1 An updated Economic Recovery Programme document was published by the Scottish Government on 15 June 2009 and can be found at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/News/Releases/2009/06/15102302
2 The Government Economic Strategy ( GES), November 2007, http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2007/11/12115041/0
3 Adapted from a presentation by Chad Evans Vice President, Council on Competitiveness to the American Association for the Advancement of Science, February 2005
4 Information on the Knowledge Transfer Grant for HEIs and Colleges can be obtained from the Scottish Funding Council: http://www.sfc.ac.uk/index.htm
5 What does modern growth analysis say about government policy towards growth? http://www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/d/249.pdf
6 'Research on Scottish Productivity'. Available from: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Economy/17858/scottish-productivty
7 Background analysis: Strengths and weaknesses of the UK innovation system.
8 OECD 'From R&D to productivity growth: do the institutional settings and the sources of funds for R&D matter?'. Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, 2004, 66(3).
10 A table of the various types of support for businesses available from the public sector is attached at Annex A
11 Science for Scotland: A strategic framework for science in Scotland http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2008/11/24143207/0
12 See Mark H Moore: Creating Public Value: Strategic Management in Government
13 OECD WORK ON INNOVATION - A STOCKTAKING OF EXISTING WORK, STI WORKING PAPER 2009/2, Science and Technology Policy, DSTI/ DOC(2009)2
14 OECD (2006a), Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2006, OECD, Paris.
15 OECD (2001a), Innovation and Productivity in Services, OECD, Paris.
16 OECD (2007b), Science, Technology and Innovation Indicators in a Changing World: Responding to
17 Policy Needs, OECD, Paris. The evidence on these indicators is available at a Scotland level with comparable international data available. These indicators tend to show that while Scotland exceeds UK, OECD and EU comparators on higher education and government spend on R&D, it falls fairly far behind in terms of business R&D spend as a proportion of GDP (with the UK as a whole also falling behind in OECD and EU comparators on business R&D ( BERD) spend). See for example statistics on R&D in Scotland available on the Scottish Government website: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Topics/Statistics/Browse/Business/BERD and analysis in the statistical annex to the Strategic Framework for Science in Scotland (2008)
18 Chesbrough, Henry, Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and Profiting from Technology, Harvard Business School Press, Boston, MA, 2006.
19 Dames, Robson, Smith, Tumilty: Beyond open innovation: leveraging social capital, The Journal of The Institute of Telecommunications Professionals • Volume 2 Part 3
20 Von Hippel E. (1988), "The Sources of Innovation", Oxford University Press.
23 ICT Investment and Economic Growth in the 1990s: Is the United States a Unique Case? A Comparative Study of Nine OECD Countries.
Authors: Colecchia 1.1; Schreyer, Review of Economic Dynamics, Volume 5, Number 2, April 2002, pp408-422(35) Publisher: Academic Press
24 Eskills UK: Technology Counts, January 2008
27 Growth in total factor productivity ( TFP) is the part of productivity growth that cannot directly be accounted for by growth in inputs (labour, capital and materials)