Economic Report on Scottish Agriculture 2013

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Tables

Table A1 Output, input and income, 2008 to 2012

£ million

OUTPUT 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Cereals:
Wheat 136.3 85.6 120.6 145.9 122.8
Barley 252.6 163.3 213.2 292.9 315.2
Oats 12.3 11.3 16.0 19.7 22.8
Triticale 0.8 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.4
1. Total cereals 402.1 260.6 350.3 459.1 461.3
Cereals net of subsidies 402.1 260.6 350.3 459.1 461.3
Other crops:
Potatoes 193.7 168.9 184.7 199.9 159.6
Oilseed rape 29.7 24.1 39.5 53.0 39.4
Other farm crops 9.1 9.8 10.8 12.0 10.8
2. Total other crops 232.5 202.9 235.1 264.9 209.7
Other crops net of subsidies 232.3 202.4 235.1 264.9 209.7
Horticulture:
Vegetables 85.4 109.4 111.4 109.4 102.4
Fruit 78.1 79.9 84.2 81.4 62.1
Flowers and nursery stock 34.1 34.4 33.3 32.7 40.6
3. Total horticulture 197.5 223.8 228.9 223.6 205.1
Finished livestock:
Finished cattle and calves 457.4 485.2 514.8 571.9 583.7
Finished sheep and lambs 138.2 181.6 187.8 210.8 202.3
Finished pigs 72.3 70.7 70.7 84.5 76.1
Poultry 81.9 92.0 92.2 110.7 103.4
Other livestock 12.9 12.6 13.0 13.3 13.3
4. Total finished livestock 762.7 842.0 878.5 991.1 978.8
Finished livestock net of subsidies(7) 736.2 818.6 856.5 968.9 955.0
Store livestock:
Store cattle 37.8 41.7 32.1 37.9 44.4
Store calves 14.6 17.7 14.0 17.9 21.1
Store sheep 12.6 18.1 22.1 23.4 21.4
5. Total store livestock 65.0 77.4 68.2 79.2 86.9
Livestock products:
Milk and milk products 341.9 314.5 317.0 344.8 364.8
Eggs for food 55.5 57.1 68.9 73.1 75.0
Clipwool 2.4 3.3 6.5 8.2 8.3
Other livestock products 4.3 4.5 5.1 4.9 3.9
6. Total livestock products 404.1 379.3 397.4 431.0 452.0
Livestock products net of subsidies 404.1 379.3 397.4 431.0 452.0
Capital formation:
Cattle 30.7 52.6 51.9 34.7 68.2
Sheep 11.9 18.4 29.1 24.1 29.4
Pigs 1.2 1.9 2.0 1.6 1.7
Poultry 15.0 14.6 15.8 17.0 14.6
7. Total capital formation 58.9 87.5 98.7 77.3 113.9
Other agricultural activities:
Contract work 85.9 84.6 90.2 97.9 98.9
Leasing of quotas 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
8. Total other agricultural activities 85.9 84.6 90.2 97.9 98.9
9. Total non-agricultural activities 157.1 175.1 147.4 180.9 178.4
10. GROSS OUTPUT AT BASIC PRICES
(1+2+3+4+5+6+7+8+9)
2,365.8 2,333.3 2,494.7 2,804.9 2,784.9
Gross output at basic prices net of subsidies(7) 2,339.0 2,309.4 2,472.7 2,782.7 2,761.2
INPUT (1) 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
11. Total feedstuffs 458.5 441.0 493.2 559.3 549.2
12. Total seeds 64.5 67.2 72.5 78.4 85.9
13. Total fertilisers and lime 214.8 289.8 172.3 214.1 233.0
Farm maintenance:
Occupier 50.1 60.7 65.1 75.6 78.7
Landlord 6.9 6.6 6.2 6.3 6.0
14. Total farm maintenance 57.0 67.4 71.3 81.9 84.7
Miscellaneous expenditure:
Machinery repairs 94.7 103.2 105.9 117.2 119.0
Fuel and oil 100.8 94.9 115.0 142.0 152.8
Other machinery expenses 22.9 22.6 25.3 23.7 24.0
Veterinary expenses and medicines 48.6 51.1 53.3 56.5 56.3
Crop protection 65.9 65.1 66.9 69.8 71.1
Contract work 85.9 84.6 90.2 97.9 98.9
Leasing of quotas 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Other farm costs 300.0 311.6 324.5 351.0 356.3
15. Total miscellaneous expenses 718.8 733.2 781.1 858.0 878.4
16. FISIM (Financial Intermediation Services Indirectly Measured) 25.9 26.8 28.0 28.9 30.5
17. Total Non-Agricultural Activities 57.9 78.7 59.1 76.2 79.3
18. GROSS INPUT(2)
(11+12+13+14+15+16+17)
1,597.4 1,704.1 1,677.5 1,896.9 1,941.0
19. GROSS VALUE ADDED(3) (10-18) 768.4 629.2 817.1 908.0 844.0
Gross value added net of subsidies(7) 741.6 605.3 795.1 885.8 820.2
Consumption of fixed capital:
Plant machinery and vehicles 133.3 144.1 151.8 158.6 158.2
Building and works 129.4 122.7 104.3 103.3 106.8
Cattle 46.9 49.1 41.0 54.6 72.1
Sheep 21.0 19.3 27.6 28.5 31.1
Pigs 1.9 2.0 1.6 2.1 1.9
Poultry 9.9 15.4 14.2 15.1 14.8
20. Total consumption of fixed capital 342.3 352.6 340.5 362.2 384.9
21. NET VALUE ADDED (at basic price)(19-20) 426.0 276.6 476.6 545.9 459.1
Net value added (at basic price) net of subsidies(7) 399.3 252.7 454.6 523.7 435.3
Other subsidies:
Single Farm Payment 443.4 509.9 479.5 483.0 443.3
Less-Favoured Areas Support Scheme 58.9 63.0 63.7 66.4 66.9
Land Management Contract Menu Scheme 20.0 17.8 17.1 6.6 0.3
Land Managers Options 0.0 0.4 0.9 3.5 6.9
Rural Stewardship Scheme 17.3 13.0 7.8 4.0 0.8
Rural Priorities 0.0 4.4 22.2 31.8 34.0
Environmentally Sensitive Areas 3.6 2.7 1.5 0.6 0.2
Other Agri Environmental Schemes(4) 13.6 9.3 6.9 6.0 4.2
Other 0.0 0.0 2.8 0.0 0.0
22. Total other subsidies 556.8 620.6 602.5 601.8 556.6
Total payments and subsidies(7) 583.6 644.4 624.5 624.0 580.4
23. NET VALUE ADDED AT FACTOR COST(5)
(21+22)
982.8 897.2 1,079.1 1,147.7 1,015.7
24. Hired labour(6) 303.1 351.3 336.0 347.6 324.9
25. Interest 75.2 41.3 38.5 39.4 41.8
26. Net rent 15.4 16.3 16.7 15.1 14.2
27. TOTAL INCOME FROM FARMING
(23-(24+25+26))
589.1 488.4 687.9 745.6 634.7

(1) Also known as Intermediate Consumption.
(2) Also known as Total Intermediate Consumption.
(3) Formerly known as Gross Product.
(4) Includes Countryside Premium Scheme, Farm Woodland Scheme, Farm Woodland Premium Scheme, Organic Aid Scheme and elements of Habitats and Heather Moorland Schemes.
(5) Formerly known as Net Product.
(6) Also known as Compensation of Employees.
(7) Revised due to error in "livestock net of subsidies" line in January publication. See Livestock commentary for details.

Table A2 (i) Area of cereals(1), root crops and horticultural crops, 2008 to 2012

'000 ha

  Average
2008-12
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Wheat 106.7 113.8 92.5 111.4 115.4 100.6
Winter barley 47.8 57.6 45.1 47.9 45.5 42.8
Spring barley 268.8 262.3 287.0 242.4 262.9 289.2
Total barley 316.6 319.9 332.2 290.3 308.4 332.0
Oats 22.5 21.7 22.3 23.0 21.7 23.7
Triticale 0.7 1.1 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.6
Oilseed rape 34.7 33.6 29.0 36.0 38.4 36.6
Potato - early ware(2) 0.2 0.4 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
Potato - maincrop ware(2) 19.1 18.3 19.8 19.6 19.5 18.5
Potato - seed(2) 11.3 11.2 11.6 11.6 11.5 10.8
Vining peas 6.0 4.5 6.3 6.5 6.3 6.6
Tomatoes (ha) 3.5 4.3 2.9 3.1 3.9 3.3
Raspberries 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.4
Strawberries 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9

Table A2 (ii) Estimated yield of cereals(1), root crops and horticultural crops, 2008 to 2012

  Average
2008-12
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Wheat 8.1 8.7 8.3 8.6 8.3 6.7
Winter barley 7.1 7.6 7.0 7.2 7.3 6.5
Spring barley 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.8 5.8 5.0
Total barley 5.9 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.1 5.2
Oats 5.5 5.3 5.9 6.3 5.6 4.6
Triticale 5.4 5.8 6.8 5.2 5.5 3.6
Oilseed rape 3.5 3.4 3.7 3.4 3.9 2.9
Potato - early ware(2) 23.5 19.2 21.0 25.6 28.5 23.1
Potato - maincrop ware(2) 44.9 47.7 49.9 47.6 44.2 35.3
Potato - seed(2) 26.9 27.1 29.2 27.7 28.1 22.5
Vining peas 4.1 3.8 4.3 4.6 4.2 3.5
Tomatoes 181.5 180.7 179.7 181.9 183.3 181.7
Raspberries 6.6 8.6 7.3 5.6 6.1 5.1
Strawberries 20.9 19.5 19.8 23.2 23.0 19.1

Table A2 (iii) Estimated production(3) of cereals(1), root crops and horticultural crops, 2008 to 2012

'000 tonnes

  Average
2008-12
2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 (prov)
Wheat 867.7 987.3 767.7 953.2 957.0 673.3
Winter barley 341.1 435.1 314.5 345.6 333.6 276.5
Spring barley 1,511.7 1,500.1 1,668.2 1,410.3 1,533.0 1,446.9
Total barley 1,852.8 1,935.2 1,982.8 1,755.9 1,866.6 1,723.5
Oats 124.5 114.5 132.6 145.1 121.8 108.2
Triticale 3.9 6.4 4.1 3.6 3.5 2.0
Oilseed rape 120.6 114.9 108.6 123.3 149.6 106.4
Potato - early ware(2) 5.0 7.8 5.2 3.4 4.4 4.2
Potato - maincrop ware(2) 861.5 872.1 989.2 932.5 860.4 653.2
Potato - seed(2) 305.6 301.9 339.1 322.1 321.9 243.2
Vining peas 24.8 16.9 27.1 30.3 26.6 23.0
Tomatoes 0.6 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6
Raspberries 3.4 4.7 4.2 3.0 3.2 2.1
Strawberries 19.5 17.9 18.7 21.6 21.4 17.8

(1) Crop yield estimates are taken mainly from the Cereal Production Survey. Some estimation from industry experts has been included in the yield and production estimates for Winter Barley, Oats, Triticale and Oilseed Rape.
(2) The yield and production figures are partly based on Scottish Agricultural College and the British Potato Council estimates.
(3) Production is valued at the point it is used or sold off the farm, so there can be differences between production volumes presented here and output volumes presented in subsequent tables.

Table A3 Output and utilisation of cereals and oilseed rape, 2008 to 2012(1)

tonnes per ha

Wheat(2) Unit 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Human and industrial '000 tonnes 666.6 595.0 703.4 626.6 680.9
Seed(3) " 11.7 12.0 15.7 13.5 13.5
Feed and other(4) " 243.7 211.0 295.2 248.9 124.2
Total marketings " 922.0 818.0 1,014.3 889.0 818.6
Stock change " 65.3 -50.4 -61.0 68.0 -145.3
Total quantity of output " 987.3 767.7 953.2 957.0 673.3
Market price(5) £ per tonne 139.78 111.21 128.27 151.81 178.58
Market value £ millions 128.88 90.97 130.10 134.96 146.18
Stock change(6) " 7.42 -5.42 -9.49 10.91 -23.36
Total value of output " 136.30 85.55 120.61 145.87 122.82
Barley(2)
Human and industrial '000 tonnes 603.2 556.0 652.6 686.5 694.7
Seed(3) " 46.7 46.9 44.1 41.4 38.5
Feed and other(4) " 1,150.3 1,368.8 1,262.3 1,153.0 965.4
Total marketings " 1,800.2 1,971.6 1,959.0 1,880.9 1,698.6
Stock change " 135.0 11.2 -203.1 -14.3 24.8
Total quantity of output " 1,935.2 1,982.8 1,755.9 1,866.6 1,723.5
Market price £ per tonne 131.07 82.37 123.00 156.92 182.84
Market value £ millions 235.96 162.40 240.95 295.14 310.57
Stock change(6) " 16.67 0.87 -27.78 -2.28 4.67
Total value of output " 252.62 163.27 213.17 292.86 315.24
Oats(2)
Human and industrial '000 tonnes 91.8 102.8 106.2 110.6 80.7
Seed(3) " 3.3 3.5 3.7 3.9 3.6
Feed and other(4) " 18.3 14.0 40.9 14.0 19.3
Total marketings " 113.4 120.3 150.9 128.5 103.5
Stock change " 1.1 12.3 -5.8 -6.6 4.7
Total quantity of output " 114.5 132.6 145.1 121.8 108.2
Market price £ per tonne 107.77 85.55 110.84 162.81 210.65
Market value £ millions 12.22 10.29 16.72 20.92 21.81
Stock change(6) " 0.12 1.04 -0.69 -1.17 1.03
Total value of output " 12.34 11.33 16.03 19.75 22.84
Oilseed rape(2)
Total marketings '000 tonnes 114.9 108.6 123.3 149.6 106.4
Market price £ per tonne 258.10 222.30 320.50 354.47 370.00
Total value of output £ millions 29.66 24.14 39.53 53.04 39.38

(1) Output data are for calendar years (except Oilseed rape) and so reflect the influence of two crop years.
(2) Oilseed rape data are for Crop year

Table A4 Output and utilisation of potatoes, vegetables and fruit, 2008 to 2012(1)

  Unit 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Potatoes(2)
Earlies '000 tonnes 7.8 5.2 3.4 4.4 4.2
Maincrop ware(4) " 872.1 989.2 932.5 860.4 653.2
Seed(6) " 301.9 339.1 322.1 321.9 243.2
Stockfeed(5) " 111.0 126.2 118.8 107.8 81.9
Total potatoes " 1,292.8 1,459.6 1,376.7 1,294.6 982.6
Earlies £ per tonne 356.3 300.3 321.6 262.5 498.3
Maincrop ware " 116.4 84.6 177.6 99.6 267.5
Seed(6) " 207.2 218.8 213.7 224.7 258.4
Earlies £ millions 2.8 1.6 1.1 1.2 2.1
Seed(6) " 60.0 66.4 71.4 69.8 68.3
Maincrop ware " 136.0 90.1 117.6 131.3 130.8
Stockfeed(5) " 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.4
Stockchange " -5.7 10.3 -6.2 -3.4 -43.0
Total value of output " 193.7 168.9 184.7 199.9 159.6
Vegetables
Carrots '000 tonnes 128.5 146.3 190.7 148.2 126.5
Turnips & Swedes " 67.4 70.9 75.2 64.4 52.8
Brussel Sprouts " 12.5 11.5 12.2 14.8 12.5
Peas " 16.9 27.1 30.3 26.6 23.0
Other Vegetables " 57.7 88.1 88.4 77.7 59.9
Total Vegetables " 283.0 343.9 396.8 331.7 274.7
Carrots £ per tonne 144.4 152.2 137.3 157.9 177.3
Turnips & Swedes " 228.6 264.2 209.9 239.3 312.5
Brussel Sprouts " 893.6 809.1 820.1 1,047.5 1,086.8
Peas " 277.5 338.5 290.3 305.0 331.7
Carrots £ millions 18.6 22.3 26.2 23.4 22.4
Turnips & Swedes " 15.4 18.7 15.8 15.4 16.5
Brussel Sprouts " 11.2 9.3 10.0 15.5 13.6
Peas " 4.7 9.2 8.8 8.1 7.6
Other Vegetables " 35.5 50.0 50.6 47.0 42.2
Total Value of Output " 85.4 109.4 111.4 109.4 102.4
Fruit
Raspberries '000 tonnes 4.7 4.2 3.0 3.2 2.1
Strawberries " 17.9 18.7 21.6 21.4 17.8
Other Fruit " 4.6 5.0 5.2 5.1 4.4
Total Fruit " 27.2 28.0 29.9 29.7 24.2
Raspberries £ per tonne 4,590.7 4,040.3 4,514.6 4,948.6 4,335.4
Strawberries " 2,726.0 2,862.5 2,881.2 2,688.5 2,619.6
Raspberries £ millions 21.5 17.1 13.7 15.7 8.9
Strawberries " 48.8 53.6 62.3 57.5 46.6
Other Fruit " 7.8 9.3 8.1 8.2 6.7
Total Value of Output " 78.1 79.9 84.2 81.4 62.1

(1) Output data are for calendar years and so reflect the influence of two crop years.
(2) Includes all production whether sold off or consumed on the national farm.
(3) Value of the physical increase in on-farm stocks over the course of the year.
(4) Includes farmyard consumption.
(5) Potatoes used on farm as stockfeed and so does not equate to Potato Marketing Board stockfeed support scheme.
(6) Includes seed retained on the farm of origin or sold farm-to-farm. Valued at opportunity cost, assumed to be the ex-farm seed price.

Table A5 Output and prices of cattle and sheep, 2008 to 2012

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Finished cattle:
Number ('000 head) 454 446 467 460 415
Weight of meat ('000 tonnes) 155.9 155.3 166.1 161.7 147.1
Average price (£ per kg) 2.67 2.89 2.80 3.17 3.50
Value of output (£m) 405.0 437.1 460.6 506.2 509.6
Cows and bulls:
Number ('000 head) 59 52 57 64 65
Weight of meat ('000 tonnes) 19.4 17.2 19.6 22.2 22.7
Average price (£ per head) 653.9 697.0 684.2 850.6 910.1
Value of output (£m) 37.8 35.4 39.0 54.1 59.3
Finished calves:
Number ('000 head) 2 2 2 2 2
Weight of meat ('000 tonnes) 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Value of output (£m) 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Subtract MLC levy 1.8 1.7 1.8 2.2 2.0
Stock change (£m)(1) -10.4 -9.4 -5.3 -8.8 -7.3
Other receipts (£m)(2) 26.5 23.4 22.0 22.2 23.8
TOTAL VALUE OF OUTPUT (£m) 457.4 485.2 514.8 571.9 583.7
Store cattle:
Number ('000 head) 65 60 50 51 54
Average price (£ per head) 619.1 738.5 691.0 790.4 879.7
Value of output (£m) 37.8 41.7 32.1 37.9 44.4
Store calves:
Number ('000 head) 31.0 29.8 29.6 30.3 30.5
Average price (£ per head) 497.06 619.01 514.61 631.28 723.79
Value of output (£m) 14.6 17.7 14.0 17.9 21.1
Finished sheep:
Number ('000 head) 2,619 2,480 2,310 2,368 2,313
Weight of meat ('000 tonnes) 50.8 48.8 45.9 47.1 46.2
Average price (£ per kg) 2.68 3.62 3.96 4.27 4.19
Value of output (£m) 131.1 171.1 175.4 194.2 186.8
Ewes and rams:
Number ('000 head) 419 316 305 325 313
Weight of meat ('000 tonnes) 10.7 8.6 9.2 10.7 10.2
Average price (£ per head) 32.0 51.9 60.3 68.0 60.0
Value of output (£m) 12.4 15.4 17.2 20.8 17.5
Stock change (£m)(1) -5.3 -4.9 -4.8 -4.1 -2.0
Other receipts (£m) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
TOTAL VALUE OF OUTPUT (£m) 138.2 181.6 187.8 210.8 202.3
Store sheep:
Number ('000 head) 406 339 337 347 342
Average price (£ per head) 33.6 56.7 69.8 71.9 66.9
Value of output (£m) 12.6 18.1 22.1 23.4 21.4

(1) Value of the physical increase in on-farm stocks over the course of the year.
(2) Comprising Scottish Beef Calf Scheme and Older Cattle Disposal Scheme.

Table A6 Output and prices of pigs, poultry and livestock products, 2008 to 2012

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Finished pigs:
Number ('000 head) 798 627 667 775 667
Weight of meat ('000 tonnes) 53.9 49.1 52.3 61.5 52.0
Average price (£ per kg) 1.36 1.35 1.29 1.37 1.43
Value of output (£m) 73.5 66.4 67.7 84.5 74.2
Sows and boars:
Number ('000 head) 14 12 15 18 16
Weight of meat ('000 tonnes) 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.5 2.3
Average price (£ per head) 65.93 69.27 60.66 59.39 58.71
Value of output (£m) 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.0
Stock change (£m)(1) -2.2 3.4 2.1 -1.1 0.9
TOTAL VALUE OF OUTPUT (£m) 72.3 70.7 70.7 84.5 76.1
Poultry:
Chickens: Weight of meat 80 85 86 92 80
('000 tonnes)
Other table poultry: Weight of 9.1 8.5 5.2 4.8 4.3
meat ('000 tonnes)
Chickens: Average price (p per kg) 101.15 105.42 106.00 121.68 126.28
Value of output (£m) 83.2 91.4 92.4 112.7 101.8
Stock change (£m)(1) -1.3 0.6 -0.2 -2.0 1.6
TOTAL VALUE OF OUTPUT (£m) 81.9 92.0 92.2 110.7 103.4
Eggs:
Packing station throughput - 503 482 398 390 527
laying cages (million eggs)
Packing station throughput -
free range (million eggs)
321 367 502 637 509
Packing station throughput -
other (million eggs)
91 84 188 113 46
Average price - laying cages
(p per dozen)
53 54 55 56 69
Average price - free range
(p per dozen)
91 89 87 86 95
TOTAL VALUE OF OUTPUT (£m) 55.5 57.1 68.9 73.1 75.0
Milk (including milk products):
Production (million litres) 1,276 1,268 1,289 1,278 1,301
Average price (p per litre) 26.57 24.63 24.41 26.75 27.82
TOTAL VALUE OF OUTPUT (£m) 341.9 314.5 317.0 344.8 364.8
Wool:
Clipwool (million kg) 7 6 6 6 6
Average receipts (p per kg) 36.76 54.65 110.83 131.92 132.67
TOTAL VALUE OF OUTPUT (£m) 2.4 3.3 6.5 8.2 8.3

(1) Value of the physical increase in on-farm stocks over the course of the year.

Table A7 Annual average hay and straw prices, 2008 to 2012(1)

£/tonne 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Hay 72 86 101 105 90
Barley straw 22 33 43 52 51
Oat straw 39 53 63 60 59

(1) Average of growers' prices paid by a representative sample of merchants throughout Scotland.

Table A8 Prices and Quantities of fertiliser and lime used by Scottish farmers, 2008 to 2012

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Price - £ per tonne of nutrient
Compounds 576 911 551 641 722
Straights Nitrates (N) 710 895 562 783 890
  Phosphate (P2Os) 880 1,221 512 788 859
Potash (K2O) 500 946 559 543 573
Lime (CaCO3) 41 41 39 39 39
Quantity Used - '000 tonnes of nutrient
  Nitrates (N) 147 162 158 155 154
Phosphate (P2Os) 51 50 51 48 48
Potash (K2O) 66 67 67 62 62
Lime (CaCO3) 602 522 550 518 508

Table A9 Annual average prices of red diesel in UK, 2008 to 2012

p/litre 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Red Diesel 58.4 44.0 54.1 68.1 71.0

Table A10 Average weekly earnings of regular full-time hired workers, 2008 to 2012

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Hours worked number:
Ordinary hours 40.2 41.3 39.8 39.5 39.0
Seasonal overtime hours 8.8 6.6 6.3 7.0 6.7
Total hours worked 49.1 47.9 46.1 46.6 45.8
Earnings £:
Regular cash earnings(1) 304.22 351.02 335.53 332.32 341.83
Seasonal overtime(2) 84.89 65.12 60.65 72.42 65.71
Bonuses 3.85 0.16 1.34 0.83 1.05
Total cash earnings 392.96 416.30 397.52 405.57 408.59
Benefits 6.37 5.91 25.92 20.50 17.10
Total earnings 399.33 422.21 423.44 426.07 425.69

(1) Shepherds' dog allowances are not included in earnings.
(2) Includes cash in lieu which is not shown individually.

Table A11 Total Bank Advances to Agriculture at 31st May, 2008 to 2012

£ million

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Advances to
Agriculture Index 2011 = 100
Current
Real Terms
(2012 Prices)
1,390 1,385 1,506 1,614 1,670
1,438 1,440 1,497 1,524 1,670
Current
Real Terms
(2012 Prices)
83.2 83.0 90.2 96.6 100.0
86.1 86.2 89.6 91.3 100.0

Table A12 (i) Agricultural payments and subsidies(1) included in the aggregate account, 2008 to 2012

£ million

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Included in Commodity Output (Table 1)
Cattle:
Scottish Beef Calf Scheme 20.4 23.4 22.0 22.2 23.8
Other Cattle Schemes 6.0 ~ ~ ~ ~
Cattle total 26.5 23.4 22.0 22.2 23.8
Sheep Schemes ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Arable Area Payments Scheme 0.3 0.5 ~ ~ ~
Dairy Schemes ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Included in Other Subsidies (Table A1):
Single Farm Payment Scheme 443.4 509.9 479.5 483.0 443.3
Less-Favoured Area Support Scheme 58.9 63.0 63.7 66.4 66.9
Land Management Contract Menu Scheme 20.0 17.8 17.1 6.6 0.3
Land Managers Options ~ 0.4 0.9 3.5 6.9
Rural Stewardship Scheme 17.3 13.0 7.8 4.0 0.8
Rural Priorities ~ 4.4 22.2 31.8 34.0
Chernobyl Compensation Payments 0.0 0.0 0.0 ~ ~
Other Compensation Payments ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Environmentally Sensitive Areas Payments 3.6 2.7 1.5 0.6 0.2
Countryside Premium Scheme 2.6 1.8 0.8 0.2 0.0
Organic Aid Scheme 4.7 2.6 2.1 1.7 0.7
Farm Woodland Scheme 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Farm Woodland Premium Scheme 4.3 3.3 2.6 2.3 2.0
Farmland Premium Scheme 1.4 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3
EU Dairy Payment ~ ~ 2.6 ~ ~
Other ~ ~ 0.2 ~ ~
TOTAL INCLUDED IN OTHER SUBSIDIES 556.8 620.6 602.5 601.8 556.6
TOTAL OTHER PAYMENTS AND SUBSIDIES 583.6 644.4 624.5 624.0 580.4

Table A12 (ii) Agricultural other payments and subsidies(2) not included in the aggregate account, 2008 to 2012

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Animal Diseases Compensation 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.5
23.3 23.5 26.0 41.1 42.9
Other Grants (Mainly Capital)
Agriculture Business Development Scheme (3)
2.3 -0.1 ~ ~ ~
Crofting Community Development Scheme 0.3 ~ ~ ~ ~
Farm Business Development Scheme 8.0 8.1 ~ ~ ~
Farm and Conservation Grant Scheme (EC) ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
Crofting Buildings Grants and Loans Scheme
(CBGLS)(4)
1.8 1.8 ~ ~ ~
Crofting Counties Agricultural Grants Scheme
(CCAGS)
3.9 3.7 1.5 1.4 1.5
FEOGA Processing and Marketing Scheme 6.9 5.4 5.9 6.5 7.0
Land Managers Options ~ 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.5
Rural Priorities ~ 4.6 18.3 33.0 34.0
Other ~ ~ ~ ~ ~
TOTAL 23.5 23.8 26.2 41.3 43.4
OVERALL TOTAL OF OTHER PAYMENTS AND SUBSIDIES
(included in tables A12 (i) and A12 (ii))
607.1 668.2 650.7 665.3 623.8

(1) Subsidies paid to farmers to support non-agricultural or capital improvements excluded from table A12(i).
(2) Including marketing grants.
(3) For 2009, represents repayments to EU as a result of recoveries against applicants who breached their terms and conditions.
(4) Approved Expenditure on Grants and Loans.

Table A13 Estimated balance sheet for Scottish agriculture at current prices, 2008 to 2012(1)(3)

£ million

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
ASSETS:
Fixed:
Land and buildings(2) 24,995 28,615 31,720 33,845 32,920
Plant and machinery 665 715 785 740 770
Farm vehicles 75 85 90 90 100
Farm cars 60 65 65 60 70
Breeding livestock 925 1,160 1,090 1,430 1,275
Total fixed assets 26,715 30,640 33,745 36,170 35,135
Current:
Trading livestock 515 630 570 660 645
Crops and stores 305 225 280 280 310
Financial 1,190 1,125 1,100 1,135 1,100
Total current assets 2,005 1,980 1,950 2,070 2,050
TOTAL ASSETS 28,720 32,620 35,695 38,240 37,185
LIABILITIES:
Long term:
Bank loans 515 585 690 785 800
Other 350 325 320 330 325
Total long term 865 915 1,010 1,115 1,125
Short term:
Bank 835 775 735 730 705
Other 565 555 575 605 585
Total short term 1,400 1,330 1,310 1,335 1,290
TOTAL LIABILITIES 2,270 2,245 2,320 2,450 2,415
NET WORTH 26,455 30,375 33,375 35,790 34,770
Net worth as %
of total assets
92 93 94 94 94

(1) Rounded to the nearest £5 million. Individual items may not sum to total.
(2) The value of land and buildings does not include the domestic share of dwellings, but does include the business share ie the value of the proportion of the farmhouse used for business purposes.
(3) The value of land and buildings has been estimated from Farm Accounts data, due to a lack of land sales data.

Table A14 Investment by farmers, 2008 to 2012

£ million

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Investment by Farmers(1) 250.8 235.0 286.4 219.2 185.1

(1) Investment by farmers in buildings, plant, machinery and vehicles.

Table A15 Major Economic Indicators of Scottish Agriculture, 2008 to 2012

£ million 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Current Prices
A. Net Value Added
at Factor Cost(1)
983 897 1,079 1,148 1,016
B. Returns to all Labour(2) 892 840 1,024 1,093 960
C. TIFF(3) 589 488 688 746 635
Stockchange due to
Volume in Outputs
-1 -4 -52 -12 -7
Stockchange due to
Volume in Inputs
8 -1 -1 1 0
Capital Formation
in Livestock
59 88 99 77 114
minus Consumption of
Capital in Livestock
80 86 84 100 120
D. Sub Total -14 -3 -39 -34 -14
E. Adjusted TIFF(5) (C-D) 603 491 727 779 649
Depreciation 263 267 256 262 265
Capital Grants 24 24 26 41 43
Change in Borrowings 29 227 465 499 256
F. Sub Total 315 517 747 802 564
G. Capital Investment(6) 234 217 262 193 157
H. Cash Available (E+F-G) 684 792 1,211 1,388 1,055
Annual Work Units of
Entrepreneurial Labour(4)
26,352 27,029 27,377 27,120 27,363
TIFF per AWU (£) 22,355 18,068 25,127 27,492 23,196
Real Terms
Net Value Added
at Factor Cost
779 715 822 831 713
TIFF 467 389 524 540 445
Cash Flow 542 631 922 1,005 741
TIFF per AWU (£) 17,724 14,398 19,138 19,906 16,276
Indices 2000 =100
Net Value Added
at Factor Cost
132 121 139 140 120
TIFF 194 162 218 224 185
Cash Flow 187 217 317 346 255
TIFF per AWU (£) 226 184 245 254 208

(1) Net Value Added at Factor Cost (formerly known as Net Product) is a measure of the value added by the agricultural industry to all goods and services from outside agriculture after provision has been made for depreciation.
(2) Represents Net Value Added at Factor Cost less Rent and Interest payments and so is equivalent to the total returns to labour inputs.
(3) TIFF (Total Income From Farming) represents the return, to all those with an entrepreneurial interest in agricultural production, for their labour, management skills and own capital invested after providing for depreciation.
4) The total volume of labour provided by those with an entrepreneurial interest in terms of full-time equivalents.
(5) After adjustments for input and output stock changes due to volume (including breeding livestock). Adjustments are also made to convert the effect of subsidies included within the calculation of TIFF from an accruals to a cash paid basis.
(6) The value of work carried out by entrepreneurial labour in the creation of new capital is deducted from the total value of capital investment.

Table A16 Productivity indices, 2008 to 2012(1)

  2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
(prov)
Final output (gross output less
transactions within the
agricultural industry)
104 106 105 108 98
Net value added per AWU
of all labour
129 125 117 124 95
Final output per unit of all inputs
(including fixed capital
and labour)
110 109 106 108 99

Table B1 FAS summary by farm type: 2011-12

  Measure Specialist
Sheep (LFA)
Specialist
Beef (LFA)
Cattle and
Sheep (LFA)
Cereal General
Cropping
Dairy Lowland Cattle and Sheep Mixed All Types
Average Output (£) 61,991 113,503 127,629 191,499 290,422 375,376 114,890 199,425 177,350
Input (£) 75,877 130,760 147,656 190,217 288,800 342,052 135,598 206,140 183,671
Subsidy and payments (£) 36,951 52,789 64,246 41,599 44,794 43,424 44,676 52,617 48,354
Diversified income (£) 6,982 1,286 940 6,703 3,941 3,456 1,037 2,046 3,333
FBI (£) 30,047 36,817 45,159 49,583 50,357 80,205 25,005 47,948 45,366
FBI/FTE (£) 25,040 25,567 27,705 41,319 32,699 42,437 17,365 29,059 30,653
Output: Input ratio 1.40 1.28 1.31 1.26 1.17 1.23 1.18 1.23 1.25
Off farm income (£) 5,754 9,062 10,765 8,966 9,057 5,717 13,245 9,390 8,736
Off farm income/FTE (£) 4,795 6,293 6,604 7,471 5,881 3,025 9,198 5,691 5,902
Balance Sheets Net worth (£) closing valuation (CV) 626,856 893,152 969,280 1,748,429 1,923,125 1,609,984 942,392 1,471,531 1,259,820
(All Tenures) Liabilities as % of assets (CV) 11.9 11.1 10.3 6.4 7.7 13.7 12.8 10.3 9.8
Hourly income Average hourly income (£) 13.18 13.46 14.58 21.75 17.21 22.34 9.14 15.29 16.13
Minimum agricultural wage (£) 6.55 6.55 6.55 6.55 6.55 6.55 6.55 6.55 6.55
Average hourly income as % of MAW 201.2 205.4 222.6 332.0 262.8 341.0 139.5 233.5 246.3
Quartiles FBI upper quartile (£) 94,098 81,354 116,130 139,860 131,958 211,170 118,126 97,590 116,996
FBI lower quartile (£) 7,548 -8,128 7,911 -2,901 -15,316 13,516 -10,073 5,240 -4,486
Output: Input ratio upper quartile 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.5 1.5
Output: Input ratio lower quartile 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0

Full-Time equivalent (FTE) is 1,900 hours.
Off farm Income is only collected for farmers and their spouse as the midpoint of the range in which their income falls. The minimum agricultural wage (MAW) is the weighted average for 2011 calendar year.

Table B2 FAS summary by year: 2007-08 to 2011-12 (2011-12 prices)

  Measure 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
Average Output (£) 132,782 149,747 144,806 164,544 177,350
Input (£) 136,514 158,131 165,196 170,661 183,671
Subsidy and payments (£) 47,471 48,431 53,861 51,312 48,354
Diversified income (£) 2,762 3,395 3,960 3,234 3,333
FBI (£) 46,503 43,440 37,431 48,431 45,366
FBI/FTE (£) 32,071 29,351 25,814 32,946 30,653
FBI without subsidy and payments -968 -4,991 -16,430 -2,881 -2,988
Output: Input ratio 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.2
Off farm income1 (£) 10,454 11,393 10,413 9,633 8,700
Off farm income1/FTE (£) 7,209 7,698 7,181 6,553 5,878
Balance Sheets Net worth (£) closing valuation (CV) 862,811 924,025 1,292,969 1,269,396 1,259,820
(All Tenures) Liabilities as % of assets (CV) 10.0 10.0 8.0 9.4 9.8

Full-Time equivalent (FTE) is 1,900 hours
Off farm Income is only collected for farmers and their spouse as the midpoint of the range in which their income falls.

Table B3: Average cropping and stocking, output, inputs, and Farm Business Income by type of farm: 2011-12

Type of farm Specialist
Sheep
(LFA)
Specialist
Beef
(LFA)
Cattle and
sheep
(LFA)
Cereals General
Cropping
Dairy Lowland
Cattle and
sheep
Mixed All Farm
Types
Number of farms in sample 39 116 68 84 58 55 20 62 502
Average size of business (SLR) 3 2 4 2 3 5 2 3 3
Average size of farm (hectares) 668 188 471 160 199 156 137 183 272
Area of cereals (hectares) 0 7 10 100 105 7 9 58 38
Area of potatoes (hectares) 0 0 0 1 21 0 0 1 3
Area of oilseed rape (hectares) 0 0 0 9 10 0 0 2 3
Area of other crops (hectares) 0 0 0 2 13 0 0 1 2
Area of fodder 0 1 3 3 2 9 4 3 3
Area of grass 81 105 125 39 41 121 97 92 86
Number of ewes 527 170 586 16 51 53 248 115 212
Number of suckler cows 5 91 65 7 18 6 63 59 43
Number of dairy cows 0 0 0 0 0 144 0 2 14
Output yield per dairy cow (ltrs) - - - - - 6,974 - - -
Revenue value pence per litre - - - - - 27.08 - - -
Number of other cattle 9 136 98 42 52 182 120 151 97
Headcount of unpaid labour 1.6 1.9 2.1 1.6 2.2 2.3 2.1 2.2 2.0
Number of unpaid workers
(FTE)
1.2 1.4 1.6 1.2 1.5 1.9 1.4 1.7 1.5
Average output £ per farm
Total crop output 1,285 6,827 9,394 143,084 232,275 10,324 9,023 68,569 62,881
Total livestock output 44,243 97,832 109,575 26,581 35,891 358,134 101,013 121,937 101,442
Miscellaneous output 16,463 8,844 8,661 21,834 22,256 6,918 4,854 8,919 13,028
Total average output 61,991 113,503 127,629 191,499 290,422 375,376 114,890 199,425 177,350
Subsidy and Payments 36,951 52,789 64,246 41,599 44,794 43,424 44,676 52,617 48,354
Average inputs - £ per farm
Crop expenses 4,661 17,053 15,153 53,099 81,593 29,665 17,766 38,628 32,569
Livestock expenses 20,011 39,775 50,602 12,271 18,799 153,855 48,227 55,563 44,700
Other input costs 51,205 73,932 81,901 124,846 188,409 158,532 69,606 111,949 106,402
Total average inputs 75,877 130,760 147,656 190,217 288,800 342,052 135,598 206,140 183,671
Diversification Margin 6,982 1,286 940 6,703 3,941 3,456 1,037 2,046 3,333
of which: Diversification Output 8,046 2,899 4,584 10,053 13,062 5,276 2,737 4,149 6,438
Diversification Input 1,064 1,614 3,644 3,351 9,121 1,820 1,700 2,103 3,105
FARM BUSINESS INCOME (FBI) 30,047 36,817 45,159 49,583 50,357 80,205 25,005 47,948 45,366
FBI per unpaid labour (FTE) 25,040 25,567 27,705 41,319 32,699 42,437 17,365 29,059 30,653
Output:Input ratio (including subsidies) 1.40 1.28 1.31 1.26 1.17 1.23 1.18 1.23 1.25
Output:Input ratio (excluding subsidies) 0.91 0.88 0.87 1.04 1.02 1.11 0.85 0.98 0.98
Off farm income (OFI) 5,754 9,062 10,765 8,966 9,057 5,717 13,245 9,390 8,736
OFI per unpaid labour (FTE) 4,795 6,293 6,604 7,471 5,881 3,025 9,198 5,691 5,902

Full-Time equivalent (FTE) is 1,900 hours.
Off farm Income is only collected for farmers and their spouse as the midpoint of the range in which their income falls.

Table B4: Farm business income, outputs and inputs performance bands by quartile: 2011-12

Type of farm Specialist Sheep (LFA) Specialist Beef (LFA) Cattle and Sheep Cereals General Cropping Dairy Lowland Cattle and Sheep
Performance band Lower
25%
Average Upper
25%
Lower
25%
Average Upper
25%
Lower
25%
Average Upper
25%
Lower
25%
Average Upper
25%
Lower
25%
Average Upper
25%
Lower
25%
Average Upper
25%
Lower
25%
Average Upper
25%
Number of farms in sample 10 39 10 29 116 29 17 68 17 21 84 21 15 58 15 14 55 14 5 20 5
Average size of business (SLR) 2 3 7 2 2 2 3 4 7 2 2 2 4 3 4 4 5 7 1 2 9
Average size of farm (hectares) 517 668 2,279 173 188 201 543 471 635 169 160 189 212 199 221 156 156 237 63 137 558
Area of cereals (hectares) 1 0 0 7 7 8 8 10 29 94 100 135 106 105 132 8 7 10 6 9 10
Area of potatoes (hectares) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 26 21 18 0 0 0 0 0 0
Area of oilseed rape (hectares) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8 9 27 9 10 11 0 0 0 0 0 0
Area of other crops (hectares) 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 0 0 1 2 5 22 13 13 2 0 0 0 0 0
Area of fodder 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 3 4 4 3 1 2 2 2 11 9 16 1 4 23
Area of grass 55 81 117 99 105 114 88 125 241 46 39 18 47 41 41 118 121 172 45 97 342
Number of ewes 511 527 1,458 137 170 135 562 586 935 30 16 7 65 51 33 17 53 92 173 248 1,241
Number of suckler cows 2 5 28 92 91 98 48 65 145 5 7 3 22 18 15 0 6 8 14 63 176
Number of dairy cows 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 146 144 227 0 0 0
Output yield per dairy cow (ltrs)   6,194 6,974 7,625  
Output value pence per litre   26.83 27.08 28.14  
Number of other cattle 8 9 33 137 136 180 59 98 226 40 42 27 65 52 34 162 182 257 31 120 284
Headcount of unpaid labour 2.0 1.6 2.1 2.2 1.9 1.5 1.8 2.1 2.8 1.4 1.6 2.0 2.0 2.2 2.8 2.5 2.3 2.6 2.2 2.1 2.2
Number of unpaid labour (FTE) 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.6 2.2 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.7 2.2 1.9 2.1 1.4 1.4 1.8
Average output £ per farm  
Total crop output 1,211 1,285 806 7,957 6,827 8,203 8,407 9,394 26,299 111,861 143,084 249,859 287,154 232,275 279,358 11,838 10,324 17,557 4,527 9,023 12,372
Total livestock output 37,048 44,243 110,148 93,395 97,832 131,623 71,917 109,575 235,894 23,238 26,581 20,772 53,191 35,891 30,619 308,358 358,134 609,783 34,400 101,013 327,197
Miscellaneous output 8,935 16,463 7,039 24,478 8,844 3,925 9,586 8,661 6,664 16,922 21,834 99,027 22,310 22,256 161,877 4,468 6,918 7,918 1,860 4,854 16,248
Total average output 47,194 61,991 117,993 125,831 113,503 143,750 89,910 127,629 268,856 152,021 191,499 369,658 362,655 290,422 471,854 324,664 375,376 635,258 40,787 114,890 355,817
Subsidy and Payments 26,494 36,951 109,302 49,320 52,789 58,856 58,229 64,246 126,786 38,440 41,599 59,487 43,680 44,794 43,128 30,707 43,424 82,899 19,657 44,676 130,445
Average inputs - £ per farm  
Crop expenses 5,369 4,661 4,556 22,803 17,053 17,730 7,472 15,153 34,739 45,338 53,099 84,850 112,282 81,593 84,853 26,893 29,665 43,101 8,438 17,766 52,557
Livestock expenses 20,665 20,011 51,137 54,003 39,775 36,280 45,995 50,602 99,372 13,505 12,271 10,674 36,048 18,799 17,142 150,838 153,855 244,454 17,289 48,227 129,992
Other input costs 41,229 51,205 88,546 106,443 73,932 68,135 86,325 81,901 146,812 138,748 124,846 206,260 276,506 188,409 283,646 164,804 158,532 233,507 43,628 69,606 186,601
Total average inputs 67,263 75,877 144,239 183,249 130,760 122,144 139,792 147,656 280,923 197,590 190,217 301,784 424,836 288,800 385,642 342,535 342,052 521,063 69,355 135,598 369,150
Diversification Margin 1,122 6,982 11,043 -30 1,286 893 -436 940 1,411 4,228 6,703 12,498 3,185 3,941 2,617 680 3,456 14,075 -1,162 1,037 1,014
of which: Diversification Output 2,527 8,046 12,947 1,287 2,899 1,618 5,621 4,584 9,166 6,443 10,053 15,237 6,265 13,062 4,859 1,322 5,276 16,229 2,639 2,737 2,209
Diversification Input 1,405 1,064 1,904 1,317 1,614 726 6,057 3,644 7,755 2,215 3,351 2,739 3,080 9,121 2,242 643 1,820 2,153 3,801 1,700 1,195
FARM BUSINESS INCOME (FBI) 7,548 30,047 94,098 -8,128 36,817 81,354 7,911 45,159 116,130 -2,901 49,583 139,860 -15,316 50,357 131,958 13,516 80,205 211,170 -10,073 25,005 118,126
FBI per unpaid labour (FTE) 6,563 25,040 64,451 -5,048 25,567 61,168 6,085 27,705 51,844 -2,872 41,319 109,266 -9,694 32,699 77,168 6,287 42,437 99,608 -7,407 17,365 64,199
Output:Input ratio (including subsidies) 1.1 1.4 1.7 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.3 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.3 1.0 1.2 1.4 0.9 1.2 1.3
Output:Input ratio (excluding subsidies) 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.9 1.2 0.6 0.9 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.3 0.9 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.9 1.0
Off farm income (OFI) 9,923 5,754 8,750 6,429 9,062 11,439 8,163 10,765 11,750 13,286 8,966 1,707 17,603 9,057 22,760 6,084 5,717 5,718 11,500 13,245 17,000
OFI per unpaid labour (FTE) 8,628 4,795 5,993 3,993 6,293 8,601 6,279 6,604 5,246 13,154 7,471 1,333 11,141 5,881 13,310 2,830 3,025 2,697 8,456 9,198 9,239

Table B4: Farm business income, outputs and inputs performance bands by quartile: 2011-12 (continued)

Type of farm Mixed All Farm Types
  Lower
25%
Average Upper Lower Average Upper
25% 25% 25%
Number of farms in sample 16 62 16 126 502 126
Average size of business (SLR) 3 3 3 3 3 5
Average size of farm (hectares) 283 183 192 269 272 454
Area of cereals (hectares) 67 58 78 43 38 52
Area of potatoes (hectares) 1 1 1 5 3 2
Area of oilseed rape (hectares) 0 2 3 3 3 5
Area of other crops (hectares) 4 1 0 5 2 2
Area of fodder 2 3 3 4 3 4
Area of grass 123 92 96 86 86 127
Number of ewes 62 115 96 188 212 463
Number of suckler cows 80 59 68 46 43 73
Number of dairy cows 0 2 4 20 14 19
Output yield per dairy cow (ltrs)
Output value pence per litre
Number of other cattle 142 151 155 97 97 136
Headcount of unpaid labour 1.5 2.2 2.9 1.9 2.0 2.3
Number of unpaid labour (FTE) 1.0 1.7 2.1 1.4 1.5 1.7
Average output £ per farm
Total crop output 73,109 68,569 89,680 81,620 62,881 84,641
Total livestock output 116,921 121,937 136,825 101,231 101,442 170,343
Miscellaneous output 10,500 8,919 8,830 14,221 13,028 33,343
Total average output 200,530 199,425 235,336 197,071 177,350 288,327
Subsidy and Payments 70,717 52,617 60,957 48,178 48,354 81,915
Average inputs - £ per farm
Crop expenses 41,712 38,628 43,860 43,569 32,569 42,401
Livestock expenses 68,456 55,563 47,934 56,869 44,700 66,430
Other input costs 156,996 111,949 109,356 150,394 106,402 149,692
Total average inputs 267,164 206,140 201,150 250,832 183,671 258,523
Diversification Margin 1,157 2,046 2,448 1,096 3,333 5,277
of which: Diversification Output 1,962 4,149 5,437 3,210 6,438 8,198
Diversification Input 805 2,103 2,990 2,113 3,105 2,921
FARM BUSINESS INCOME (FBI) 5,240 47,948 97,590 -4,486 45,366 116,996
FBI per unpaid labour (FTE) 5,402 29,059 47,145 -3,323 30,653 68,021
Output:Input ratio (including subsidies) 1.0 1.2 1.5 1.0 1.2 1.5
Output:Input ratio (excluding subsidies) 0.8 1.0 1.2 0.8 1.0 1.1
Off farm income (OFI) 10,217 9,390 4,696 8,875 8,736 9,188
OFI per unpaid labour (FTE) 10,533 5,691 2,268 6,574 5,902 5,342

Full-Time equivalent (FTE) is 1,900 hours.
Off farm Income is only collected for farmers and their spouse as the midpoint of the range in which their income falls.

Table B5: Number of diversified activities and average income in FAS sample (2011-12 prices): 2007-08 to 2011-12

  2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
Number Average
Income
(£)
Number Average
Income
(£)
Number Average
Income
(£)
Number Average
Income (£)
Number Average
Income
(£)
All 192 7,644 256 6,781 280 7,240 305 5,865 329 5,225
Processing and retailing of
farm produce
" " 6 402 7 3,098 11 290 7 4,151
Recreation 19 1,608 22 1,269 20 1,388 19 2,180 19 1,120
Renting out buildings - not including tourist accommodation 110 7,214 154 6,462 170 6,053 173 5,954 162 6,393
Tourist Accomodation and Catering 14 2,458 21 3,055 18 3,388 16 1,275 16 4,159
Mobile Phone Masts 15 7,661 16 6,390 20 6,886 23 6,706 25 6,219
Wind Turbines " " 6 9,852 11 32,445 28 4,789 29 2,139
Micro Electric Generation n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a n/a 12 -3,975
Other Miscellaneous receipts 6 13,976 11 14,192 20 14,406 28 5,711 47 923

" cell values have been suppressed due to small sample sizes.
Micro Electric Generation was not recorded as a separate category until 2011-12.

Table B6: Percentage distribution of income from diversified activities (sample farms with diversified activities): 2007-08 to 2011-12

  2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
£0 or less 6.8 12.1 12.5 19.7 22.8
up to £2,500 32.3 25.4 28.2 25.6 25.2
up to £5,000 26.6 26.6 20.4 19.7 18.5
up to £7,500 9.9 12.9 11.1 10.8 11.9
up to £10,000 7.8 7.8 11.4 9.8 6.4
more than £10,000 16.7 15.2 16.4 14.4 15.2
Total number of activities 192 256 280 305 329

Table B7: Diversified activity and incomes (matched sample) at 2011-12 prices: 2007-08 to 2011-12

  2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12
Total number of farms in matched sample 392 392 392 392 392
Percentage of farms engaged in diversified activity 32% 41% 45% 46% 46%
Average number of diversified activities on farms
with any diversified activity
1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4
Average diversified income of farms with diversified activity £8,984 £7,373 £7,904 £8,043 £8,315
Average diversified income of farms with
diversified activity (% of FBI)
13% 11% 12% 12% 13%
Average FBI of farms with diversified activity £70,899 £67,946 £64,881 £67,115 £66,094
Average FBI of farms without diversified activity £54,665 £51,500 £52,025 £44,836 £41,447

Table B8: Percentage distribution of farms according to farm business incomes: 2011-12

Type of farm Farm Business Income in 2011-12
Less
than
£0
£0
to
£4,999
£5,000
to
£9,999
£10,000
to
£19,999
£20,000
to
£29,999
£30,000
to
£39,999
£40,000
to
£49,999
£50,000
to
£99,999
£100,000
and
over
Specialist Sheep (LFA) 3.2 2.4 1.4 28.7 26.1 25.4 2.1 6.4 4.3
Specialist Beef (LFA) 8.4 7.9 6.5 16.8 12.2 11.9 6.2 24.4 5.5
Cattle and Sheep (LFA) 9.4 3.1 1.9 17.6 15.5 6.1 13.8 24.8 7.8
Cereals 12.5 3.8 4.8 16.6 7.7 10.2 3.1 26.2 15.1
General cropping 7.1 3.1 0.0 3.2 14.9 18.9 12.3 22.9 17.6
Dairy 3.0 1.5 3.0 5.3 4.5 15.3 12.0 34.7 20.8
Lowland cattle and sheep 33.9 0.0 6.8 15.9 9.1 2.3 13.6 11.5 6.9
Mixed 8.4 2.0 8.1 13.8 11.1 6.2 9.3 30.2 10.8
All farm types 9 4 4 15 13 13 8 23 11

Table B9: Percentage distribution of farms according to farm business incomes per unpaid labour (FTE), relative to the minimum agricultural wage (MAW): 2011-12

  Farm Business Income in 2011-12
Type of farm <£0 ≥£0
<MAW
MAW
<2 x MAW
≥2 x MAW
<5 x MAW
>5 x MAW
<10 x MAW
≥10 x MAW
Specialist sheep (LFA) 7.7 12.8 41.0 20.5 15.4 2.6
Specialist beef (LFA) 7.8 19.0 25.9 35.3 9.5 2.6
Cattle and sheep (LFA) 7.4 11.8 26.5 45.6 7.4 1.5
Cereals 10.7 13.1 9.5 35.7 20.2 10.7
General cropping 8.6 10.3 19.0 39.7 19.0 3.5
Dairy 3.6 14.6 12.7 43.6 16.4 9.1
Lowground cattle and sheep 25.0 15.0 25.0 25.0 10.0 0.0
Mixed 9.7 17.7 19.4 46.8 6.5 0.0
All farm types 8.8 14.7 21.3 38.1 13.0 4.2

Minimum Agricultural Wage is £6.55 per hour (weighted average for 2011 calendar year)
≥ greater than or equal to
< less than

Table B10: Sources and levels of non-farming income (2011-12 prices): 2007-08 to 2011-12

Farm type Sample
year
Number of farms
in sample
(OFI)
FBI per
unpaid
labour
(FTE)
OFI
(farmer
ands
pouse)
OFI per unpaid
labour(FTE)
% of OFI
from
employment
and/or self
employment
% of OFI
from
investments,
pensions
and other
Specialist Sheep LFA 2007-08 31 16,928 11,476 10,156 45 55
2008-09 37 14,996 13,495 11,246 65 35
2009-10 41 26,733 8,549 7,184 80 20
2010-11 41 24,051 6,806 5,401 75 25
2011-12 39 25,039 5,800 4,833 85 15
Specialist Beef (LFA) 2007-08 105 18,696 9,886 6,913 40 60
2008-09 106 20,681 11,947 8,296 50 50
2009-10 114 29,661 11,399 8,142 50 50
2010-11 114 24,187 9,947 7,005 55 45
2011-12 116 25,567 9,100 6,319 55 45
Cattle and Sheep (LFA) 2007-08 63 21,863 13,522 9,870 55 45
2008-09 65 20,992 11,504 7,826 65 35
2009-10 61 32,549 12,605 8,403 70 30
2010-11 61 29,595 12,774 8,631 75 25
2011-12 68 27,705 10,800 6,626 80 20
Cereals 2007-08 58 58,506 12,044 9,410 25 75
2008-09 78 36,712 12,610 10,008 50 50
2009-10 77 14,761 11,399 9,421 45 55
2010-11 77 44,272 10,680 8,754 45 55
2011-12 84 41,319 9,000 7,500 50 50
General Cropping 2007-08 36 58,663 7,499 5,137 40 60
2008-09 54 45,184 9,292 6,236 30 70
2009-10 54 14,125 7,782 5,442 35 65
2010-11 54 49,252 7,957 5,305 40 60
2011-12 58 32,699 9,100 5,909 30 70
Dairy 2007-08 58 38,206 7,727 3,733 40 60
2008-09 55 41,125 7,964 3,775 65 35
2009-10 51 32,579 6,028 3,045 60 40
2010-11 51 38,958 5,759 2,953 55 45
2011-12 55 42,437 5,700 3,016 60 40
Lowland Cattle and Sheep 2007-08 12 17,993 14,203 11,363 55 45
2008-09 16 20,239 15,044 11,484 70 30
2009-10 17 26,083 18,853 13,965 90 10
2010-11 17 22,412 19,161 13,214 95 5
2011-12 20 17,365 13,200 9,167 85 15
Mixed 2007-08 63 26,481 10,113 6,281 35 65
2008-09 67 31,330 10,840 6,775 55 45
2009-10 69 26,518 11,290 6,884 50 50
2010-11 69 30,250 9,423 5,746 55 45
2011-12 62 29,059 9,400 5,697 65 35
All Types 2007-08 426 32,071 10,454 7,209 40 60
2008-09 478 29,351 11,393 7,698 55 45
2009-10 486 25,814 10,413 7,181 60 40
2010-11 486 32,946 9,633 6,553 60 40
2011-12 502 30,653 8,700 5,878 60 40

Off farm Income is only collected for farmers and their spouse as the midpoint of the range in which their income falls.
OFI per unpaid labour FTE shows what finance is available to the farmer and their spouse that could supplement FBI per unpaid labour, it does not necessarily used for this purpose.

Table B11: Average opening and closing balance sheets by tenure and type of farm: 2011-12

Tenure of farm Type of farm Specialist sheep(LFA) Specialist beef(LFA) Cattle and sheep(LFA) Cereals General cropping Dairy Lowland
cattle and sheep
Mixed All farm
types
Valuation (£/farm) Valuation (£/farm) Valuation (£/farm) Valuation (£/farm) Valuation (£/farm) Valuation (£/farm) Valuation (£/farm) Valuation (£/farm) Valuation (£/farm)
Opening Opening Closing Closing Opening Closing Opening Closing Opening Closing Opening Closing Opening Closing Opening Closing Opening Closing
Owner-occupiedfarms Sample Size 22 52 25 34 24 25 " 31 220
Total assets 934,252 982,321 1,127,842 1,169,982 1,444,561 1,538,000 2,257,354 2,324,270 2,284,629 2,399,098 1,885,649 1,987,510 " " 1,841,998 1,899,688 1,639,496 1,709,565
Total external liabilities 41,666 43,359 123,601 133,140 139,511 153,875 105,046 123,996 154,902 168,221 259,421 264,476 " " 146,372 152,916 138,018 147,870
Net worth 892,586 938,962 1,004,241 1,036,841 1,305,049 1,384,125 2,152,309 2,200,274 2,129,727 2,230,877 1,626,228 1,723,035 " " 1,695,626 1,746,772 1,501,477 1,561,695
Liabilities as a percentage
of assets
4.5 4.4 11.0 11.4 9.7 10.0 4.7 5.3 6.8 7.0 13.8 13.3 " " 7.9 8.0 8.4 8.6
Tenantedfarms Sample Size 8 30 20 12 10 6 " 13 103
Total assets 264,259 263,070 376,754 381,118 334,558 351,982 271,365 290,502 475,230 501,449 551,328 623,417 " " 459,265 472,707 383,001 399,157
Total external liabilities 19,394 29,032 48,386 45,841 55,992 52,330 60,679 67,748 72,149 59,881 137,392 180,118 " " 67,883 65,900 55,319 58,057
Net worth 244,865 234,038 328,368 335,277 278,567 299,652 210,685 222,754 403,082 441,567 413,936 443,298 " " 391,383 406,808 327,682 341,100
Liabilities as a percentage
of assets
7.3 11.0 12.8 12.0 16.7 14.9 22.4 23.3 15.2 11.9 24.9 28.9 " " 14.8 13.9 14.4 14.5
Mixed tenure farms
 
Sample Size 9 34 23 35 17 23 " 18 166
Total assets 877,052 1,053,668 1,102,949 1,151,247 1,162,544 1,207,784 1,653,665 1,703,674 2,718,153 2,775,459 2,316,132 2,395,961 " " 1,784,293 1,899,166 1,541,793 1,618,221
Total external liabilities 215,603 355,896 91,862 107,476 96,809 106,839 171,797 164,907 273,211 268,549 257,156 278,301 " " 290,867 347,278 181,696 212,111
Net worth 661,449 697,772 1,011,087 1,043,771 1,065,735 1,100,944 1,481,868 1,538,767 2,444,942 2,506,910 2,058,975 2,117,660 " " 1,493,425 1,551,888 1,360,097 1,406,110
Liabilities as a percentage
of assets
24.6 33.8 8.3 9.3 8.3 8.8 10.4 9.7 10.1 9.7 11.1 11.6 " " 16.3 18.3 11.8 13.1
All Tenures Sample Size 39 116 68 81 51 54 18 62 489
Total assets 663,509 711,656 969,300 1,004,546 1,021,293 1,080,789 1,811,457 1,867,336 1,993,963 2,083,836 1,770,473 1,865,280 1,030,316 1,080,764 1,581,167 1,640,059 1,337,817 1,396,475
Total external liabilities 59,135 84,800 103,461 111,394 103,977 111,509 105,513 118,907 154,711 160,712 242,987 255,296 139,172 138,372 155,469 168,528 125,443 136,655
Net worth 604,374 626,856 865,838 893,152 917,317 969,280 1,705,944 1,748,429 1,839,252 1,923,125 1,527,485 1,609,984 891,144 942,392 1,425,699 1,471,531 1,212,374 1,259,820
Liabilities as a percentage
of assets
8.9 11.9 10.7 11.1 10.2 10.3 5.8 6.4 7.8 7.7 13.7 13.7 13.5 12.8 9.8 10.3 9.4 9.8

Performance categories are based on distributions of gross margin results.
" removed due to low sample size.
1 At 2011-12 prices

Table B12 Enterprise performance summary table: 2010-11 and 2011-12

Enterprise Enterprise Gross Margin Overall Enterprise Gross Margin Output: Input Ratio
  2010-11
Average
2011-12 2011-12 2011-12
Lower 25% Average Upper 25% Lower 25% Average Upper 25% Lower 25% Average Upper 25%
Crop EGM
(£ hectare)
Crop EGM (£ head) Crop Overall EGM (£) Crop
Winter Wheat 1,068 587 907 1,198 24,500 42,505 54,132 2.0 2.8 3.3
Winter Barley 611 " 695 988 " 15,328 14,736 " 2.6 3.8
Spring Barley 652 412 681 953 12,405 31,064 64,139 2.2 3.0 3.7
Mixed Barley 784 477 730 1,006 26,459 57,660 106,298 2.3 2.9 3.4
Winter Oil Seed Rape 739 847 1,150 1,455 21,244 33,124 42,942 2.7 3.4 4.2
Winter Oats 685 " 753 " " 22,154 " " 3.5 "
Spring Oats 598 261 612 969 2,086 10,549 9,091 1.7 3.1 4.7
Ware Potatoes 4,270 " 3,391 " " 117,356 " " 3.2 "
  Cattle EGM
(£ head)
Cattle EGM (£ hectare) Cattle Overall EGM (£) Cattle
Dairy Cows 923 613 983 1,284 140,783 178,241 251,732 1.7 2.0 2.3
Dairy Followers 646 " 449 " " 46,951 " " 1.7 "
Dairy Mixed & Dairy Beef (combined) 300 135 366 731 11,072 37,313 92,812 1.2 1.7 2.9
Beef: Hill Herds 75 -175 163 " -6,364 8,642 " 0.7 1.4 "
Beef: Upland suckler selling weaning 230 " 383 " " 25,010 " " 2.1 "
Beef: Upland suckler selling yearling stores 265 101 307 519 8,177 26,569 48,825 1.2 1.8 2.5
Beef: Lowland suckler/herds 227 149 333 532 11,620 25,631 35,450 1.3 1.7 2.5
Beef: Forward stores 75 -12 105 270 -893 7,610 16,655 0.9 1.4 2.3
Beef: Mixed 93 -103 115 340 -8,272 9,398 29,129 0.6 1.4 2.1
Beef: Finishing 96 -24 158 358 -3,116 19,847 32,290 0.9 1.4 1.8
  Sheep EGM
(£ head)
Sheep EGM (£ head) Sheep Overall EGM (£) Sheep
Sheep: Extensive/hardhill 19 1 26 58 420 20,331 46,250 1.0 1.9 2.9
Sheep: Crossbred Ewe Production 74 " 64 " " 64,167 " " 2.5 "
Sheep: Finished/store lamb production 48 21 55 85 9,606 26,921 28,310 1.4 2.2 2.9
Sheep: Lowland (non LFA) 55 13 52 90 1,922 16,180 17,204 1.2 1.8 2.7
Sheep: Store Lamb finishing (short keep) 13 " 18 " " 2,765 " " 3.3 "
Sheep: Store Lamb finishing (long keep) 21 2 16 30 565 5,291 10,915 1.1 2.3 3.6

" Cell values have been suppressed due to small sample sizes.

Table C1 Number of holdings by regional grouping, region and farm type, June 2012

Holdings

  Cereals General
cropping
Horticulture Specialist
pigs
Specialist
poultry
Dairy Cattle
& sheep
(LFA)
Cattle
& sheep
(Lowland)
Mixed Specialist
grass &
forage
Other Total
North West: 550 491 551 96 612 79 7,313 101 507 9,882 568 20,750
Shetland 7 16 30 * 53 * 1,153 0 37 536 15 1,856
Orkney 141 42 24 18 101 24 658 0 64 891 49 2,012
Eileanan an Iar 56 182 182 * 117 7 2,363 * 105 3,312 132 6,480
Highland 346 251 315 54 341 * 3,139 * 301 5,143 372 10,402
North East: 1,542 404 151 64 456 46 1,024 644 809 3,400 366 8,906
NE Scotland 1,542 404 151 64 456 46 1,024 644 809 3,400 366 8,906
South East: 1,250 1,233 221 81 479 77 1,209 630 507 3,211 335 9,233
Tayside 388 802 105 17 161 14 390 221 203 1,246 132 3,679
Fife 244 198 49 19 103 23 52 149 90 537 66 1,530
Lothian 298 105 37 17 77 25 150 123 66 568 66 1,532
Scottish Borders 320 128 30 28 138 15 617 137 148 860 71 2,492
South West: 542 135 245 83 651 961 4,000 539 367 5,749 464 13,736
East Central 151 23 15 7 83 35 310 112 63 686 55 1,540
Argyll & Bute 15 15 52 7 78 63 859 7 34 802 48 1,980
Clyde Valley 131 26 79 13 148 194 826 97 61 1,528 158 3,261
Ayrshire 103 29 40 16 141 281 693 132 77 1,222 101 2,835
Dumfries
& Galloway
142 42 59 40 201 388 1,312 191 132 1,511 102 4,120
Scotland 3,884 2,263 1,168 324 2,198 1,163 13,546 1,914 2,190 22,242 1,733 52,625

Table C2 Crops, grass and rough grazings for each United Kingdom country, June 2012

  Scotland England Wales Northern
Ireland
United
Kingdom
Number of holdings(1) 52,625 103,804 41,277 24,285 221,991
Crops, fallow and set-aside: hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares
Wheat 100,637 1,856,229 25,614 9,395 1,991,875
Triticale 554 12,559 nc 57 13,169
Barley: Winter 42,816 328,796 7,731 5,323 384,666
Spring 289,222 293,991 14,094 20,211 617,518
Total 332,039 622,787 21,825 25,533 1,002,184
Oats (including mixed grain)(2) 24,480 95,870 4,230 1,879 126,459
Rape for oilseed (including flax(3) and linseed) 36,611 740,459 5,628 813 783,511
Potatoes 29,536 112,150 2,935 4,150 148,771
Peas for combining 682 23,511 na nc 24,193
Beans for combining(4) 3,789 91,189 895 nc 95,873
Maize 1,913 143,066 10,802 1,937 157,718
Turnips, swedes and beet for stockfeeding 4,934 19,053 na 446 24,434
Other crops for stockfeeding(5)(6) 12,976 19,637 8,737 4,207 45,556
Vegetables for human consumption 15,430 106,340 437 1,260 123,467
Orchard and soft fruit 877 30,339 773 1,531 33,521
Bulbs, other flowers and nursery stock 1,174 10,748 281 116 12,319
All other crops 7,764 152,070 2,971 1,695 164,499
Fallow land 15,478 136,106 609 1,196 153,388
Total crops and fallow 588,873 4,172,113 85,737 54,215 4,900,938
Grass:
Under 5 years 428,538 656,213 138,001 133,862 1,356,614
5 years and over 896,649 3,207,517 1,049,087 645,962 5,799,215
Total grass 1,325,187 3,863,730 1,187,088 779,824 7,155,829
Total crops, fallow and grass 1,914,059 8,035,843 1,272,825 834,039 12,056,767
Rough grazing:
Sole right grazing 3,080,483 483,370 222,972 138,842 3,925,667
Common grazing(7) 583,686 398,947 180,305 36,845 1,199,782
Total rough grazing 3,664,168 882,317 403,277 175,687 5,125,449
Total crops, fallow, grass and rough grazing 5,578,228 8,918,160 1,676,102 1,009,726 17,182,216
Woodland 445,425 308,375 62,616 11,043 827,460
Other land 164,147 157,547 10,201 7,058 338,953
Total agricultural area(7) 6,187,800 9,384,082 1,748,919 1,027,827 18,348,628
Total land area(8) 7,880,780 13,043,220 2,078,008 1,412,972 24,414,981
% land agricultural 79% 72% 84% 73% 75%

(1) Refers only to holdings actively engaged in agriculture but non-commercial holdings in England.
(2) Includes rye for England and Wales and triticale for Wales.
(3) Flax not collected for Scotland in 2012.
(4) Wales figures includes peas for combining
(5) Includes lupins.
(6) Wales figures includes turnip swedes and beet for stock feeding
(7) Inclusion of common grazing land brings total agricultural area in Scotland to a higher level than that published in the June agricultural census publication.
(8) As at December 2010. Data source: UK Standard Area Measurements (SAM), published by Office for National Statistics, May 2011.

na Information not available.
nc Information not collected.

Table C3 Agricultural area by Less Favoured Area category, June 2012

  LFA(1) Non-LFA Total
Number of holdings 36,279 16,346 52,625
Crops, fallow and set-aside: hectares hectares hectares
Wheat 7,182 93,455 100,637
Triticale 113 440 554
Barley: Winter 4,857 37,960 42,816
Spring 75,619 213,603 289,222
Total 80,476 251,563 332,039
Oats (including mixed grain) 6,802 17,678 24,480
Rape for oilseed (including linseed) 1,749 34,861 36,611
Potatoes 1,973 27,563 29,536
Peas for combining 77 605 682
Beans for combining 370 3,419 3,789
Turnips, swedes and beet for stockfeeding 2,600 2,335 4,934
Other crops for stockfeeding(2) 10,852 4,037 14,889
Vegetables for human consumption 728 14,702 15,430
Orchard and soft fruit 93 784 877
Bulbs, flowers and nursery stock 281 893 1,174
All other crops 3,542 4,221 7,764
Fallow land: 5 years or less 3,188 8,118 11,306
more than 5 years 3,045 1,127 4,171
Total crops and fallow 123,073 465,800 588,873
Grass:
Under 5 years 276,142 152,395 428,538
5 years and over 772,395 124,254 896,649
Total grass 1,048,537 276,649 1,325,187
Total crops, fallow and grass 1,171,610 742,449 1,914,059
Rough grazing:
Sole right grazing 3,046,391 34,091 3,080,483
Common grazing 583,686 0 583,686
Total rough grazing 3,630,077 34,091 3,664,168
Total crops, fallow, grass and rough grazing 4,801,687 776,541 5,578,228
Woodland 390,530 54,895 445,425
Other land 146,869 17,278 164,147
Total agricultural area 5,339,086 848,714 6,187,800

(1) A holding is classified as LFA if 50% or more of its land is assessed as being disadvantaged or severely
disadvantaged for subsidy purposes.
(2) Includes lupins and maize.
* data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C4 Number of holdings with crops and grass and area of crops and grass by regional grouping and region, June 2012

  North West North East South East South West Scotland
Total Shetland Orkney Eileanan
an Iar
Highland Total Grampian Total Tayside Fife Lothian Scottish
Borders
Total East
Central
Argyll &
Bute
Clyde
Valley
Ayrshire Dumfries
& Galloway
Crops and fallow: holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings
Wheat 120 * * * 110 563 563 1,616 603 316 306 391 327 * * 51 63 163 2,626
Triticale * * * 0 * 8 8 21 10 0 * * 22 * * 6 * 11 54
Barley: Winter 68 0 14 0 54 601 601 829 272 166 133 258 186 19 0 30 28 109 1,684
Spring 1,140 * 464 * 647 2,858 2,858 2,688 1,311 464 401 512 1,528 204 96 343 341 544 8,214
Total 1,150 * 468 * 653 2,930 2,930 2,829 1,330 494 420 585 1,569 209 96 352 344 568 8,478
Oats (including mixed grain) 428 24 29 138 237 325 325 529 192 125 37 175 233 98 8 38 12 77 1,515
Rape for oilseed and linseed * * 0 * * 450 450 718 281 106 137 194 37 16 0 * * 14 1,279
Potatoes 856 62 121 293 380 512 512 1,313 841 217 116 139 127 11 22 21 32 41 2,808
Peas and beans for combining 14 0 0 7 7 19 19 216 49 54 39 74 38 25 0 * * * 287
Turnips, swedes and beet for stockfeeding 404 36 44 32 292 510 510 255 116 45 19 75 130 13 12 24 40 41 1,299
Other crops for stockfeeding(1) 409 69 128 32 180 303 303 487 200 45 49 193 598 29 49 101 90 329 1,797
Vegetables for human consumption 604 48 44 216 296 253 253 805 478 148 89 90 156 12 39 32 31 42 1,818
Orchard and soft fruit 198 * * 46 143 75 75 158 93 25 16 24 96 5 14 41 13 23 527
Bulbs, flowers and nursery stock 47 * * 14 27 39 39 72 46 10 * * 43 * 12 * 8 10 201
All other crops 551 20 150 55 326 672 672 879 325 132 141 281 447 61 * 107 75 * 2,549
Fallow land: 5 years or less 590 14 36 149 391 1,006 1,006 1,011 465 216 179 151 306 54 25 102 55 70 2,913
more than 5 years 516 14 46 176 280 256 256 225 104 48 38 35 211 20 23 78 46 44 1,208
Total crops and fallow 3,421 206 673 741 1,801 3,756 3,756 3,856 1,722 655 593 886 2,728 332 232 631 531 1,002 13,761
Grass and rough grazing:
Grass under 5 years old 5,336 257 931 1,372 2,776 5,120 5,120 4,286 1,775 698 670 1,143 4,684 585 391 * * 1,664 19,426
Grass 5 years old and over 13,854 1,420 1,477 4,272 6,685 5,975 5,975 6,592 2,450 1,043 1,070 2,029 10,702 1,127 1,420 2,493 2,269 3,393 37,123
Sole right grazing 10,267 1,274 926 2,559 5,508 3,332 3,332 3,043 1,212 504 412 915 5,521 509 1,273 1,139 987 1,613 22,163
Common grazing 1,039 160 20 311 548 6 6 0 0 0 0 0 68 0 59 * * 0 1,113
Total grass and rough grazing 20,988 2,004 1,950 6,614 10,420 8,261 8,261 8,319 3,249 1,368 1,351 2,351 13,154 1,439 1,979 3,057 2,709 3,970 50,722
Woodland 2,231 54 56 149 1,972 2,427 2,427 2,922 945 424 474 1,079 3,731 473 489 3,055 2,702 1,239 11,311
Other land 5,509 703 791 744 3,271 3,970 3,970 4,094 1,595 650 647 1,202 6,160 680 1,021 833 688 1,956 19,733
Total agricultural area 21,758 2,016 2,032 6,787 10,923 8,911 8,911 9,230 3,676 1,530 1,532 2,492 13,800 1,540 2,039 3,263 2,839 4,119 53,699
Crops and fallow: hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares
Wheat 3,627 * * * 3,596 16,352 16,352 74,977 21,733 13,672 17,165 22,408 5,682 * * 822 865 2,996 100,637
Triticale * * * 0 * 105 105 188 73 0 * * 256 * * 88 * 135 554
Barley: Winter 1,023 0 25 0 998 18,360 18,360 20,939 5,934 3,824 3,488 7,693 2,495 267 0 304 211 1,713 42,816
Spring 27,761 * 4,262 * 23,401 112,411 112,411 115,448 58,302 20,306 17,326 19,514 33,603 6,942 1,607 7,088 6,797 11,169 289,222
Total 28,784 * 4,286 * 24,399 130,771 130,771 136,387 64,235 24,130 20,815 27,207 36,097 7,209 1,607 7,392 7,008 12,882 332,039
Oats (including mixed grain) 2,736 25 108 286 2,318 4,342 4,342 13,657 4,822 3,600 671 4,564 3,745 2,199 25 529 54 938 24,480
Rape for oilseed and linseed * * 0 * * 12,708 12,708 21,653 7,151 2,796 4,262 7,444 694 305 0 * * 300 36,611
Potatoes 1,506 18 38 36 1,414 5,618 5,618 21,751 14,147 3,173 1,990 2,442 661 46 12 33 292 279 29,536
Peas and beans for combining 82 0 0 0 81 205 205 3,654 707 723 749 1,475 530 289 0 * * * 4,471
Turnips, swedes and beet for stockfeeding 876 12 55 10 799 1,934 1,934 1,399 624 226 99 451 726 82 52 119 242 231 4,934
Other crops for stockfeeding(1) 1,567 73 639 40 816 1,975 1,975 4,677 1,532 316 714 2,116 6,669 152 398 798 878 4,443 14,889
Vegetables for human consumption 379 6 14 19 340 1,991 1,991 12,847 7,772 2,380 1,264 1,431 215 63 6 69 47 29 15,430
Orchard and soft fruit 42 * * 5 37 66 66 721 636 63 12 10 48 2 3 32 2 9 877
Bulbs, flowers and nursery stock 34 * * 2 31 402 402 599 546 11 * * 139 * 21 * 10 91 1,174
All other crops 1,083 13 192 17 861 1,877 1,877 3,292 1,454 442 438 958 1,512 275 * 482 184 * 7,764
Fallow land: 5 years or less 1,634 18 112 257 1,248 3,355 3,355 4,703 2,270 1,099 656 678 1,615 405 45 728 140 297 11,306
more than 5 years 2,572 6 165 140 2,261 597 597 601 195 54 227 125 402 77 24 211 58 33 4,172
Total crops and fallow 46,481 269 5,641 813 39,758 182,295 182,295 301,107 127,896 52,684 49,119 71,408 58,990 12,077 2,292 11,456 9,864 23,301 588,873
Grass and rough grazing:
Grass under 5 years old 63,159 1,028 19,969 1,836 40,326 129,329 129,329 105,751 35,244 14,229 13,472 42,806 130,299 14,552 8,631 * * 59,085 428,538
Grass 5 years old and over 185,331 25,580 30,888 24,930 103,934 76,206 76,206 194,678 67,676 17,082 25,084 84,836 440,434 36,370 59,182 77,820 98,240 168,822 896,649
Sole right grazing 1,565,821 55,564 32,620 61,877 1,415,761 213,697 213,697 527,483 343,690 4,906 30,903 147,984 773,482 104,941 340,436 76,955 89,896 161,254 3,080,483
Common grazing(2) 568,380 65,877 2,278 215,993 284,232 5,028 5,028 0 0 0 0 0 10,278 0 8,939 * * 0 583,686
Total grass and rough grazing 2,382,691 148,048 85,755 304,635 1,844,252 424,261 424,261 827,911 446,610 36,217 69,459 275,626 1,354,493 155,863 417,189 154,775 188,135 389,160 4,989,355
Woodland 168,381 37 79 594 167,671 63,221 63,221 81,800 37,678 4,830 9,281 30,012 132,023 16,112 47,050 16,229 16,509 36,123 445,425
Other land 77,340 1,358 1,006 775 74,201 21,394 21,394 18,776 10,056 1,783 2,845 4,092 46,637 5,471 18,903 5,940 6,038 10,286 164,147
Total agricultural area 2,674,893 149,713 92,481 306,817 2,125,882 691,170 691,170 1,229,594 622,239 95,513 130,704 381,138 1,592,143 189,522 485,433 188,401 220,546 458,871 6,187,800

 

(1) See Table C3, note 2.
(2) See Table C2, note 7.
* data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C5 Number of holdings and area by regional grouping, region and size of holding, June 2012(1)

  0-<2
hectares
2-<5
hectares
5-<10
hectares
10-<20
hectares
20-<50
hectares
50-<100
hectares
100-<200
hectares
200 +
hectares
Total
holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings holdings
North West 5,250 5,321 3,074 2,410 2,005 993 688 1,009 20,750
Shetland 165 300 323 331 381 163 116 77 1,856
Orkney 386 376 228 270 335 214 124 79 2,012
Eileanan an Iar 2,300 2,036 1,071 705 230 73 24 41 6,480
Highland 2,399 2,609 1,452 1,104 1,059 543 424 812 10,402
North East 1,314 1,956 938 786 1,256 1,164 925 567 8,906
NE Scotland 1,314 1,956 938 786 1,256 1,164 925 567 8,906
South East 1,465 1,607 927 676 963 1,039 1,159 1,397 9,233
Tayside 560 611 333 241 441 491 493 509 3,679
Fife 355 272 141 94 139 190 209 130 1,530
Lothian 219 341 180 116 160 163 175 178 1,532
Scottish Borders 331 383 273 225 223 195 282 580 2,492
South West 1,729 2,234 1,421 1,273 1,957 1,984 1,647 1,491 13,736
East Central 193 255 169 160 234 200 181 148 1,540
Argyll & Bute 228 282 205 206 259 243 166 391 1,980
Clyde Valley 376 615 370 325 548 530 296 201 3,261
Ayrshire 311 499 288 282 429 455 359 212 2,835
Dumfries
& Galloway
621 583 389 300 487 556 645 539 4,120
Scotland 9,758 11,118 6,360 5,145 6,181 5,180 4,419 4,464 52,625
  hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares hectares
North West 6,164 16,740 21,936 34,072 63,996 70,478 96,627 1,796,500 2,106,513
Shetland 175 1,032 2,413 4,667 12,595 11,440 15,927 35,586 83,835
Orkney 395 1,221 1,617 3,921 10,991 15,249 17,291 39,519 90,203
Eileanan an Iar 2,736 6,154 7,670 9,684 6,661 4,997 3,465 49,457 90,825
Highland 2,858 8,333 10,235 15,800 33,749 38,792 59,943 1,671,939 1,841,650
North East 1,468 6,205 6,683 11,427 41,889 84,372 129,136 404,962 686,142
NE Scotland 1,468 6,205 6,683 11,427 41,889 84,372 129,136 404,962 686,142
South East 1,525 5,112 6,598 9,603 32,018 75,676 167,798 931,264 1,229,594
Tayside 587 1,922 2,362 3,491 14,631 35,679 69,812 493,754 622,239
Fife 359 851 1,018 1,334 4,666 14,019 29,294 43,973 95,513
Lothian 235 1,101 1,303 1,639 5,459 11,820 25,958 83,189 130,703
Scottish Borders 345 1,238 1,916 3,139 7,262 14,157 42,734 310,348 381,138
South West 1,789 7,225 10,122 18,215 65,193 144,001 231,042 1,104,279 1,581,865
East Central 201 807 1,203 2,321 7,659 14,273 25,322 137,736 189,522
Argyll & Bute 245 915 1,476 2,937 8,416 17,616 23,965 420,923 476,494
Clyde Valley 414 1,990 2,619 4,645 18,140 38,396 40,501 109,924 216,627
Ayrshire 327 1,622 2,037 4,038 14,887 32,692 49,587 135,163 240,352
Dumfries
& Galloway
603 1,892 2,788 4,274 16,091 41,024 91,667 300,533 458,871
Scotland 10,946 35,283 45,338 73,317 203,096 374,527 624,603 4,237,005 5,604,114

(1) This table includes the area of farm woodlands and other farm land but excludes the area of common grazings (cf. table C2).

Table C6 Number of holdings with crops and grass and area of crops and grass by region and size group, June 2012

Hectares North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Hectares Holdings Hectares Holdings Hectares Holdings Hectares Holdings Hectares
<2 4,204 4,558 1,178 1,306 1,202 1,256 1,362 1,377 7,946 8,496
2-<5 3,893 12,329 1,573 4,973 1,311 4,171 1,690 5,447 8,467 26,920
5-<10 2,338 16,559 813 5,720 773 5,499 1,155 8,279 5,079 36,057
10-<20 1,884 26,676 701 10,242 544 7,893 1,103 15,837 4,232 60,649
20-<50 1,578 49,489 1,218 40,692 942 31,749 1,975 66,689 5,713 188,618
50-<100 786 55,492 1,129 81,597 1,095 79,580 2,054 149,477 5,064 366,147
100-<200 438 60,569 874 121,415 1,243 179,087 1,538 211,337 4,093 572,407
200 & over 210 69,300 376 121,885 855 292,301 521 171,279 1,962 654,766
Total 15,331 294,971 7,862 387,830 7,965 601,535 11,398 629,723 42,556 1,914,059

Table C7 Number of holdings by size group and farm type, June 2012

Holdings

Hectares Cereals General
cropping
Horticulture Specialist
pigs
Specialist
poultry
Dairy Cattle
& sheep
(LFA)
Cattle
& sheep
(Lowland)
Mixed grass &
forage
Other Total
Under 10 503 447 941 248 1,763 40 4,549 1,094 544 15,895 1,256 27,280
10-<20 320 84 82 25 210 13 1,587 177 102 2,369 131 5,100
20-<50 845 272 60 22 155 100 1,934 288 249 2,111 146 6,182
50-<100 899 482 34 17 38 376 1,699 207 437 906 85 5,180
100-<200 825 561 24 7 19 470 1,500 104 471 384 54 4,419
200 & over 492 417 27 5 13 164 2,277 44 387 577 61 4,464
Total 3,884 2,263 1,168 324 2,198 1,163 13,546 1,914 2,190 22,242 1,733 52,625

Table C8 Number of livestock for each United Kingdom country, June 2012

Number

  Scotland England Wales Northern
Ireland
United
Kingdom
Cattle:
Dairy cows(1) 182,184 1,120,536 274,686 285,369 1,862,775
Dairy heifers in calf for the first time 40,672 nc nc 65,447 na
Beef cows(1) 452,438 742,260 226,150 279,195 1,700,043
Beef heifers in calf for the first time 43,518 nc nc 40,864 na
Bulls for service 21,656 nc nc 19,016 na
Other dairy and beef heifers for breeding 130,753 nc nc 83,195 na
Prime cattle(2) 386,940 nc nc 368,504 na
Cattle under one year 530,309 1,572,050 319,182 483,856 2,905,397
Total cattle(3) 1,788,470 5,373,118 1,113,140 1,625,446 9,900,174
Sheep:
Ewes for breeding 2,623,656 5,445,748 4,169,279 806,092 13,044,775
Rams for service 86,694 177,720 101,017 26,476 391,907
Other sheep one year old and over for breeding 666,114 1,042,098 nc 131,362 na
Others(4) 87,668 531,369 75,222 14,986 709,245
Lambs 3,271,842 7,414,952 4,552,665 989,956 16,229,415
Total sheep 6,735,974 14,611,887 8,898,183 1,968,872 32,214,916
Pigs:
Female breeding herd: Total 31,881 351,175 4,474 38,331 425,861
Gilts 50kg and over for breeding 5,265 71,800 581 4,273 81,919
Boars for service 1,308 13,685 415 664 16,072
Barren Sows for fattening 941 nc 282 700 na
Other pigs: 20kg and over(5) 225,987 2,288,291 18,371 249,675 2,782,324
Under 20kg 98,057 936,925 5,123 133,281 1,173,386
Total 363,439 3,225,216 23,494 382,956 3,995,105
Total pigs 363,439 3,661,876 28,665 426,924 4,480,904
Poultry:
Fowls in laying flock: Hens in 1st laying season 3,038,307 nc nc 2,556,099 na
Moulted hens 44,295 nc nc 642 na
Total 3,082,602 nc 1,598,311 2,556,741 na
Pullets being reared for laying 1,379,620 na 313,551 1,089,206 na
Fowls for breeding 1,054,325 na 408,699 1,641,094 na
Total laying and breeding fowls 5,516,547 33,508,797 2,320,561 5,287,041 46,632,946
Broilers/other table fowls 9,074,234 74,271,691 5,752,630 13,459,392 102,557,947
Other poultry(6)(7) 103,207 10,150,313 175,034 441,749 10,870,303
Total poultry 14,693,988 117,930,801 8,248,225 19,188,182 160,061,196
Goats and kids 3,783 83,938 6,948 3,133 97,802
Deer 6,121 20,967 1,000 3,064 31,152
Horses:
Horses used in agriculture or horticulture 860 nc nc nc na
All other horses and ponies 36,425 nc nc nc na
Total horses 37,285 214,745 51,055 12,007 315,092
Camelids:
Alpacas 585 12,916 nc nc na
Llamas 283 2,035 nc nc na
Other camelids 77 nc nc nc na
Total camelids 945 na nc nc na
Other livestock 1,290 4,275 nc nc na

(1) Cows and heifers in milk and cows in calf but not in milk.
na Information not available.
(2) Male and female cattle one year old and over, not for breeding.
nc Information not collected.
(3) In England and Wales data is obtained from the Cattle Tracing System and in Northern Ireland data from the Animal and Public Health Information System is used.
(4) Includes draft and cast ewes, and wethers in England and Wales.
(5) Includes barren sows for fattening in England.
(6) Includes turkeys, ducks, geese and guinea fowl.
(7) Includes ostriches in England and Wales.

Table C9 Number of livestock by Less Favoured Area(2) category, June 2012

Cattle: LFA(1) Non-LFA Total
Dairy cows(3) 123,808 58,376 182,184
Dairy heifers in calf for the first time 27,027 13,645 40,672
Beef cows(3) 369,207 83,231 452,438
Beef heifers in calf for the first time 33,799 9,719 43,518
Bulls for service 16,903 4,753 21,656
Other dairy and beef heifers for breeding 95,357 35,396 130,753
Prime cattle(4) 227,476 159,464 386,940
Cattle under one year 409,396 120,913 530,309
Total cattle 1,302,973 485,497 1,788,470
Sheep:
Ewes for breeding 2,380,261 243,395 2,623,656
Rams for service 77,071 9,623 86,694
Other sheep one year old and over for breeding 603,831 62,283 666,114
Others(5) 75,665 12,003 87,668
Lambs 2,893,885 377,957 3,271,842
Total sheep 6,030,713 705,261 6,735,974
Pigs:
Female breeding herd: Total 6,206 25,675 31,881
Gilts 50kg and over for breeding 750 4,515 5,265
Boars for service 510 798 1,308
Barren sows for fattening 284 657 941
Other pigs: 20kg and over 35,278 190,709 225,987
Under 20kg 17,598 80,459 98,057
Total 52,876 271,168 324,044
Total pigs 60,626 302,813 363,439
Poultry:
Fowls in laying flock: Hens in 1st laying season 1,314,837 1,723,470 3,038,307
Moulted hens 31,429 12,866 44,295
Total 1,346,266 1,736,336 3,082,602
Pullets being reared for laying 206,576 1,173,044 1,379,620
Fowls for breeding 258,353 795,972 1,054,325
Broilers and other table fowls 955,766 8,118,468 9,074,234
Other poultry(6) 82,641 20,566 103,207
Total poultry 2,849,602 11,844,386 14,693,988
Goats and kids 2,465 1,318 3,783
Deer 4,869 1,252 6,121
Horses:
Horses used in agriculture or horticulture 525 335 860
All other horses and ponies 20,320 16,105 36,425
Total horses 20,845 16,440 37,285
Camelids:
Alpacas 375 210 585
Llamas * * 283
Other camelids * * 77
Total camelids 589 356 945
Other livestock 737 553 1,290

(1) & (2) See notes to table C3.
(3) See note 1 to table C8.
(4) See note 2 to table C8.
(5) See note 4 to table C8.
(6) See note 6 to table C8.
* data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C10 (i) Number of holdings with livestock by regional grouping and region, June 2012

Holdings

  North West North East South East South West
Total Shetland Orkney Eileanan
an Iar
Highland Total Grampian Total Tayside Fife Lothian Scottish
Borders
Total East
Central
Argyll &
Bute
Clyde
Valley
Ayrshire Dumfries
& Galloway
Scotland
Dairy cattle:
Dairy cows(1) 136 9 32 12 83 101 101 144 34 39 40 31 1,108 50 86 225 311 436 1,489
Heifers in calf for the first time 152 8 29 36 79 107 107 137 36 43 36 22 1,033 46 76 214 299 398 1,429
Other female cattle(2) 77 7 20 13 37 76 76 116 30 37 33 16 976 41 76 210 276 373 1,245
Total dairy cattle 276 10 46 55 165 175 175 205 57 53 53 42 1,294 65 114 270 352 493 1,950
Beef cattle:
Beef cows(1) 2,658 149 500 411 1,598 1,558 1,558 1,564 586 208 198 572 3,173 299 539 647 582 1,106 8,953
Heifers in calf for the first time 1,223 57 293 140 733 870 870 855 329 122 101 303 1,803 174 251 387 344 647 4,751
Other female cattle for breeding(3) 1,633 81 308 237 1,007 893 893 1,096 400 153 132 411 2,402 202 429 472 454 845 6,024
Prime cattle(4) 1,747 94 502 192 959 1,818 1,818 1,595 588 255 230 522 3,240 301 377 672 699 1,191 8,400
Total beef cattle 3,188 172 553 519 1,944 2,329 2,329 2,070 799 310 285 676 4,318 420 648 875 866 1,509 11,905
Other cattle:
Bulls 1,522 90 433 84 915 1,333 1,333 1,382 503 200 171 508 3,121 250 425 598 645 1,203 7,358
Cattle under one year old 2,635 154 512 394 1,575 1,757 1,757 1,694 627 242 233 592 3,964 325 586 791 816 1,446 10,050
Total cattle 3,266 179 561 535 1,991 2,393 2,393 2,123 814 321 296 692 4,598 429 669 932 927 1,641 12,380
Sheep:
Ewes for breeding 6,121 1,108 438 2,065 2,510 1,305 1,305 1,857 632 173 236 816 3,379 315 703 630 586 1,145 12,662
Other sheep one year old and over for 4,888 921 310 1,622 2,035 758 758 1,412 487 110 162 653 2,502 226 584 459 411 822 9,560
breeding:
Rams for service 4,532 874 367 1,466 1,825 1,106 1,106 1,571 534 139 194 704 2,911 268 602 536 503 1,002 10,120
Lambs 5,995 1,065 454 1,971 2,505 1,420 1,420 1,932 661 188 254 829 3,416 330 698 638 595 1,155 12,763
Other sheep not for breeding 2,788 485 235 1,066 1,002 533 533 700 248 83 103 266 1,204 119 304 186 192 403 5,225
Total sheep 6,950 1,204 528 2,285 2,933 1,717 1,717 2,220 751 239 301 929 3,865 370 777 717 690 1,311 14,752
Pigs:
Female breeding herd(5) 168 11 27 25 105 118 118 120 35 16 27 42 153 15 27 26 23 62 559
All other non-breeding pigs 358 27 45 55 231 281 281 258 81 46 57 74 315 41 44 61 58 111 1,212
Total pigs 399 29 55 65 250 295 295 279 85 49 58 87 355 43 51 67 61 133 1,328
Poultry:
Fowls for producing eggs 2,176 258 315 408 1,195 935 935 1,137 388 218 172 359 1,653 197 254 327 313 562 5,901
Fowls for breeding(6) 1,181 137 194 232 618 515 515 533 182 93 97 161 858 112 125 165 142 314 3,087
Broilers and other table fowls and 1,066 154 209 152 551 572 572 552 190 101 95 166 816 97 122 170 158 269 3,006
other poultry
Total poultry 2,401 296 350 440 1,315 1,106 1,106 1,337 463 253 205 416 1,899 224 288 395 356 636 6,743
Goats and kids 197 19 48 11 119 164 164 175 73 35 31 36 215 23 26 44 51 71 751
Deer 19 0 * 0 * 13 13 23 14 * * * 28 * 6 * 8 8 83
Horses:
Horses used in agriculture or horticulture 66 12 5 14 35 31 31 61 22 9 7 23 93 * * 20 23 38 251
All other horses and ponies 1,359 184 180 130 865 1,462 1,462 1,912 626 327 354 605 2,253 * * 584 483 719 6,986
Total horses 1,400 191 182 142 885 1,480 1,480 1,938 634 333 357 614 2,304 287 190 593 493 741 7,122
Camelids 28 * * * 20 24 24 30 8 * * 11 54 5 6 14 9 20 136
Other livestock 39 * 7 * 27 38 38 57 16 12 10 19 102 16 17 13 21 35 236

(1) Cows and heifers in milk and cows in calf but not in milk.
(2) Female dairy cattle one year old and over for breeding.
(3) Female beef cattle one year old and over for breeding.
(4) Male and female cattle one year old and over, not for breeding.
(5) Sows in pig, gilts in pig and other sows for breeding.
(6) Hens laying eggs to hatch layer and table chicks and cocks.
*data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C10(ii) Number of livestock by regional grouping and region, June 2012

Number

  North West North East South East South West Scotland
Total Shetland Orkney Eileanan
an Iar
Highland Total Grampian Total Tayside Fife Lothian Scottish
Borders
Total East
Central
Argyll &
Bute
Clyde
Valley
Ayrshire Dumfries
& Galloway
Dairy cattle:
Dairy cows(1) 4,969 456 2,689 68 1,756 9,987 9,987 15,269 3,995 4,218 3,227 3,829 151,959 5,761 7,730 23,679 40,259 74,530 182,184
Heifers in calf for the first time 1,023 89 517 55 362 2,410 2,410 4,186 991 1,230 691 1,274 33,053 1,199 1,842 5,732 8,565 15,715 40,672
Other female cattle(2) 945 96 419 28 402 2,156 2,156 3,935 1,056 1,495 814 570 35,719 1,815 2,202 6,640 9,584 15,478 42,755
Total dairy cattle 6,937 641 3,625 151 2,520 14,553 14,553 23,390 6,042 6,943 4,732 5,673 220,731 8,775 11,774 36,051 58,408 105,723 265,611
Beef cattle:
Beef cows(1) 79,788 1,781 26,385 2,772 48,850 89,995 89,995 104,467 34,524 12,654 13,138 44,151 178,188 12,438 20,469 29,622 30,342 85,317 452,438
Heifers in calf for the first time 6,866 187 2,290 294 4,095 10,254 10,254 9,093 3,714 1,035 1,109 3,235 17,305 1,527 1,951 3,493 2,915 7,419 43,518
Other female cattle for breeding(3) 12,421 302 3,274 788 8,057 17,522 17,522 20,343 6,830 2,458 2,300 8,755 37,712 2,740 4,738 6,337 6,496 17,401 87,998
Prime cattle(4) 41,455 481 21,725 608 18,641 116,602 116,602 77,518 24,231 12,709 12,199 28,379 151,365 10,948 5,837 26,950 33,686 73,944 386,940
Total beef cattle 140,530 2,751 53,674 4,462 79,643 234,373 234,373 211,421 69,299 28,856 28,746 84,520 384,570 27,653 32,995 66,402 73,439 184,081 970,894
Other cattle:
Bulls 3,653 120 1,294 103 2,136 3,902 3,902 4,700 1,530 568 579 2,023 9,401 632 963 1,650 1,753 4,403 21,656
Cattle under one year old 73,999 1,830 26,692 2,389 43,088 93,594 93,594 107,524 35,505 14,740 14,719 42,560 255,192 15,228 22,336 42,057 53,501 122,070 530,309
Total cattle 225,119 5,342 85,285 7,105 127,387 346,422 346,422 347,035 112,376 51,107 48,776 134,776 869,894 52,288 68,068 146,160 187,101 416,277 1,788,470
Sheep:
Ewes for breeding 599,984 122,753 43,638 75,653 357,940 217,698 217,698 786,466 242,224 31,639 74,418 438,185 1,019,508 109,472 190,854 157,047 180,731 381,404 2,623,656
Other sheep one year old and over 150,746 29,691 10,813 17,664 92,578 52,475 52,475 210,585 65,567 6,630 18,087 120,301 252,308 25,752 46,655 42,354 42,619 94,928 666,114
for breeding
Rams for service 21,013 3,940 1,748 3,076 12,249 8,305 8,305 24,500 7,489 1,065 2,522 13,424 32,876 3,572 6,462 5,373 5,449 12,020 86,694
Lambs 627,358 118,708 60,671 65,854 382,125 311,252 311,252 1,067,098 300,361 49,344 102,813 614,580 1,266,134 132,322 188,981 207,925 233,262 503,644 3,271,842
Other sheep not for breeding 32,082 5,701 3,578 9,149 13,654 10,324 10,324 21,127 11,690 1,275 2,326 5,836 24,135 3,466 5,385 4,350 4,842 6,092 87,668
Total sheep 1,431,183 280,793 120,448 171,396 858,546 600,054 600,054 2,109,776 627,331 89,953 200,166 1,192,326 2,594,961 274,584 438,337 417,049 466,903 998,088 6,735,974
Pigs:
Female breeding herd(5) 1,906 24 75 58 1,749 20,151 20,151 8,161 3,462 404 2,986 1,309 1,663 54 100 505 76 928 31,881
All other non-breeding pigs 19,889 153 611 198 18,927 214,490 214,490 78,224 32,373 6,118 25,121 14,612 18,955 319 850 4,606 644 12,536 331,558
Total pigs 21,795 177 686 256 20,676 234,641 234,641 86,385 35,835 6,522 28,107 15,921 20,618 373 950 5,111 720 13,464 363,439
Poultry:
Fowls for producing eggs 137,718 3,669 6,339 4,811 122,899 660,753 660,753 3,001,534 284,433 1,232,488 83,617 1,400,996 662,217 3,409 10,613 54,032 311,282 282,881 4,462,222
Fowls for breeding(6) 4,393 375 901 745 2,372 26,456 26,456 522,456 176,693 139,422 73,872 132,469 501,020 54,464 532 131,613 107,262 207,149 1,054,325
Broilers and other table fowls
and other poultry
130,235 1,569 3,417 1,221 124,028 2,018,803 2,018,803 5,833,350 2,574,616 620,169 1,670,760 967,805 1,195,053 880,998 1,472 5,368 39,577 267,638 9,177,441
Total poultry 272,346 5,613 10,657 6,777 249,299 2,706,012 2,706,012 9,357,340 3,035,742 1,992,079 1,828,249 2,501,270 2,358,290 938,871 12,617 191,013 458,121 757,668 14,693,988
Goats and kids 973 79 203 41 650 717 717 848 350 189 174 135 1,245 91 127 170 340 517 3,783
Deer 1,329 0 * 0 * 1,462 1,462 1,577 670 * * * 1,753 * 484 * 101 649 6,121
Horses:
Horses used in agriculture or horticulture 185 59 7 26 93 127 127 301 71 170 24 36 247 * * 69 59 74 860
All other horses and ponies 5,651 1,274 698 296 3,383 7,545 7,545 11,366 3,560 2,000 2,838 2,968 11,863 * * 3,569 2,758 2,930 36,425
Total horses 5,836 1,333 705 322 3,476 7,672 7,672 11,667 3,631 2,170 2,862 3,004 12,110 1,681 970 3,638 2,817 3,004 37,285
Camelids 155 * * * 91 221 221 148 32 * * 30 421 39 115 85 33 149 945
Other livestock 138 * 19 * 105 146 146 463 249 45 103 66 543 63 151 49 66 214 1,290

(1) Cows and heifers in milk and cows in calf but not in milk.
(2) Female dairy cattle one year old and over for breeding.
(3) Female beef cattle one year old and over for breeding.
(4) Male and female cattle one year old and over, not for breeding.
(5) Sows in pig, gilts in pig and other sows for breeding.
(6) Hens laying eggs to hatch layer and table chicks and cocks.
* data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C11 Number of holdings with dairy cows(1) and number of dairy cows by region and size group, June 2012

Herd
size
North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number
1-4 62 105 23 41 24 40 90 159 199 345
5-19 24 247 5 37 17 172 43 482 89 938
20-49 14 477 18 548 11 350 60 2,188 103 3,563
50-74 * * * * 16 1,069 114 7,106 157 9,846
75-99 * * * * 17 1,432 146 12,883 168 14,726
100-149 9 1,129 19 2,390 27 3,214 282 34,846 337 41,579
150 & over 10 1,914 21 5,986 32 8,992 373 94,295 436 111,187
Total 136 4,969 101 9,987 144 15,269 1,108 151,959 1,489 182,184

(1) Cows and heifers in milk and cows in calf but not in milk.
* means data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C12 Number of holdings with beef cows(1) and number of beef cows by region and size group, June 2012

Herd
size
North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number
1-4 759 1,860 180 422 137 318 376 880 1,452 3,480
5-19 897 9,409 304 3,633 243 2,981 675 7,370 2,119 23,393
20-49 506 16,093 395 13,083 424 14,377 841 28,131 2,166 71,684
50-74 192 11,689 246 15,092 262 16,037 471 28,718 1,171 71,536
75-99 113 9,741 153 13,182 163 14,079 321 27,628 750 64,630
100-149 110 13,175 156 18,513 186 22,312 273 32,823 725 86,823
150 & over 81 17,821 124 26,070 149 34,363 216 52,638 570 130,892
Total 2,658 79,788 1,558 89,995 1,564 104,467 3,173 178,188 8,953 452,438

(1) Cows and heifers in milk and cows in calf but not in milk.

Table C13 Number of holdings with prime cattle(1) and number of prime cattle by region and size group, June 2012

Herd
size
North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number
1-4 752 1,479 330 680 328 692 732 1,550 2,142 4,401
5-19 414 4,111 406 4,462 400 4,390 854 9,503 2,074 22,466
20-49 311 9,898 420 13,610 369 12,098 744 24,041 1,844 59,647
50-74 118 7,200 216 13,137 188 11,574 345 21,092 867 53,003
75-99 69 5,922 131 11,363 122 10,476 173 14,788 495 42,549
100-149 55 6,385 137 16,707 88 10,553 187 21,980 467 55,625
150 & over 28 6,460 178 56,643 100 27,735 205 58,411 511 149,249
Total 1,747 41,455 1,818 116,602 1,595 77,518 3,240 151,365 8,400 386,940

(1) Male and female cattle one year old and over, not for breeding.

Table C14 Number of holdings with breeding ewes and number of breeding ewes by region and size group, June 2012

Flock
size
North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number
1-24 2,318 29,312 377 3,742 416 4,020 682 7,257 3,793 44,331
25-49 1,356 47,351 153 5,611 127 4,587 342 12,072 1,978 69,621
50-99 995 69,714 206 14,491 133 9,549 367 26,695 1,701 120,449
100-199 670 93,884 228 32,938 190 27,982 477 70,091 1,565 224,895
200-299 290 69,717 135 33,020 156 38,044 343 83,938 924 224,719
300-499 252 99,138 114 43,364 241 94,223 486 189,000 1,093 425,725
500-699 121 71,481 39 23,032 168 98,059 261 156,049 589 348,621
700-999 77 62,428 23 19,061 185 153,270 214 176,202 499 410,961
1000 & over 42 56,959 30 42,439 241 356,732 207 298,204 520 754,334
Total 6,121 599,984 1,305 217,698 1,857 786,466 3,379 1,019,508 12,662 2,623,656

Table C15 Number of holdings with female breeding pigs(1) and number of female breeding pigs by region and size group, June 2012

Herd
size
North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number
1-4 143 255 66 135 74 153 120 225 403 768
5-49 20 182 13 206 * * * * 86 1,013
50-99 0 0 * * * * 0 0 8 594
100-249 * * * * 6 823 * * 15 2,228
250 & over * * 28 18,480 13 6,690 * * 47 27,278
Total 168 1,906 118 20,151 120 8,161 153 1,663 559 31,881

(1) Sows and gilts in pig and other sows for breeding.
* means data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C16 Number of holdings with fattening pigs(1) and number of fattening pigs by region and size group, June 2012

Herd
size
North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number
1-9 191 573 96 283 126 370 183 540 596 1,766
10-199 24 652 33 2,153 33 1,139 39 1,546 129 5,490
200 & over 12 12,412 81 143,021 36 50,966 6 12,332 135 218,731
Total 227 13,637 210 145,457 195 52,475 228 14,418 860 225,987

(1) Non-breeding pigs, 20kg liveweight and over, excluding Barren Sows.

Table C17 Number of holdings with fowls for food by region and size group, June 2012

Flock
size
North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number
1-19 1,762 14,368 727 5,531 813 6,423 1,270 10,085 4,572 36,407
20-49 329 9,124 129 3,489 197 5,410 277 7,805 932 25,828
50-99 40 2,499 24 1,579 32 2,108 44 2,769 140 8,955
100-999 38 9,133 29 6,469 34 6,591 34 9,247 135 31,440
1000 & over 7 102,594 26 643,685 61 2,981,002 28 632,311 122 4,359,592
Total 2,176 137,718 935 660,753 1,137 3,001,534 1,653 662,217 5,901 4,462,222

Table C18 Number of holdings with breeding fowls(1) and number of breeding fowls by region and size group, June 2012

Flock
size
North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number
1-4 356 814 150 325 138 285 236 506 880 1,930
5-9 115 707 41 236 41 268 63 404 260 1,615
10-19 41 558 23 285 18 216 30 375 112 1,434
20-49 * * 10 253 * * 18 517 51 1,371
50-999 * * * * * * 6 390 16 1,061
1000-9999 0 0 0 0 * * * * 10 77,983
10000 and over 0 0 * * 16 422,867 * * 32 861,744
Total 531 2,774 229 23,594 229 469,822 372 450,948 1,361 947,138

(1) Female laying eggs to hatch layer and table chicks.
* means data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C19 Number of occupiers, spouses and employees by Less Favoured Area category, June 2012

  LFA(1) Non-LFA Total
Working occupiers:
Full-time 6,279 3,296 9,575
Part-time: Half time or more 3,018 982 4,000
Less than half time 10,418 3,588 14,006
Total working occupiers 19,715 7,866 27,581
Occupiers not working on the holding 496 309 805
Working wife/husband of occupier:
Full-time 1,320 536 1,856
Part-time: Half time or more 1,614 573 2,187
Less than half time 6,530 2,803 9,333
Total working wife/husband of occupier 9,464 3,912 13,376
Spouses not working on the holding 840 563 1,403
Full-time employees:
Male: Partners 1,408 968 2,376
Hired 3,356 4,215 7,571
Family 1,199 720 1,919
Female: Partners 193 134 327
Hired 304 679 983
Family 205 106 311
Total full-time employees 6,665 6,822 13,487
Part-time employees:
Male: Partners 470 231 701
Hired 1,334 998 2,332
Family 1,341 457 1,798
Female: Partners 230 135 365
Hired 585 761 1,346
Family 697 253 950
Total part-time employees 4,657 2,835 7,492
Casual and seasonal employees:
Male 1,502 2,851 4,353
Female 331 1,808 2,139
Total casual and seasonal employees 1,833 4,659 6,492
Total employees 13,155 14,316 27,471
Total workforce (including occupiers and spouses) 42,334 26,094 68,428

(1) A holding is classified as LFA if 50% or more of its land is assessed as being disadvantaged or severely disadvantaged for subsidy purposes.

Table C20 Number of occupiers and spouses by age group, June 2012

Working occupiers: Under 41 41 to 54 55 to 64 Over 64 Total
Full-time 797 3,333 2,751 2,694 9,575
Part-time: Half time or more 382 1,275 1,050 1,293 4,000
Less than half time 1,862 4,653 3,605 3,886 14,006
Total working occupiers 3,041 9,261 7,406 7,873 27,581
Occupiers not working on the holding 180 141 159 325 805
Working wife/husband of occupier:
Full-time 185 649 547 475 1,856
Part-time: Half time or more 248 831 619 489 2,187
Less than half time 1,365 3,646 2,490 1,832 9,333
Total working wife/husband of occupier 1,798 5,126 3,656 2,796 13,376
Spouses not working on the holding 374 377 309 343 1,403

Table C21 (i) Number of holdings(1) with occupiers, spouses and employees by regional grouping and region, June 2012

Holdings

  North West North East South East South West
Total Shetland Orkney Eileanan
an Iar
Highland Total Grampian Total Tayside Fife Lothian Scottish
Borders
Total East
Central
Argyll &
Bute
Clyde
Valley
Ayrshire Dumfries
& Galloway
Scotland
Working occupiers:
Full-time 1,836 175 389 160 1,112 1,932 1,932 2,263 887 379 346 651 3,544 351 416 744 777 1,256 9,575
Part-time: Half time or more 1,752 234 170 421 927 608 608 623 257 104 92 170 1,017 94 190 199 191 343 4,000
Less than half time 6,747 830 437 2,250 3,230 2,300 2,300 1,987 777 331 310 569 2,972 300 519 685 558 910 14,006
Total working occupiers 10,335 1,239 996 2,831 5,269 4,840 4,840 4,873 1,921 814 748 1,390 7,533 745 1,125 1,628 1,526 2,509 27,581
Occupiers not working on the holding 300 14 19 99 168 171 171 141 54 26 21 40 193 16 34 49 37 57 805
Working wife/husband of occupier
Full-time 395 49 81 36 229 347 347 346 128 64 63 91 768 63 95 142 199 269 1,856
Part-time: Half time or more 650 88 121 86 355 377 377 428 149 71 52 156 732 67 112 137 152 264 2,187
Less than half time 3,450 440 338 843 1,829 1,709 1,709 1,702 676 269 251 506 2,472 258 339 536 515 824 9,333
Total working wife/husband of occupier 4,495 577 540 965 2,413 2,433 2,433 2,476 953 404 366 753 3,972 388 546 815 866 1,357 13,376
Spouses not working on the holding 398 18 31 124 225 305 305 328 128 55 61 84 372 34 46 93 78 121 1,403
Full-time employees:
Male: Partners 204 13 55 7 129 381 381 539 224 89 85 141 768 81 63 155 180 289 1,892
Hired 395 * 74 * 308 550 550 1,358 501 206 232 419 1,228 107 144 213 225 539 3,531
Family 219 12 50 20 137 274 274 448 167 86 69 126 669 58 67 151 141 252 1,610
Female: Partners 29 0 9 * * 54 54 79 34 19 12 14 139 * * 28 36 58 301
Hired 45 0 * 0 * 63 63 188 75 30 46 37 129 16 17 34 25 37 425
Family 62 * * 7 39 32 32 69 25 8 14 22 124 * * 35 33 36 287
Total full-time employees 760 29 158 37 536 1,082 1,082 2,037 767 315 346 609 2,365 216 245 479 487 938 6,244
Part-time employees:
Male: Partners 100 * 23 * 57 120 120 144 70 16 21 37 213 18 22 50 45 78 577
Hired 256 12 28 22 194 269 269 496 178 73 79 166 674 55 83 138 108 290 1,695
Family 523 82 53 124 264 261 261 234 98 39 36 61 488 61 68 122 93 144 1,506
Female: Partners 54 5 15 0 34 68 68 73 32 10 9 22 139 21 13 34 27 44 334
Hired 97 * 8 * 83 128 128 267 123 33 48 63 224 28 39 43 34 80 716
Family 242 53 26 49 114 121 121 155 53 28 28 46 305 33 33 80 49 110 823
Total part-time employees 1,031 129 124 165 613 802 802 1,127 463 165 178 321 1,678 171 218 369 296 624 4,638
Casual and seasonal employees:
Male 337 24 49 47 217 207 207 397 149 66 61 121 624 54 92 107 130 241 1,565
Female 103 9 9 11 74 61 61 138 67 28 15 28 130 7 29 28 32 34 432
Total casual and seasonal employees 383 26 53 50 254 236 236 445 171 73 66 135 702 58 108 128 146 262 1,766
Total employees 1,809 166 285 227 1,131 1,676 1,676 2,720 1,039 422 441 818 3,647 364 445 768 719 1,351 9,852
Total workforce
(including occupiers and spouses)
10,928 1,279 1,033 2,983 5,633 5,188 5,188 5,539 2,190 901 860 1,588 8,195 840 1,244 1,755 1,642 2,714 29,850

(1) Except for totals, holdings with employees in more than one category are counted more than once.
*data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings

Table C21 (ii) Number of occupiers, spouses and employees by regional grouping and region, June 2012

Number

  North West North East South East South West
Total Shetland Orkney Eileanan
an Iar
Highland Total Grampian Total Tayside Fife Lothian Scottish
Borders
Total East
Central
Argyll &
Bute
Clyde
Valley
Ayrshire Dumfries
& Galloway
Scotland
Working occupiers:
Full-time 1,836 175 389 160 1,112 1,932 1,932 2,263 887 379 346 651 3,544 351 416 744 777 1,256 9,575
Part-time: Half time or more 1,752 234 170 421 927 608 608 623 257 104 92 170 1,017 94 190 199 191 343 4,000
Less than half time 6,747 830 437 2,250 3,230 2,300 2,300 1,987 777 331 310 569 2,972 300 519 685 558 910 14,006
Total working occupiers 10,335 1,239 996 2,831 5,269 4,840 4,840 4,873 1,921 814 748 1,390 7,533 745 1,125 1,628 1,526 2,509 27,581
Occupiers not working on the holding 300 14 19 99 168 171 171 141 54 26 21 40 193 16 34 49 37 57 805
Working wife/husband of occupier
Full-time 395 49 81 36 229 347 347 346 128 64 63 91 768 63 95 142 199 269 1,856
Part-time: Half time or more 650 88 121 86 355 377 377 428 149 71 52 156 732 67 112 137 152 264 2,187
Less than half time 3,450 440 338 843 1,829 1,709 1,709 1,702 676 269 251 506 2,472 258 339 536 515 824 9,333
Total working wife/husband 4,495 577 540 965 2,413 2,433 2,433 2,476 953 404 366 753 3,972 388 546 815 866 1,357 13,376
of occupier
Spouses not working on the holding 398 18 31 124 225 305 305 328 128 55 61 84 372 34 46 93 78 121 1,403
Full-time employees:
Male: Partners 265 18 65 10 172 470 470 674 286 110 110 168 967 102 83 189 237 356 2,376
Hired 690 * 104 * 559 1,164 1,164 3,361 1,191 583 742 845 2,356 248 240 423 392 1,053 7,571
Family 257 14 57 25 161 321 321 543 200 100 93 150 798 65 80 179 173 301 1,919
Female: Partners 29 0 9 * * 57 57 91 40 20 16 15 150 * * 33 40 59 327
Hired 80 0 * 0 * 126 126 542 151 99 205 87 235 22 38 75 42 58 983
Family 66 * * 7 42 36 36 76 25 10 16 25 133 * * 39 35 39 311
Total full-time employees 1,387 41 249 65 1,032 2,174 2,174 5,287 1,893 922 1,182 1,290 4,639 450 466 938 919 1,866 13,487
Part-time employees:
Male: Partners 128 * 27 * 76 133 133 170 85 18 25 42 270 23 36 61 55 95 701
Hired 331 15 36 25 255 379 379 748 287 108 119 234 874 76 94 172 165 367 2,332
Family 654 106 61 164 323 319 319 263 104 46 41 72 562 74 76 146 102 164 1,798
Female: Partners 62 6 16 0 40 76 76 77 33 10 10 24 150 24 15 36 28 47 365
Hired 138 * 12 * 117 223 223 479 212 75 86 106 506 43 47 186 108 122 1,346
Family 293 68 27 59 139 135 135 178 56 35 32 55 344 36 38 88 55 127 950
Total part-time employees 1,606 215 179 262 950 1,265 1,265 1,915 777 292 313 533 2,706 276 306 689 513 922 7,492
Casual and seasonal employees:
Male 477 35 67 64 311 458 458 2,525 1,768 503 92 162 893 67 131 152 191 352 4,353
Female 148 11 11 14 112 180 180 1,632 1,121 445 34 32 179 9 36 47 43 44 2,139
Total casual and seasonal 625 46 78 78 423 638 638 4,157 2,889 948 126 194 1,072 76 167 199 234 396 6,492
employees
Total employees 3,618 302 506 405 2,405 4,077 4,077 11,359 5,559 2,162 1,621 2,017 8,417 802 939 1,826 1,666 3,184 27,471
Total workforce (including occupiers and spouses) 18,448 2,118 2,042 4,201 10,087 11,350 11,350 18,708 8,433 3,380 2,735 4,160 19,922 1,935 2,610 4,269 4,058 7,050 68,428

* data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings

Table C22 Number of holdings with full-time employees and number of full-time employees by region and size group, June 2012

Employees North West North East South East South West Scotland
Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number Holdings Number
1 455 455 625 625 1,010 1,010 1,317 1,317 3,407 3,407
2 184 368 243 486 500 1,000 599 1,198 1,526 3,052
3 61 183 94 282 227 681 209 627 591 1,773
4 25 100 45 180 107 428 103 412 280 1,120
5-6 21 115 41 222 91 490 75 398 228 1,225
7 & over 14 166 34 379 102 1,678 62 687 212 2,910
Total full-time employees 760 1,387 1,082 2,174 2,037 5,287 2,365 4,639 6,244 13,487

Table C23 Number and area of holdings by Main farm type, total from Standard Gross Margins(1) and Standard Labour Requirements(2), June 2012

Main farm type Holdings
Hectares  Total from
Standard Gross
Margins (£) (3)
 Standard
Labour
Requirements
Cereals 3,884 431,525 145,203,007 3,328
General cropping 2,263 321,305 196,867,445 5,839
Horticulture 1,168 26,701 239,064,423 4,705
Specialist pigs 324 11,426 7,131,445 257
Specialist poultry 2,198 24,124 27,705,737 678
Dairy 1,163 154,786 169,587,466 5,302
Cattle and sheep (LFA)(4) 13,546 2,811,155 215,500,671 17,571
Cattle and sheep (Lowland) 1,914 60,297 21,612,835 1,208
Mixed 2,190 298,243 110,891,658 4,181
Specialist grass and forage 22,242 1,388,049 1,182,239 1,197
Other 1,733 76,502 115,122 424
Total 52,625 5,604,114 1,134,862,048 44,690

(1) The Standard Gross Margin represents the unit value (less variable costs) of the crops (per hectare) and livestock (per unit) on holdings.
(2) 1 Standard Labour Requirement = 1900 hours per year.
(3) The total amounted generated (in £) using the individual SGMs on each farm type listed.
The individual SGM for crops and livestock are listed here: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/06/2290402/04320
(4) See note (1) to table C3.

(1) 1 European Size Unit = 1200 Standard Gross Margins. SGMs represent the value (less variable costs) of the crops and livestock on holdings.
* means data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C24 Number of holdings by European Size Unit and farm type, June 2012

Holdings

  European size unit(1) Total
Farm type <4 4-<8 8-<16 16-<40 40+
Cereals 909 538 634 832 971 3,884
General cropping 592 45 80 329 1,217 2,263
Horticulture 833 92 53 57 133 1,168
Specialist pigs * * 7 * 32 324
Specialist poultry 2,012 8 7 38 133 2,198
Dairy 37 9 14 49 1,054 1,163
Cattle and sheep (LFA) 7,652 1,192 1,308 2,037 1,357 13,546
Cattle and sheep (Lowland) 1,293 172 149 168 132 1,914
Mixed 706 125 212 386 761 2,190
Specialist grass and forage 22,190 37 * * 0 22,242
Other * * * * 0 1,733
Total 38,232 2,224 2,478 3,901 5,790 52,625

(1) 1 European Size Unit = 1200 Standard Gross Margins. SGMs represent the value (less variable costs) of the crops and livestock on holdings.
* means data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.

Table C25 Number of holdings by European Size Unit, regional grouping and region, June 2012

Hodlings

  European size unit(1) Total
<4 4-<8 8-<16 16-<40 40+
North West: 18,248 794 671 594 443 20,750
Shetland 1,640 110 68 * * 1,856
Orkney 1,481 104 133 174 120 2,012
Eileanan an Iar 6,351 90 27 * * 6,480
Highland 8,776 490 443 379 314 10,402
North East:
NE Scotland 5,636 442 572 980 1,276 8,906
South East: 5,242 351 436 957 2,247 9,233
Tayside 1,973 139 191 418 958 3,679
Fife 915 58 57 134 366 1,530
Lothian 920 60 64 151 337 1,532
Scottish Borders 1,434 94 124 254 586 2,492
South West: 9,106 637 799 1,370 1,824 13,736
East Central 1,058 83 86 179 134 1,540
Argyll & Bute 1,399 129 142 174 136 1,980
Clyde Valley 2,308 155 191 288 319 3,261
Ayrshire 1,870 119 160 262 424 2,835
Dumfries & Galloway 2,471 151 220 467 811 4,120
Scotland 38,232 2,224 2,478 3,901 5,790 52,625

Table C26 Number of holdings, total and average from Standard Gross Margin(1), total and average Standard Labour Requirement(2) by regional grouping and region, June 2012

  Holdings Standard Gross Margins (£) Standard Labour Requirements
Total from SGM Total from SGM
(average £ per holding)
Total SLR Average SLR
per holding
North West: 20,750 87,440,307 4,214 6,371 0.307
Shetland 1,856 4,325,407 2,330 650 0.350
Orkney 2,012 19,018,221 9,452 890 0.443
Eileanan an Iar 6,480 4,734,470 731 520 0.080
Highland 10,402 59,362,209 5,707 4,311 0.414
North East:
Grampian 8,906 205,350,941 23,058 6,879 0.772
South East: 9,233 550,687,552 59,643 17,031 1.845
Tayside 3,679 320,597,616 87,143 8,768 2.383
Fife 1,530 86,814,425 56,741 2,044 1.336
Lothian 1,532 52,790,497 34,459 1,706 1.113
Scottish Borders 2,492 90,485,014 36,310 4,513 1,811
South West: 13,736 291,383,248 21,213 14,409 1.049
East Central 1,540 22,561,385 14,650 1,246 0.809
Argyll & Bute 1,980 22,744,093 11,487 1,774 0.896
Clyde Valley 3,261 49,690,333 15,238 2,411 0.739
Ayrshire 2,835 64,963,295 22,915 2,945 1.039
Dumfries & Galloway 4,120 131,424,142 31,899 6,033 1.464
Scotland 52,625 1,134,862,048 21,565 44,690 0.849

(1) The Standard Gross Margin represents the value (less variable costs) of the crops and livestock on holdings.
(2) 1 Standard Labour Requirement = 1900 hours per year.

Table C27 Number of holdings by Main farm type, total from Standard Gross Margins(1) and average (total from SGM) per holding type June 2002, 2007 and 2012

  2002 2007 2012
Holdings Total from
SGM £
Total from
SGM
(average £ per holding)
Holdings Total from
SGM (£)
Total from
SGM
(average £ per holding)
Holdings Total from
SGM (£)
Total from
SGM
(average £ per holding)
Cereals 4,029 144,240,903 35,801 3,519 130,437,673 37,067 3,884 145,203,007 37,385
General cropping 2,402 188,423,979 78,445 2,255 187,539,447 83,166 2,263 196,867,445 86,994
Horticulture(2) 872 16,700,558 19,152 967 20,911,970 21,626 1,168 239,064,423 204,678
Specialist pigs 147 13,957,683 94,950 175 8,880,561 50,746 324 7,131,445 22,011
Specialist poultry 913 29,585,663 32,405 1,253 27,418,915 21,883 2,198 27,705,737 12,605
Dairy 1,684 181,961,248 108,053 1,425 180,846,453 126,910 1,163 169,587,466 145,819
Cattle and sheep
(LFA)
14,877 245,527,292 16,504 13,847 233,066,759 16,832 13,546 215,500,671 15,909
Cattle and sheep
(Lowland)
1,611 18,378,511 11,408 1,606 21,282,470 13,252 1,914 21,612,835 11,292
Mixed 2,507 125,153,348 49,922 2,287 120,314,492 52,608 2,190 110,891,658 50,635
Other(3) 21,147 4,799,207 227 24,031 6,099,845 254 23,975 1,297,361 54
Total 50,189 968,728,393 19,302 51,365 936,798,586 18,238 52,625 1,134,862,048 21,565

(1) The Standard Gross Margin represents the value (less variable costs) of the crops and livestock on holdings.
(2) From 2011 onwards the June census asks for more detail on soft fruit grown under glass. These are a higher value than fruit grown in the open hence the horticulture SGM has increased.
(3) Includes specialist grass and forage holdings

Table C28 Number of holdings by Standard Labour Requirements(1) and farm type, June 2012

Holdings

  Very small Small Medium Large Very large Total
Farm type (< 1 FTE) (1 to< 2 FTE) (2 to< 3 FTE) (3 to < 5 FTE) (5 or more FTE)
Cereals 2,823 619 237 151 54 3,884
General cropping 943 398 277 317 328 2,263
Horticulture 990 37 19 21 101 1,168
Specialist pigs 288 * 9 * 20 324
Specialist poultry 2,064 * 39 * 20 2,198
Dairy 68 112 205 416 362 1,163
Cattle and sheep (LFA) 9,217 1,565 888 1,014 862 13,546
Cattle and sheep (Lowland) 1,578 174 63 49 50 1,914
Mixed 1,106 383 242 246 213 2,190
Specialist grass and forage 22,071 63 30 41 37 22,242
Other 1,672 16 16 15 14 1,733
Total 42,820 3,402 2,025 2,317 2,061 52,625

(1) 1 Standard Labour Requirement = 1900 hours per year.
FTE means full-time equivalent.
* means data suppressed to prevent disclosure of individual holdings.