The Scottish Health Survey: Volume 1: Main Report

DescriptionScottish Health Survey 2010 - Volume 1: Main report
ISBN9781780453415
Official Print Publication DateSeptember 2011
Website Publication DateSeptember 27, 2011

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ISBN 978 1 78045 341 5
DPPAS 11923

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Editors:

Catherine Bromley and Lisa Given; Scottish Centre for Social Research.

Principal authors:

Catherine Bromley, 1 Joan Corbett, 1 Julie Day, 2 Mira Doig, 3 Wissam Gharib, 3 Lisa Given, 1 Linsay Gray, 4 Alastair Leyland, 4 Andy MacGregor, 1 Louise Marryat, 1 Tracey Maw, 2 Susan McConnville, 1 Sally McManus, 5 Jennifer Mindell, 3 Kevin Pickering, 5 Marilyin Roth, 3 and Clare Sharp. 1

1 Scottish Centre for Social Research, Edinburgh.
2 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Royal Victoria Infirmary, Newcastle.
3 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, UCL Medical School.
4MRC/ CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, Glasgow.
5 National Centre for Social Research, London.

Contents

Editors' Acknowledgements

Foreword from the Chief Medical Officer

Introduction

Notes to Tables

Chapter 1: General Health and Mental Wellbeing
1.1 Introduction
1.2 Self-assessed general health
1.2.1 Introduction
1.2.2 Self-assessed general health, 2008, 2009 and 2010, by age and sex
1.3 Long-term conditions
1.3.1 Introduction
1.3.2 Prevalence of long-term conditions 2008, 2009 and 2010, by age and sex
1.4 Mental health and wellbeing
1.4.1 Introduction
1.4.2 WEMWBS mean score, 2008, 2009 and 2010, by age and sex
1.4.3 GHQ12 score, 2010, by age and sex
1.4.4 Life satisfaction, 2010, by age and sex
1.5 Wellbeing by socio-demographic characteristics
1.5.1 Introduction
1.5.2 Socio-economic classification ( NS- SEC)
1.5.3 Equivalised household income
1.5.4 Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD)
1.6 Wellbeing and long-term conditions
1.6.1 Introduction
1.6.2 WEMWBS mean score
1.6.3 GHQ12 score
1.6.4 Life satisfaction
1.7 Associations between WEMWBS, GHQ12 and life satisfaction
1.7.1 Introduction
1.7.2 Associations between WEMWBS and GHQ12 and life satisfaction

Table 1.1 Adult self-assessed general health, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 1.2 Prevalence of long-term conditions in adults, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 1.3 WEMWBS mean scores, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 1.4 GHQ12 scores and life satisfaction, 2010, by age and sex
Table 1.5 WEMWBS mean scores, GHQ12 and life satisfaction, 2010, (age-standardised), by NS- SEC of household reference person and sex
Table 1.6 WEMWBS mean scores, GHQ12 and life satisfaction, 2010, (agestandardised), by equivalised household income quintile and sex
Table 1.7 WEMWBS mean scores, GHQ12 and life satisfaction, 2010, (agestandardised), by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and sex
Table 1.8 WEMWBS mean scores, GHQ12 and life satisfaction, 2010, (agestandardised), by long-term conditions and sex
Table 1.9 WEMWBS mean score, 2010, (age-standardised), by GHQ12 and life satisfaction and sex

Chapter 2: Dental Health
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Methods and definitions of measurement
2.3 Dental health
2.3.1 Trends in natural teeth by age and sex, 1995, 1988, 2003, 2008, 2009 and 2010
2.3.2 Appearance of teeth by age and sex, 2010

Table 2.1 Number of natural teeth, and % with no natural teeth, 1995, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 2.2 Happiness with appearance of teeth, 2010, by age and sex

Chapter 3: Alcohol Consumption
3.1 Introduction
3.1.1 Definitions used in this chapter
3.2 Methods
3.2.1 Data collection in the 2008, 2009 and 2010 surveys
3.2.2 Unit calculations and conversion factors
3.3 Weekly alcohol consumption levels
3.4 Estimated daily consumption
3.5 Adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice
3.5.1 Adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice by age and sex
3.5.2 Adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice by socio-demographic factors
3.6 Problem drinking and physical dependency on alcohol
3.6.1 Problem drinking
3.6.2 Trends in problem drinking
3.6.3 Problem drinking indicators and adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice

Table 3.1 Estimated usual weekly alcohol consumption level, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 3.2 Units consumed on heaviest drinking day in past week, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 3.3 Adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice, 2010, by age and sex
Table 3.4 Adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice (age-standardised), 2010, by NC- SEC of household reference person and sex
Table 3.5 Adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice (age-standardised), 2010, by equivalised household income quintile and sex
Table 3.6 Adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice (age-standardised), 2010, by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and sex
Table 3.7 Potential problem drinking indicators, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009, by age and sex
Table 3.8 Adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice, and units consumed in past week (age-standardised), 2010, by potential problem drinking indicators and sex
Table 3.9 Potential problem drinking indicators and units consumed in past week (agestandardised), 2010, by adherence to weekly and daily drinking advice and sex

Chapter 4: Smoking
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Methods
4.2.1 Smoking questions in the 2010 Scottish Health Survey
4.2.2 Cotinine
4.2.3 Definitions
4.3 Trends in smoking prevalence
4.4 Smoking prevalence in 2010
4.5 Trends in exposure to second-hand smoke
4.6 Exposure to second-hand smoke in 2010
4.7 Smokers' quit attempts and desire to stop smoking
4.7.1 Quit attempts and desire to stop smoking, by age and sex
4.7.2 Quit attempts and desire to stop smoking, by SIMD
4.7.3 Quit attempts and desire to stop smoking, by daily cigarette consumption

Table 4.1 Cigarette smoking status, 1995, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 4.2 Non-smokers' exposure to second-hand smoke, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 4.3 Quit attempts by smokers, and whether would like to quit smoking, 2010, by age and sex
Table 4.4 Quit attempts by smokers, and whether would like to quit smoking, 2010, (age-standardised), by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation
Table 4.5 Quit attempts by smokers, and whether would like to quit smoking, 2010, (age-standardised), by self-reported daily cigarette consumption

Chapter 5: Fruit and vegetable consumption
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Methodology
5.2.1 Measures of eating habits
5.2.2 Measure of communal eating
5.3 Fruit and vegetable consumption
5.3.1 Trends in adult consumption of fruit and vegetables
5.3.2 Portions of fruit and vegetables consumed by adults in 2010
5.3.3 Trends in child consumption of fruit and vegetables
5.3.4 Portions of fruit and vegetables consumed by children in 2010
5.4 Fruit and vegetable consumption by communal eating
5.4.1 Adult consumption by number of times household ate together
5.4.2 Child consumption by number of times household ate together

Table 5.1 Adult fruit and vegetable consumption, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 5.2 Child fruit and vegetable consumption, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 5.3 Adult fruit and vegetable consumption, 2010, by number of times household members ate together in past week
Table 5.4 Child fruit and vegetable consumption, 2010, by number of times household members ate together in past week

Chapter 6: Physical Activity
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Methods
6.2.1 The adult physical activity questionnaire
6.2.2 Adult physical activity definitions
6.2.3 The child physical activity questionnaire
6.2.4 Child physical activity definitions
6.3 Adult physical activity
6.3.1 Summary adult physical activity levels, 2008, 2009 and 2010
6.3.2 Summary adult physical activity levels, 2010, by age and sex
6.3.3 Adult participation in sporting activities in the past 4 weeks, 2010
6.4 Child physical activity
6.4.1 Trends in the proportion of children meeting physical activity recommendations (excluding school-based activities), 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009 and 2010
6.4.2 Children's activity levels (excluding school-based activities), 2010, by age and sex
6.4.3 Trends in the proportion of children meeting physical activity recommendations (including school-based activities), 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010
6.4.4 Children's activity levels (including school-based activities), 2010, by age and sex

Table 6.1 Adult summary activity levels, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 6.2 Adults' participation in sport and exercise, 2010, by type of sport, age and sex
Table 6.3 Proportions of children meeting the physical activity recommendations (excluding activity at school), 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 6.4 Proportions of children meeting the physical activity recommendations (including activity at school), 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex

Chapter 7: Adult and child obesity
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Methods and definitions of measurement
7.2.1 Height
7.2.2 Weight
7.2.3 Body mass index ( BMI)
7.3 Response to anthropometric measurements, by age and sex
7.4 Trends in the prevalence of adult overweight and obesity
7.4.1 Obesity and morbid obesity
7.4.2 Overweight and obesity
7.4.3 Mean BMI
7.5 Adult BMI by age and sex, 2010
7.6 Trends in the prevalence of child unhealthy weight, overweight and obesity
7.7 Children's BMI by age and sex, 2010

Table 7.1 Adult response to anthropometric measurements (height, weight and BMI), 2010, by age and sex
Table 7.2 Child response to anthropometric measurements (height, weight and BMI), 2010, by age and sex
Table 7.3 Mean BMI, prevalence of overweight and obesity, 1995, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 7.4 Proportion of children with BMI outwith the healthy range, and prevalence of overweight and obesity in children, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 7.5 Children's body mass index ( BMI), 2010, by age and sex

Chapter 8: Respiratory health
8.1 Introduction
8.2 Methods and definitions
8.3 Trends in adult respiratory symptoms
8.3.1 Wheezing and asthma
8.3.2 MRC respiratory questionnaire symptoms
8.4 Adult respiratory symptoms in 2008/2010
8.4.1 Wheezing by age and sex
8.4.2 Doctor-diagnosed asthma by age and sex
8.4.3 Phlegm production and breathlessness by age and sex
8.5 Adult respiratory symptoms by smoking status
8.6 Adult respiratory symptoms by socio-demographic factors
8.6.1 Socio-economic classification ( NS- SEC)
8.6.2 Equivalised household income
8.6.3 Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD) and Scottish Government urban-rural classification
8.7 Factors associated with adult respiratory symptoms
8.7.1 Wheezing in the past 12 months
8.7.2 Doctor-diagnosed asthma
8.8 Trends in children's respiratory symptoms
8.8.1 Trends in children aged 2-15, 1998-2008/2010
8.8.2 Trends in children aged 0-15, 2003-2008/2010
8.9 Children's respiratory symptoms in 2008/2010
8.10 Children's respiratory symptoms by exposure to second-hand smoke at home
8.11 Children's respiratory symptoms by socio-demographic factors
8.11.1 NS- SEC
8.11.2 Equivalised household income
8.11.3 SIMD
8.12 Factors associated with children's respiratory symptoms
8.12.1 Wheezing in the past 12 months
8.12.2 Doctor-diagnosed asthma

Table 8.1 Respiratory symptoms and doctor-diagnosed asthma in adults, 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2010 combined, by age and sex
Table 8.2 MRC Respiratory questionnaire symptoms in adults, 1995, 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2010 combined, by age and sex
Table 8.3 Prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months and doctor-diagnosed asthma in adults, 2008 and 2010 combined, (age-standardised), by cigarette smoking status and sex
Table 8.4 Prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months and doctor-diagnosed asthma in adults, 2008 and 2010 combined, (age-standardised), by NS- SEC of household reference person and sex
Table 8.5 Prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months and doctor-diagnosed asthma in adults, 2008 and 2010 combined, (age-standardised), by equivalised household income and sex
Table 8.6 Prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months and doctor-diagnosed asthma in adults, doctor-diagnosed asthma, 2008 and 2010 combined, (age-standardised), by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and sex
Table 8.7 Prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months and doctor-diagnosed asthma in adults, 2008 and 2010 combined, (age-standardised), by Scottish Government urban rural classification and sex
Table 8.8 Estimated odds ratios for prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months and doctor-diagnosed asthma in adults, by associated factors and sex
Table 8.9 Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and doctor-diagnosed asthma in children, 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2010 combined, by age and sex
Table 8.10 Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and doctor-diagnosed asthma in children, 2008 and 2010 combined, by number of people smoking regularly within the household, age and sex
Table 8.11 Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and doctor-diagnosed asthma in children, 2008 and 2010 combined, by NS- SEC of household reference person, age and sex
Table 8.12 Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and doctor-diagnosed asthma in children, 2008 and 2010 combined, by equivalised household income quintile, age and sex
Table 8.13 Prevalence of respiratory symptoms and doctor-diagnosed asthma in children, 2008 and 2010 combined, by Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation quintile, age and sex
Table 8.14 Estimated odds ratios for prevalence of wheezing in the last 12 months and doctor-diagnosed asthma in children, by associated factors and sex

Chapter 9: Cardiovascular disease diagnoses and symptoms
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Methods and definitions
9.2.1 Methods
9.2.2 Summary measures of cardiovascular disease and diabetes
9.3 Prevalence of cardiovascular conditions and diabetes
9.3.1 Any CVD, and CVD or diabetes, 1995, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009 and 2010
9.3.2 IHD, stroke, and IHD or stroke, 1995, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009 and 2010
9.4 Symptoms of angina and possible myocardial infarction
9.4.1 Angina
9.4.2 Possible myocardial infarction
9.5 Intermittent claudication
9.5.1 Intermittent claudication by age and sex
9.5.2 Intermittent claudication by doctor-diagnosed CVD and IHD

Table 9.1 Any CVD, any CVD or diabetes, IHD, stroke, IHD or stroke, 1995, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2009, 2010, by age and sex
Table 9.2 Prevalence of angina and MI symptoms (using the Rose Angina Questionnaire), 2008 and 2010 combined, by age and sex
Table 9.3 Intermittent claudication, 2008 and 2010 combined, by age and sex
Table 9.4 Intermittent claudication, 2008 and 2010 combined, by any CVD and any IHD and sex

Chapter 10: Multiple risks
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Methods and definitions of measurement
10.3 Total number of risks by age and sex
10.4 Total number of risks by socio-demographic factors
10.4.1 Socio-economic classification ( NS- SEC)
10.4.2 Equivalised household income
10.4.3 Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation ( SIMD)
10.5 Risk clustering
10.6 Factors associated with multiple risks
10.6.1 Analysis approach
10.6.2 Results

Table 10.1 Mean number of risk factors, and % in each category, 2010, by age and sex
Table 10.2 Mean number of risk factors, and % in each category (age-standardised), 2010, by NS- SEC of household reference person and sex
Table 10.3 Mean number of risk factors, and % in each category (age-standardised), 2010, by equivalised household income quintile and sex
Table 10.4 Mean number of risk factors, and % in each category (age-standardised), 2010, by Scottish Index of Multiple and sex
Table 10.5 Ordinal regression coefficients for multiple risk factors, 2010, by socio-demographic risk factors and sex
Table 10.6 Linear regression coefficients for multiple risk factors, 2010, by socio-demographic risk factors and sex
Table 10.7 Estimated odds ratios for four or five risk factors, 2010, by socio-demographic risk factors and sex

Appendix A: Glossary

A National Statistics Publication for Scotland