Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2009 - Highlights from Scotland's Results

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Table 7.2a. Mean scores in reading, by gender, and comparison with Scotland: OECD

males

females

overall

mean

s.e.

mean

s.e.

mean

s.e.

s.d.

s.e.

Australia

496

2.9

533

2.6

515

2.3

99

1.4

higher than 2009

Austria

449

3.8

490

4.0

470

2.9

100

2.0

lower than 2009

Belgium

493

3.4

520

2.9

506

2.3

102

1.7

similar to 2009

Canada

507

1.8

542

1.7

524

1.5

90

0.9

higher than 2009

Chile

439

3.9

461

3.6

449

3.1

83

1.7

lower than 2009

Czech Republic

456

3.7

504

3.0

478

2.9

92

1.6

lower than 2009

Denmark

480

2.5

509

2.5

495

2.1

84

1.2

similar to 2009

Estonia

480

2.9

524

2.8

501

2.6

83

1.7

similar to 2009

Finland

508

2.6

563

2.4

536

2.3

86

1.0

higher than 2009

France

475

4.3

515

3.4

496

3.4

106

2.8

similar to 2009

Germany

478

3.6

518

2.9

497

2.7

95

1.8

similar to 2009

Greece

459

5.5

506

3.5

483

4.3

95

2.4

lower than 2009

Hungary

475

3.9

513

3.6

494

3.2

90

2.4

similar to 2009

Iceland

478

2.1

522

1.9

500

1.4

96

1.2

similar to 2009

Ireland

476

4.2

515

3.1

496

3.0

95

2.2

similar to 2009

Israel

452

5.2

495

3.4

474

3.6

112

2.7

lower than 2009

Italy

464

2.3

510

1.9

486

1.6

96

1.4

lower than 2009

Japan

501

5.6

540

3.7

520

3.5

100

2.9

higher than 2009

Korea

523

4.9

558

3.8

539

3.5

79

2.1

higher than 2009

Luxembourg

453

1.9

492

1.5

472

1.3

104

0.9

lower than 2009

Mexico

413

2.1

438

2.1

425

2.0

85

1.2

lower than 2009

Netherlands

496

5.1

521

5.3

508

5.1

89

1.6

similar to 2009

New Zealand

499

3.6

544

2.6

521

2.4

103

1.7

higher than 2009

Norway

480

3.0

527

2.9

503

2.6

91

1.2

similar to 2009

Poland

476

2.8

525

2.9

500

2.6

89

1.3

similar to 2009

Portugal

470

3.5

508

2.9

489

3.1

87

1.6

lower than 2009

Slovak Republic

452

3.5

503

2.8

477

2.5

90

1.9

lower than 2009

Slovenia

456

1.6

511

1.4

483

1.0

91

0.9

lower than 2009

Spain

467

2.2

496

2.2

481

2.0

88

1.1

lower than 2009

Sweden

475

3.2

521

3.1

497

2.9

99

1.5

similar to 2009

Switzerland

481

2.9

520

2.7

501

2.4

93

1.4

similar to 2009

Turkey

443

3.7

486

4.1

464

3.5

82

1.7

lower than 2009

United States

488

4.2

513

3.8

500

3.7

97

1.6

similar to 2009

United Kingdom

481

3.5

507

2.9

494

2.3

95

1.2

UK Scotland

488

4.5

512

3.0

500

3.2

94

1.5

UK England

482

4.3

507

3.5

495

2.8

95

1.4

similar to 2009

UK Northern Ireland

485

7.9

513

3.8

499

4.1

97

3.5

similar to 2009

UK Wales

462

3.9

490

3.6

476

3.4

93

1.6

lower than 2009

OECD total

475

1.4

508

1.2

492

1.2

98

0.6

lower than 2009

OECD average

474

0.6

513

0.5

493

0.5

93

0.3

lower than 2009

higher than 2009 higher than Scotland
similar to 2009 not different to Scotland
lower than 2009 lower than Scotland