2010/11 Scottish Crime and Justice Survey: Main Findings

DescriptionResults from the 2010/11 Scottish Crime and Justice Survey.
ISBNISBN 978 1 7804
Official Print Publication DateNovember 2011
Website Publication DateNovember 01, 2011

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ISBN 978 1 78045 442 9 (Web publication only)
ISSN 0950 2254
DPPAS 12091

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A National Statistics Publication for Scotland

CONTENTS

Conventions used in the Figures and Tables

Executive Summary

1 Introduction
1.1 Survey background and methodology
1.2 Purpose and limitations of the SCJS
1.3 Comparing estimates of crime
1.4 The structure of the report

2 The Extent of Crime in Scotland
2.1 Summary
2.2 Introduction
2.3 Estimates of crime
2.4 Comparing crime over time
2.5 Police recorded crime statistics
2.6 Comparison of number of crimes in Scotland and England & Wales
2.7 The risk of crime

3 The Risk and Characteristics of Crime
3.1 Summary
3.2 Introduction
3.3 Varying risk of crime
3.4 Repeat victimisation
3.5 Characteristics of crime

4 The Impact and Perceptions of Crime
4.1 Summary
4.2 Introduction
4.3 Impact of crime
4.4 Perceptions of crime

5 Reporting Crime and Support for Victims
5.1 Summary
5.2 Introduction
5.3 Advice and support for victims
5.4 Reporting crime to the Police
5.5 Information or assistance about the investigation
5.6 Contact with the Procurator Fiscal

6 Public Perceptions of Crime
6.1 Summary
6.2 Introduction
6.3 Perceptions of crime
6.4 Public anxiety about crime
6.5 Trends in public perceptions of crime
6.6 Perceived and actual risk of crimes

7 The Public and the Police
7.1 Summary
7.2 Introduction
7.3 Confidence in the police
7.4 Attitudes to the police in the local area
7.5 Police presence in the local area
7.6 Being stopped by the police

8 Scottish Justice Systems and Organisations
8.1 Summary
8.2 Introduction
8.3 The Scottish criminal justice system
8.4 Community sentencing
8.5 Civil law

Annexes

Annex 1 Data Tables

Annex 2 Methodology
A2.1 Sampling
A2.2 Questionnaire
A2.3 Fieldwork
A2.4 Response rate

Annex 3 SCJS Crime
A3.1 How the information was collected
A3.2 Offence coding
A3.3 Series of crimes
A3.4 Valid incidents
A3.5 Survey reference period
A3.6 Crime measured by the survey
A3.7 Incidence, prevalence and repeat victimisation
A3.8 Crime groups

Annex 4 Confidence Intervals, Statistical Significance and Weighting
A4.1 Confidence intervals and statistical significance
A4.2 Weighting

Annex 5 Comparing SCJS and Police Recorded Crime Statistics
A5.1 Comparable crime
A5.2 Police recorded crime statistics

Annex 6 Comparing SCJS and BCS Crime Estimates

A NATIONAL STATISTICS PUBLICATION FOR SCOTLAND

FIGURES

Chapter 2
Figure 2.1: % of SCJS crime in each crime group
Figure 2.2: Total number of crimes over time
Figure 2.3: Number of crimes (grouped) over time
Figure 2.4: % of comparable SCJS crime and police recorded crime
Figure 2.5: Comparison of incidence rates in Scotland with England and Wales
Figure 2.6: Risk of being a victim of different crimes (grouped)

Chapter 3
Figure 3.1: Varying risk of crime - proportion of adults who were victims of crime by area deprivation
Figure 3.2: Repeat victims as % of all victims within each crime group

Chapter 4
Figure 4.1: Value of damaged / stolen items
Figure 4.2: Injuries sustained in violent crime where the victim was physically injured
Figure 4.3: Whether what happened was a crime or not
Figure 4.4: Whether offender should have been given a prison sentence or another sentence

Chapter 5
Figure 5.1: Satisfaction with support received
Figure 5.2: % of survey incidents within crime type reported to the police
Figure 5.3: Effect of perception of crime on reporting - % of SCJS crime reported to the police by perceptions of the crime
Figure 5.4: Satisfaction with police handling of the matter
Figure 5.5: Most common reasons for dissatisfaction with the way the police handled the matter
Figure 5.6: Information or assistance for victims about the investigation (or case) provided by the police
Figure 5.7: Whether victim had contact with the Procurator Fiscal service in connection with the crime

Chapter 6
Figure 6.1: Perceptions of how crime rates have changed in respondents' local area over the past two years
Figure 6.2: Perceptions of how crime rates have changed nationally and locally over the past two years
Figure 6.3: Perceptions of how common specific crimes are in local area
Figure 6.4: Where adults have got impressions that anti-social behaviour and drug dealing / drug abuse are common in their local area
Figure 6.5: What adults have changed or done differently as a result of problems in the past year (main mentions)
Figure 6.6: Worry that specific types of crime might happen
Figure 6.7: Crimes adults think are likely to happen to them in next 12 months
Figure 6.8: % of adults who believe particular crimes are 'very' or 'fairly common' in their local area (1993 to 2010/11)
Figure 6.9: % of adults 'very' or 'fairly worried' about particular crimes (1993 to 2010/11)
Figure 6.10: Perceived risk (% saying likely to happen) versus actual risk (% who were victims of each type of crime in past 12 months)

Chapter 7
Figure 7.1: Confidence in local police force's ability to undertake specific aspects of their work
Figure 7.2: Changes in confidence in local police force's ability to undertake specific aspects of their work (% very / fairly confident)
Figure 7.3: Level of agreement with statements about the police in the local area
Figure 7.4: Agreement with statements about the police in the local area by area deprivation (% strongly / tend to agree)

Chapter 8
Figure 8.1: Proportion of adults who had heard of criminal justice system organisations
Figure 8.2: Proportion of adults who have ever had contact with criminal justice organisations
Figure 8.3: Proportion of adults who have ever had contact with criminal justice organisations by victim status
Figure 8.4: Confidence with different aspects of delivery of the criminal justice system among all respondents and by victim status (% very or fairly confident)
Figure 8.5: Confidence with different aspects of delivery of the criminal justice system - comparison over time (% very or fairly confident)
Figure 8.6: % of adults who were aware of community sentences
Figure 8.7: % of adults who think that each community sentence would make it less likely that the person would commit a crime in the future
Figure 8.8: Attitudes to community sentences (% agree strongly or agree slightly)
Figure 8.9: Experience of any civil law problems
Figure 8.10: Types of civil law problem experienced
Figure 8.11: The importance of resolving civil law problems (% saying very important or quite important)
Figure 8.12: Main sources providing help or advice to solve / try to solve only / most important problem

Annexes
Figure A3.1 Survey reference period for SCJS 2010/11
Figure A3.2 Crime groups used in the report
Figure A5.1 Comparable crime groups

TABLES

Chapter 2
Table 2.1: Estimates of numbers of all SCJS crime
Table 2.2: % change in estimates of numbers of all SCJS crime by crime group

Chapter 3
Table 3.1: Varying risk of crime - proportion of adults who were victims of crime by age and gender
Table 3.2: Where crime happened
Table 3.3: When crime happened
Table 3.4: Characteristics of offenders
Table 3.5: Relationship with offender
Table 3.6: Use of weapons in violent crime

Chapter 4
Table 4.2: Emotional responses to crime
Table 4.3: Reasons why offender should not have been prosecuted in court
Table 4.4: Alternatives to prosecution for offender - victims' opinions
Table 4.5: Alternative to prison for offender - victims' opinions

Chapter 5
Table 5.1: Percentages of victims who would have liked at least one type of help.
Table 5.2: Most common reasons crime was not reported
Table 5.3: Most common reasons crime was reported
Table 5.4: Whether information or assistance was received about the investigation (or case)
Table 5.5: Most common (additional) types of information or assistance about the investigation the victim would have liked to have received

Chapter 6
Table 6.1: Public perceptions of crime in local area by various characteristics, 2010/11
Table 6.2: Safety when walking alone after dark by gender within age
Table 6.3: Safety at home alone after dark by gender within age

Chapter 7
Table 7.1: Been stopped and asked questions by police ever / in the last year by various characteristics

Annexes
Table A1.1: Estimates of the extent of victimisation in Scotland, 2010/11
Table A1.2: Estimates of the extent of victimisation in Scotland, 1992 to 2010/11
Table A1.3: Rates of victimisation in Scotland, per 10,000 households / individuals, 2010/11
Table A1.4: Rates of victimisation in Scotland, per 10,000 households / individuals, 1992 to 2010/11
Table A1.5: Prevalence of victimisation, 1992 to 2010/11
Table A1.6: Prevalence of crime by demographic variables, 2010/11
Table A1.7: % of crime reported to the police 1992 to 2010/11
Table A1.8: Perceptions of how crime rates have changed in respondents' local area over the past two years, 2010/11
Table A1.9: % of respondents either 'very' or 'fairly worried' about particular crimes, 1993 to 2010/11
Table A1.10: % of respondents 'very' or 'fairly confident' about aspects of the Scottish Criminal Justice System, 2010/11
Table A1.11: % of respondents either 'very' or 'fairly confident' in various aspects of their local police force's ability, 2010/11
Table A1.12: Awareness of types of sentences (% total spontaneous and prompted awareness), 2010/11
Table A1.13: Attitudes to community sentences (% 'strongly' or 'slightly agree'), 2010/11
Table A2.1: Response rate for SCJS 2010/11
Table A3.1: Offence codes included in the estimates of crime by crime group used in this report
Table A4.1: Rates, confidence intervals, standard errors and design factors for key crime groups (incidence rate per 10,000), 2010/11