Your Scotland, Your Voice: A National Conversation

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ENDNOTES

1 "We, gathered as the Scottish Constitutional Convention, do hereby acknowledge the sovereign right of the Scottish people to determine the form of Government best suited to their needs, and do hereby declare and pledge that in all our actions and deliberations their interests shall be paramount." Owen Dudley Edwards, Claim of Right for Scotland (Polygon, 1989).

2 The 1997 referendum offered three options to the Scottish people: the status quo, a Parliament without tax varying powers, and a Parliament with tax varying powers. Scottish Parliament, "The Path to Devolution",
http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/vli/history/pathtodevolution/index.htm.

3 See Scottish Government, Choosing Scotland's Future: A National Conversation - Independence and Responsibility in the Modern World (August 2007), paragraphs 1.5 - 1.13, chapter 2 and Annex A
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/08/13103747/0.

4 Department for Constitutional Affairs, Devolution Guidance Note 10: Post-Devolution Primary Legislation affecting Scotland (last updated November 2005),
http://www.dca.gov.uk/constitution/devolution/guidance/dgn10.pdf.

5 See Scottish Government, "Move to close damages loophole" 1 April 2009,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2009/04/01140512.

6 Scottish Government, Choosing Scotland's Future (August 2007),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/08/13103747/0.

7 http://www.anationalconversation.com.

8 Full details of the National Conversation are on the National Conversation website:
www.anationalconversation.com.

9 http://www.scotland.gov.UnitedKingdom/Topics/a-national-conversation/Tell-us/Blog.

10 HM Government, Building Britain's Future,
http://www.hmg.gov.UnitedKingdom/buildingbritainsfuture.aspx.

11 See POWER2010,
http://www.power2010.org.uk/.

12 Constitutional Reform and Government Bill House of Commons,
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200809/cmls://s/142/09142.i-iv.html.

13 http://allwalesconvention.org/?skip=1&lang=en.

14 Independent Commission for Funding and Finance for Wales, Funding devolved government in Wales: Barnett & beyond (July 2009),
http://wales.gov.uk/icffw/home/report/firstreport/?lang=en.

15 Scottish Government, The Scottish Government's Response to the Recommendations of the Commission on Scottish Devolution (November 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/11/09152544/0.

16 Further details on many subjects can be found in the National Conversation policy papers listed at paragraph 1.18, and on the National Conversation website at
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation.

17 Scottish Government, Choosing Scotland's Future (August 2007), 4-5,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/08/13103747/0.

18 See Commission on Scottish Devolution, The Future of Scottish Devolution within the Union: A First Report (December 2008), 60-64,
http://www.commissiononscottishdevolution.org.uk/uploads/2008-12-01-vol-1-final--bm.pdf.

19 See Scottish Government, The Government Economic Strategy (November 2007),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/12115041/0.

20 See Scottish Government, The Government Economic Strategy (November 2007),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/12115041/0.

21 See Scottish Government, The Government Economic Strategy (November 2007),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/12115041/0.

22 Approximately 70% of total identifiable public sector expenditure for Scotland in 2007/08 can be loosely classified as 'devolved expenditure'. See Scottish Government, Government Expenditure and Revenue Scotland 2007/08 ( GERS 2007/08) (June 2009), Table 6.8,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/06/18101733/0.

23 It is estimated that a one pence change in the SVR would be worth approximately plus or minus £350 million in 2009/10 and £360 million in 2010/11. HM Treasury Budget 2009,
http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/bud_bud_09_index.htm.

24 Scottish Government, Borrowing Powers: Information to be shared with the Calman Commission (March 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a_national_conversation.

25 Bank of England, Monetary Policy Framework,
http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/monetarypolicy/framework.htm.

26 For example, the Scottish Government believes that the £12 billion cost of reducing VAT to 15% announced by the Chancellor at the 2008 pre-budget report, would have been better spent on increasing net investment. Scottish Government analysis has shown that the net effect in terms of jobs would have been greater.

27 Scottish Government, Fiscal Autonomy in Scotland: The case for change and options for reform (February 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/02/23092643/0.

28 GERS 2007/08.

29 For example, the Norwegian Government announced in January 2009 that it would use a proportion of its oil wealth to fund a £2 billion fiscal stimulus package. In contrast to other countries, Norway has been able to implement these measures without relying on large increases in government borrowing. The Norwegian Government projects that it will run a budget surplus of 7.4 % of mainland GDP in 2009, higher than any other country in Europe. See Scottish Government, An Oil Fund for Scotland: Taking forward our National Conversation (July 2009), 26,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/07/28112701/0.

30 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 86-110,
http://www.commisionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

31 See Jim Cuthbert and Margaret Cuthbert, Open Letter to the Calman Commission: Technical Failings in the Calman Proposals on Income Tax, 16 July 2009,
http://www.cuthbert1.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/;

The Scotsman, "Long-term planning is threatened by report", 17 June 2009,
http://thescotsman.scotsman.com/opinion/Longterm-planning-is-threatened-by.5371689.jp;

The Scotsman, "Calman panel member warns of 'disastrous' tax changes", 21 June 2009,
http://news.scotsman.com/latestnews/Calman-panel-member-warns-of.5386447.jp.

32 For a discussion of full devolution see Scottish Government, Fiscal Autonomy in Scotland: The case for change and options for reform (February 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/02/23092643/0.

33 See, for example, Andrew Hughes-Hallett et al, Options for Scotland's Future - the Economic Dimension (David Hume Institute occasional paper no. 80, November 2008),
http://www.davidhumeinstitute.com/DHI%20Website/publications/hop/HOP%2080.pdf, and

Reform Scotland, Powers for Growth (March 2008),
http://www.reformscotland.com/index.php/publication/view_details/17/.

34 Reform Scotland, Fiscal Powers (2nd edition) (October 2009),
http://www.reformscotland.com/include/publications/fiscal_powers_2nd_edition.pdf.

35 See Scottish Government, Fiscal Autonomy: The case for change and options for reform (February 2009), 25-31,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/02/23092643/0.

36 Scottish Government, Borrowing Powers: Information to be shared with the Calman Commission (March 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a_national_conversation.

37 Paul Krugman, "Growth on the periphery: Second winds for industrial regions?", The Allander Series, University of Strathclyde Business School (2003),
http://www.strath.ac.uk/media/departments/economics/fairse/media_140850_en.pdf, and

C. Paul Hallwood and Ronald MacDonald, The Political Economy of Financing Scottish Government: Considering a New Constitutional Settlement for Scotland (Studies in Fiscal Federalism and State-Local Finance) (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009).

38 Council of Economic Advisers, minutes of Scottish meeting, 2009,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Economy/Council-Economic-Advisers/Meetings/2009-meetings/2009-meeting.

39 HM Treasury, Financial stability,
http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/fin_finstability_index.htm.

40 Scottish Government, The Hypothetical Scottish Shares of Revenues and Expenditures from the United Kingdom Continental Shelf 2000-2013 (June 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/06/UKContinentalShelfRevenue, and

Alexander G. Kemp and Linda Stephen, Expenditures and Revenues from the UKCS - Estimating the hypothetical Scottish Shares 1970-2005 (North Sea Study Occasional Paper no. 70, Department of Economics, University of Aberdeen, 1999); The Economist, "History repeats itself" 20 June 2008.

41 When a geographical share of North Sea revenues is included. See GERS 2007/08,

42 OECD Economic Outlook, Number 84, November 2008.

43 Scottish Government, Fiscal Autonomy in Scotland, (February 2009)
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/02/23092643/0,

18; House of Commons Library, The Barnett Formula, research paper 07/91 (December 2007); Independent Commission on Funding & Finance for Wales, Funding devolved government in Wales: Barnett & beyond (July 2009),
http://wales.gov.uk/icffw/home/report/firstreport/?lang=en;

Hansard HC vol. 497 col. 292283 (Secretary of State for Scotland on Barnett formula, 14 October 2009),
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/cm200809/cmhansrd/cm091014/debtext/91014-0002.htm#09101435000038;

House of Lords, Select Committee on the Barnett Formula, The Barnett Formula: Report with Evidence (July 2009), HL Paper 139,
http://www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld/ldbarnett.htm.

44 Ministry of Justice, Securing the Future: Proposals for the efficient and sustainable use of custody in England and Wales (December 2007),
http://www.justice.gov.uk/publications/securing-the-future.htm.

45 The Economist, "Where economics went wrong" 16 July 2009.

46 Mervyn King, speech to the CBI Dinner, Nottingham, 20 January 2009,
http://www.bankofengland.co.uk/publications/speeches/2009/speech372.pdf.

47 Scottish Government, Quarterly Gross Domestic Product for Scotland and the UK (updated October 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Economy/GDP, and

HM Treasury, Public Finance Databank (updated October 2009),
http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/psf_statistics.htm.

48 HM Treasury, Reforming financial markets (July 2009),
http://www.hm-treasury.gov.UnitedKingdom/reforming_financial_markets.htm.

49 Bloomberg, "Fortis gets €11.2 billion rescue from governments" 28 September 2009,
http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601087&sid=ahlKDjeO0Lik&refer=home.

50 See Scottish Government, An Oil Fund for Scotland: Taking forward our National Conversation (July 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/07/28112701/0.

51 Scottish Government, An Oil Fund for Scotland, (July 2009) 27,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/07/28112701/0.

52 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 94 - 96.
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

53 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Evidence from the Independent Expert Group to the Commission on Scottish Devolution: Natural Resource Taxation and Scottish Devolution (June 2009), 12 - 13.
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

54 See Scottish Government, The Government Economic Strategy (November 2007),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/12115041/0.

55 See Scottish Consumer Council written response to the National Conversation (February 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation/NC-contributions-inds-org.

56 Scottish Government, The Government Economic Strategy (November 2007), section B.1 Growth
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/12115041/0.

57 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 6.
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

58 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 173-174.
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

59 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 209.
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

60 See the Educational Institute of Scotland response to the National Conversation (May 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation/NC-contributions-inds-org.

61 Brian Ashcroft and David Bell, The Key to Economic Success in Scotland (Policy Institute, 2007),
http://policyinstitute.info/research-publications/economy/the-key-to-economic-success-in-scotland.

62 See Scottish Consumer Council written response to the National Conversation (February 2008) and Scottish Competition Law Forum written response to the National Conversation (September 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation/NC-contributions-.hds-org.

63 Scottish Government, Scotland's Global Connections 2007 (March 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Economy/Exports/GCSData.

64 KPMG Government Services, Administrative Burdens: HMRC Measurement Project (March 2006),
http://www.hmrc.gov.uk/better-regulation/kpmg1.pdf.

65 CBI, United Kingdom Business Tax: A Compelling Case for Change (2008),
http://www.cbi.org.uk/pdf/taxsection01.pdf.

66 Office for National Statistics, Labour Force Survey,
http://www.statistics.gov.uk/Cci/nscl.asp?ID=6621; GERS 2007/08.

67 GERS 2007/08.

68 Office for National Statistics, Workforce Jobs,
http://www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/Analysis.asp?vlnk=132&More=Y.

69 Scottish Government, Annual Population Survey in Scotland 2007: A Compendium of Labour Market Statistics (June 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/06/25095306/0.

70 Scottish Government, Scotland's Global Connections 2007 (March 2009) ,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Economy/Exports/GCSData.

71 Scottish Government, Scottish Annual Business Statistics 2007 (updated August 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/16170/4363.

72 Scottish Enterprise, Energy Baseline Study (2009).

73 Scottish Government, The Strategy for the Financial Services Industry in Scotland, Annual Report 2009 (May 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/05/27091345/0.

74 Scottish Government, Scottish Annual Business Statistics 2007 (updated August 2009) ,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/16170/4363.

75 Scottish Government, Food and Drink Key Sector Report (October 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/10/23153824/0.

76 Visit Scotland, Tourism in Scotland 2008 (2009),
http://www.visitscotland.org/research_and_statistics/national_facts_and_figures.htm.

77 Scottish Government, Scottish Annual Business Statistics 2007,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/16170/4363;

Scottish Government, Scottish Global Connections 2007 (March 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Economy/Exports/GCSData.

(Creative industries cannot be precisely defined using standard industrial codes. For details of approach used to track the sector see Annex A1, Mapping the Creative Industries to official data classifications,
http://www.culture.gov.uk/images/research/Creative_Industries_Economic_Estimates_Jan_09.pdf .)

78 Derived from Scottish Enterprise database of life science companies,
http://www.scottish-enterprise.com/life_sciences_sector.htm.

79 QS, The QS World University Rankings 2007,
http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2009/results.

80 Higher Education Statistics Agency ( HESA),
http://www.hesa.ac.uk/index.php.

81 Scottish Government, Metrics for the Scottish Research Base (modified March 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Business-Industry/science/16607/research-1.

82 OECD Directorate for Education, Education at a Glance 2009: OECD Indicators,
http://www.oecd.org/document/9/0,3343,en_2649_39263238_41266761_1_1_1_1,00.html.

83 Standard and Poor's, "Spain's Basque Country Affirmed At ' AAA' And Off CreditWatch On Unique Fiscal Autonomy/Robust Finances; Outlook Stable" (January 2009),
http://www.euskadi.net/r33-2734/eu/contenidos/nota_prensa/standard_aaa/eu_st_aaa/adjuntos/03.Standard.pdf;

Isabelle Joumard and Aristomène Varoudakis, "Options for Reforming the Spanish Tax System" OECD Economics Department Working Papers 249, OECD Economics Department (2000),
http://ideas.repec.org/p/oec/ecoaaa/249-en.html.

84 See Scottish Government, The Government Economic Strategy (November 2007),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/12115041/0.

85 For example, in 2007 there were 310 persons of pensionable age to 1,000 persons of working. This ratio is projected to increase to 399 by 2031. General Register Office Scotland, Population Projections Scotland: Population projections by sex, age and administrative area (revised October 2008),
http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/publications-and-data/popproj/06pop-proj-scottishareas/index.html.

86 General Register Office Scotland, Population Projections Scotland (2008-based) (revised October 2009),
http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/publications-and-data/popproj/projected-population-of-scotland-2008-based/index.html.

87 Scottish Broadcasting Commission, Platform for Success: Final report of the Scottish Broadcasting Commission (September 2008), 40-45,
http://www.scottishbroadcastingcommission.gov.uk/about/Final-Report.

88 Scottish Government, Opportunities for Broadcasting: Taking forward our National Conversation (September 2009), 17.
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/09/23125613/0.

89 This subject was discussed at the National Conversation event in Melrose on 28 July 2009. See
http://www.anationalconversation.com.

90 Scottish Government, Poverty and income inequality in Scotland: 2007/08 (May 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/05/povertyfigures0708.

91 Department of Work and Pensions, Households Below Average Income: An analysis of the income distribution, 1994/95 - 2007/08 (May 2009),
http://research.dwp.gov.uk/asd/hbai/hbai2008/pdf_files/full_hbai09.pdf;

European Commission, Employment and social policy indicators: Indicators of the social inclusion strand (last updated April 2009),
http://epp.eurostat.ec.europa.eu/portal/page/portal/employment_and_social_policy_indicators/omc_social_inclusion_and_social_protection/social_inclusion_strand.

92 See, for example, Jonathan Bradshaw, 'Child Poverty and Child Outcomes', Children and Society, vol. 16, issue 2 (April 2002), 131-140; Scottish Government, Estimating the Cost of Child Poverty in Scotland - Approaches and Evidence (April 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/01/28111819/0;

and Prince's Trust, The Cost of Exclusion: Counting the cost of youth disadvantage in the UK (April 2007),
http://www.princes-trust.org.uk/about_the_trust/what_we_do/research/cost_of_exclusion.aspx.

93 See Scottish Federation of Housing Associations written response to the National Conversation (December 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation/NC-contributions-inds-org.

94 See Scottish Government, Achieving Our Potential: a framework for tackling poverty and income inequality in Scotland (November 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/11/20103815/0.

95 Scottish Government, Choosing Scotland's Future (August 2007), 13,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/194791/0052321.pdf.

96 See, for example, Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 200-208.
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

97 GERS 2007/08. Estimate includes an illustrative geographical share of North Sea revenues.

98 Scottish Government, Communities and People: Taking Forward our National Conversation (November 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation.

99 Department for Work and Pensions, First Release: Income Related Benefits Estimates of Take-Up in 2007-08 (June 2009) ,
http://www.dwp.gov.uk/docs/ifd250609benefits.pdf.

100 See Scottish Government, Rural Affairs, Environment and Climate Change: Taking Forward our National Conversation (October 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/288135/0088042.pdf.

101 See, for example, the National Trust for Scotland written response to the national Conversation (August 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation/NC-contributions-inds-org.

102 See, for example, Scottish Government, "Scheme to help preserve cod stocks" 4 February 2008,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2008/02/01144700;

and Scottish Government, "Fish conservation" 4 April 2008,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2008/04/04113754.

103 Scottish Government, FMD Review (Scotland) 2007 (June 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.UnitedKingdom/Publications/2008/06/23130049/21.

104 HM Treasury and DEFRA, A Vision for the Common Agricultural Policy (December 2005),
http://www.defra.gov.uk/foodfarm/policy/capreform/documents/vision-for-cap.pdf.

105 See Scottish Association for Public Transport written response to the National Conversation (October 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation/NC-contributions-inds-org.

106 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 98.
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

107 See Scottish Federation of Housing Associations written response to the National Conversation (December 2008),
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

108 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Evidence from the Independent Expert Group to the Commission on Scottish Devolution: Natural Resource Taxation and Scottish Devolution (March 2006),
http://www.commissiononscottishdevolution.org.uk/uploads/2009-06-06-ieg-natural-resource-taxation-1.pdf.

109 For information on the Nordic energy market, see Nordic Energy, Ten Perspectives on Nordic Energy: Final Report of the Nordic Energy Perspectives Project (September 2006),
http://www.nordicenergy.net/publications.cfm?id=3-0&path=10.

110 Scottish Government, Action Plan on European Engagement, Appendix I - European Union Review and Forward Look: Update on Key Areas for Engagement,
http://www.scotland.gov.UnitedKingdom/Publications/2009/09/07093832/1.

111 Scotland Act 1998, schedule 5, section G2; section J1-J5,
http://www.opsi.gov.uk/Acts/acts1998/ukpga_19980046_en_1;

see also Scottish Government, Choosing Scotland's Future Annex A: Reservations in the Scotland Act 1998,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/08/13103747/0.

112 Scottish Government, Communities and People: Taking Forward our National Conversation (November 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/a-national-conversation/NC-contributions-inds-org.

113 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), recommendation 5.13, 187 - 188; recommendation 5.14, 188 - 190; recommendation 5.15, 190 - 191; and recommendation 5.16, 191 - 192,
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

114 Scottish Parliament official report, 18 December 2008,
http://www.scottish.parliament.uk/business/officialReports/meetingsParliament/or-08/sor1218-01.htm;

Scottish Government, Scotland's Road Safety Framework to 2020 (June 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/06/08103221/0.

115 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 193,
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

116 See Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), Part 4: Strengthening Co-operation,
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

117 Scottish Government, Europe and Foreign Affairs: Taking forward our National Conversation (September 2009),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/09/08143726/0.

118 See Scottish Government, Europe and Foreign Affairs: Taking forward our National Conversation (September 2009), Annex A - Membership of International Organisations and Ministries of Foreign Affairs,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2009/09/08143726/0.

119 Scotland Act 1998, schedule 5, part I, s.9(1); Scotland Act 1998, schedule 5, part II, section B8; Scotland Act 1998, schedule 5, part II, section B10,
http://www.opsi.gov.uk/acts/acts1998/ukpga_19980046_en_1.

120 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 62,
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

121 Commission on Scottish Devolution, Serving Scotland Better: Scotland and the United Kingdom in the 21st Century, Final Report (June 2009), 124,
http://www.commissionscottishdevolution.org.uk/.

122 See, for example, Scottish Government, Choosing Scotland's Future (August 2007), 3, 8-9,
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/08/13103747/0.

123 Scotland Act 1998, ss. 56-57.

124 Ministry of Justice, Governance of Britain - War Powers and Treaties: Limiting Executive Power (October 2007 - March 2008),
http://www.justice.gov.uk/consultations/cp2607.htm.

125 HM Treasury, Public Expenditure Statistical Analyses 2009 (July 2009), Table 4.2, 'Public sector expenditure on services by function, 1987-88 to 2009-09', 66,
http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/pespub_pesa09.htm.

126 See Hansard HC Deb, 9 September 2009, c 2000W and HC Deb, 22 October 2009, c 1634W; GERS 2006/07, Table 6.4:
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Resource/Doc/228544/0061858.pdf.

127 Ministry of Defence, UK Defence Statistics 2009 (September 2009), Table 2.2, 'Location of service and personnel in the United Kingdom', 51,
http://www.dasa.mod.uk/modintranet/UKDS/UKDS2009/pdf/UKDS2009.pdf.

128 Scottish Government, Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2007 Core Module Report 1: Attitudes to Government in Scotland (May 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/05/16095134/13.

129 Scottish Office, Shaping Scotland's Parliament: Report of the Consultative Steering Group on the Scottish Parliament (December 1998),
http://www.scotland.gov.UnitedKingdom/library/documents-w5/rcsg-00.htm.

130 Electoral Commission, Scottish Elections 2007: The independent review of the Scottish Parliament and local government elections 3 July 2007 (October 2007),
http://www.electoralcommission.org.uk/document-summary?assetid=13223.

131 Scottish Government, Scottish Social Attitudes Survey 2007 Core Module Report 1: Attitudes to Government in Scotland (May 2008),
http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/05/16095134/13.