Risk and Protective Factors for Suicide and Suicidal Behaviour: A Literature Review

DescriptionA systematic international literature review of review-level data on suicide risk factors and primary evidence of protective factors against suicide
ISBN9780755973040
Official Print Publication DateDecember 2008
Website Publication DateDecember 03, 2008

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Joanne McLean, Scottish Development Centre for Mental Health
Margaret Maxwell, Department of Applied Social Science, University of Stirling
Stephen Platt, Research Unit in Health, Behaviour and Change, University of Edinburgh
Fiona Harris, Community Health Sciences - General Practice Section, University of Edinburgh
Ruth Jepson, Department of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Stirling
ISBN 978 0 7559 7304 0 (Web only publication)
This document is also available in pdf format (764k)

CONTENTS

LIST OF TABLES, FIGURES AND MODELS

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Background
Methods
Results
Gaps in the evidence
Conclusions

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Background
Objectives
Scope and theoretical framework

CHAPTER TWO: METHODOLOGY
Step-wise methodology
Identifying and selecting the evidence on risk factors
Identifying the evidence on protective factors
Data extraction strategy
Quality assessment strategy
Data synthesis and analysis
Limitations

CHAPTER THREE: RESULTS
Introduction
Risk factors: the evidence
Protective factors: the evidence

CHAPTER FOUR: DISCUSSION
Modelling the interplay between risk and protective factors in suicidal behaviour
Extent to which included studies address marginalised groups
Gaps in the evidence available to this review

CHAPTER FIVE: CONCLUSIONS
Relevance to and implications for Scottish policy and practice
Challenges, limits and implications for future research

REFERENCES

GLOSSARY

Annex 1: Quorum statement
Annex 2: Search histories for systematic reviews of risk factors
Annex 3: Mapping tool for risk factors
Annex 4: Search histories for systematic reviews of protective factors
Annex 5: Search histories for primary studies of protective factors
Annex 6: Expert panel
Annex 7: Mapping tool for protective factors
Annex 8: List of references
Annex 9: Data extraction fields
Annex 10: Quality assessment tools
Annex 11: Evidence tables
Annex 12 Additional searches for primary studies of risk factors

The views expressed in this report are those of the researcher and
do not necessarily represent those of the Department or Scottish Ministers.

This report is available on the Scottish Government Social Research website only
www.scotland.gov.uk/socialresearch.