased, by 1.1 and 0.2 percentage points respectively.
  • There are more self-employed men than self-employed women in all broad industrial sectors, with the exception of ‘Public Administration, Education and Health’ (in 2013, women made up 63% of the self-employed workforce in the sector) and ‘Other services[1]’ (in 2013, women made up 59% of the self-employed workforce in the sector).  43% all self-employed women work in these two sectors alone – compared to 13% of self-employed men.
  • In 2013, the female self-employment rate was lower in Scotland (at 8%), than in the UK as a whole (at 10%).  The UK figure is particularly influenced by comparatively high rates in London and the south of England.  The gap between female and male self-employment rates is narrower in Scotland (15% v 8% - gap of 7%) compared to that for the UK as a whole (19% v 10% - gap of 9%).

 

Source: Annual Population Survey (January to December)

 

Useful Links 

Gender and Business and Enterprise Page

Gender Page

[1] Industry sectors are defined using Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) 2007 codes. ‘Other services’ includes the following SIC 2007 sections: ‘R - Arts, entertainment & recreation’ and ‘S - Other service activities’ which includes, for example, activities of religious organisations, repair of computers and hairdressing and other beauty treatment. More information on SIC 2007 codes is available at: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/guide-method/classifications/current-standard-classifications/standard-industrial-classification/index.html

Religion
  • In 2001, the proportion of all people in employment who were self-employed was highest for the following religious groups: Sikh (33%), Muslim (29%) and Jewish (27%). By comparison, self-employment rates were substantially lower for the following religious groups: Other Christian (13%), Another Religion (12%) and Roman Catholic which had the lowest self-employment rate at 8%.

      Data from the 2011 Census will be added when it becomes available.

Source: 2001 Census, National Records of Scotland (NRS)

 

Useful Links

Religion and Business and Enterprise Page

Religion Page

Sexual Orientation

The Scottish Government does not currently have information on the position of gay, lesbian and bisexual people in relation to business, enterprise and tourism.

Transgender

The Scottish Government does not currently have information on the position of transgender people in relation to business, enterprise and tourism.

Publications and Outputs

Publications and Outputs

Information in this section will be updated with relevant publications and outputs into the needs and experiences of people with characteristics protected by equality legislation for the policy area Business and Enterprise.

Small Business Survey 2012 Report

Small Business Survey 2007/08 Report

Statistics from the Annual Population Survey for year to December 2013

Businesses in Scotland 2014

Data

Data

Annual Population Survey microdata is available (through a ‘special licence’ scheme) from the UK Data Archive.

External Links

External Links

Please note that you will leave the Scottish Government web site by clicking on any of the following links, and that the Scottish Government and its staff are not responsible for content external to this web site.

Department for Business Innovation and Skills (BIS)

BIS Small Business Survey Reports

Global Entrepreneurship Monitor, Hunter Centre for Entrepreneurship, University of Strathclyde

The FTSE female index, Cranfield University

Stonewall Scotland's Top 100 Employers 2013 Workplace Equality Index - an audit of workplace culture for gay, lesbian and bisexual staff in Scottish public and private sector organisations.

Statistics in more details

Contacts

Business, Enterprise and Tourism

industrystatistics@scotland.gsi.gov.uk