National Management Manual for the Effective Delivery of Accredited Offending Behaviour Programmes in the Community

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Footnotes

1 A revised set of standards, agreed by the newly established Scottish Accreditation Panel, will be published in 2008
2 Merrington, S. & Hine, J. (2001) A Handbook for Evaluating Probation Work with Offenders
3 National Probation Service (2002) National Management Manual for Effective Delivery of Accredited Programmes in the Community (V2), London: Home Office
4 Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Probation (2002) Audit of Accredited Group Work Programmes: A Review Following the First Year of implementation. London: HMIP
5 Holt, P. (2000) Case Management: Context for Supervision Community and Criminal Justice Monograph 2, Leicester: De Montfort University
6 Hollin, C. (1995) The Meaning and Implications of 'Programme Integrity' in McGuire, J. (Ed) (1995) What Works: Reducing Reoffending, Chichester: John Wiley
7 The Effective Practice Unit, Community Justice Services Division, Scottish Government, St Andrew's House, Regent Road, Edinburgh EH1 3DG
8 Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Probation (2002) Audit of Accredited Group Work Programmes: A Review Following the First Year of implementation. London: HMIP
9 Lipsey, M.W. (1995). What do we learn from 400 research studies on the effectiveness of treatment with juvenile delinquents? In McGuire, J (Ed), What works: Reducing re-offending - Guidelines from research and practice, Chichester: Wiley
10 Scottish Executive (2000) National Objectives and Standards for Social Work Services in the Criminal Justice System. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive
11 Andrews, D.A. (1995). The psychology of criminal conduct and effective treatment. In McGuire, J. (Ed). What Works: Reducing Re-offending. Chichester: John Wiley and Sons.
12 McGuire, J. (2002) Integrating Findings from Research Reviews in McGuire, J. (ed) (2002) Offender Rehabilitation and Treatment, Effective Programmes and Policies to Reduce Re-offending, Chichester: Wiley
13 Hollin, C. & Palmer, E. (2006) Offending behaviour programmes: controversies and resolutions in Hollin, C. & Palmer, E. (Eds)(2006) Offending behaviour programmes. Development, application, and controversies, Chichester: Wiley
14 Hollin, C. (2006) Offending Behaviour Programmes and Contention: Evidence-based Practice, Manuals, and Programme Evaluation. In Hollin, C. & Palmer, E. (eds)(2006) Offending behaviour programmes. Development, application, and controversies, Chichester: Wiley
15 Hollin, C. & Palmer, E. (2006) op. cit.
16 Kennedy, S.M. (2001) Treatment responsivity: Reducing recidivism by enhancing treatment effectiveness. In L.L. Motiuk & R.C. Serin (Eds), Compendium 2000 on effective correctional programming, Volume 1. Ottawa, Correctional Services Canada
17 Davies, K. Lewes, J. Byatt, J. Purvis, E. & Cole, B. (2004) An evaluation of the literacy demands of general offending behaviour programmes. Home Office research findings No.233. London: Home Office
18 Andrews, D.A., Zinger, I., Hoge, R.D., Bonta, J., Gendreau, P. & Cullen, F.T. (1990) Does correctional treatment work? A clinically relevant and psychologically informed meta-analysis. Criminology, 28, 369-404
19 Marshall, W.L , Fernandez, Y. M., Serran, G. A., Mulloy, R., Thornton, D., Mann R. E & Anderson D. (2003) Process variables in the treatment of sexual offenders: A review of the literature. Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 8, 205-234
20 Scottish Executive (2000) National Objectives and Standards for Social Work Services in the Criminal Justice System. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive
21 Social Work Services Group (1991) Social Work Supervision: Towards Effective Policy and Practice - A Supplement to the National Objectives and Standards for Social Work Services in the Criminal Justice System. In National Objectives and Standards for Social Work Services in the Criminal Justice System. Edinburgh: Scottish Office
22 Holt, P. (2000) Case Management: Context for Supervision Community and Criminal Justice Monograph 2, Leicester: De Montfort University
23 Holt, P (2000) ibid.
24 Rubin, A. (1992) Case Management in Rose, S.R. (Ed) Case Management and Social Work Practice White plains, NY: Longman
25 Chapman, T. and Hough, M. (1998) Evidence Based Practice: A Guide to Effective Practice. London: Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Probation
26 Kemshall, H., Holt, P., Bailey, R., & Boswell, G. (2004) Beyond programmes: organisational and cultural issues in the implementation of What Works. In G. Mair (Ed) What Matters in Probation. Cullompton: Willan Publishing
27 Underdown, A. (2001) Compliance: a manger's perspective. In Bottoms, A., Gelsthorpe, L. & Rex, S (Eds) Community Penalties: change and challenges. Cullompton: Willan Publishing
28 National Probation Directorate (2002) Accredited Programmes Performance Report 2001-2002 London: National Probation Service
29 Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Probation ( HMIP) (2002) Annual Report. London: Home Office
30 Kemshall, H. & Canton, R. (2002) The Effective Management of Programme Attrition. A report for the National Probation Service (Welsh Region) Leicester: De Montfort University
31 Hollin, C. & Palmer, E. (2006) Offending behaviour programmes: controversies and resolutions in Hollin, C. & Palmer, E. (eds)(2006) Offending behaviour programmes. Development, application, and controversies, Chichester: Wiley
32 Goldstein, A. P. & Glick, B. (2001) Aggression Replacement Training: Application and evaluation management. In G.A. Bernfield, D.P. Farrington & A. W. Leschied (Eds), Offender rehabilitation in practice: Implementing and evaluating effective programmes. Chichester: Wiley
33 Gendreau, P., Goggin, C. & Smith, P. (1999) The forgotten issue in effective correctional treatment: Program implementation. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 43, 180-187
34 Reppucci, N.D. (1973) Social psychology of institutional change: General principles for intervention. American Journal of Community Psychology, 1, 330-341
35 Kemshall, H., Holt, P., Bailey, R., & Boswell, G. (2004) Beyond programmes: organisational and cultural issues in the implementation of What Works. In G. Mair (Ed) What Matters in Probation. Cullompton: Willan Publishing
36 Underdown, A. (1998) Strategies for Effective Offender Supervision: Report of the HMIP 'What Works' Project. London: Home office/ HMIP
37 Kemshall et al. (2004) op. cit.
38 Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Probation ( HMIP) (2002) Annual Report. London: Home Office
39 Udall, S. (2001) Seamless supervision: the role of managers in effective practice. VISTA, 6(2): 132-142
40 Kemshall et al. (2004) op. cit.
41 ibid.
42 ibid.
43 ibid.
44 Underdown, A. (1998) op. cit.
45 Burnett, R. (1994). The odds of going straight: people who offend own predictions. In Sentencing, Quality and Risk: Proceedings of the 10th Annual Conference on Research and Information in the Probation Service. Midlands Probation Training Consortium, Birmingham. Pezzin, L.E. (1995) Earning prospects, matching effects and the decisions to terminate a criminal career. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 11, (1), 29-50Pezzin (1995)
46 McGuire, J. & Priestley, P. (1995) Reviewing 'What Works': Past, Present and Future In McGuire, J. (Ed) What Works: Reducing Reoffending. Chichester: John Wiley
47 McMurran, M. (2002) Motivation to change: selection criterion or treatment need? In McMurran, M. (Ed) Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide to Enhancing Engagement in Therapy. Chichester: John Wiley
48 Miller, W. & Rollnick, S. (1991) Motivational Interviewing Preparing People to Change Addictive Behaviour. New York: Guilford Press and also McMurran (2002)
49 Stephens, 2002, Stephens, K. (2002). What is programme attrition? Towards an action-oriented typology. West Yorkshire probation Area. Morgan, 2003 Morgan, L. (2003). Programme Attrition. Gwent probation Area. and Chopourian, 2003 Chopourian, G. (2003). Accredited Programmes Attrition: Focus Upon Think First In West Midlands Probation Area. West Midlands Probation Area
50 Sussex Probation Area (2003) Accredited Programmes: Reducing Attrition, Increasing Engagement. Report by the Performance & Excellence Unit, Sussex Probation Area
51 Ward, T., Day, A., Howells, K. & Birgden, A. (2004) The multifactor offender readiness model. Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 9, 645-673
52 Howells, K., & Day, A. (2002) Readiness for anger management: Clinical and theoretical issues. Clinical Psychology Review, 32, 319-337
53 Ward et al. (2004) op. cit.
54 McGuire, 2001McGuire, J. (2001). What works in correctional intervention? Evidence and Practice implications. In Bernfeld, G.A , Farrington, D.P., and Leschied, A.W. (Eds), Offender rehabilitation in practice: Implementing and evaluating effective programmes (pp 25-43). Chichester: John Wiley and Sons
55 1Ward et al. (2004) op. cit.
56 Arnkoff, D. B., Glass, C.R. & Shapiro, S.J. (2002) Expectations and preferences. In J.C. Norcross (Ed) Psychotherapy relationships that work: Therapist contributions and responsiveness to patients. New York: Oxford University Press
57 Baxter, D.J., Marion, A., & Goguen, B. (1995) Predicting treatment response in correctional settings. Forum on Corrections Research, 7
58 Chew, F., Palmer,S., Slonska, Z., & Subbiah, K. (2002) Enhancing health knowledge, health beliefs and health behaviour in Poland through a health promoting television program series. Journal of Health Communication, 7, 179-196
59 Casey, P., & Rottman, D.B. (1998) Theraputic jurisprudence in the courts. Behavioural Sciences and the Law, 18, 445-457
60 Tangeny, J.P. (1999) The self-conscious emotions: Shame, guilt, embarrassment and pride. In T. Dalgleish & M. Power (Eds), Handbook of cognition and emotion. London: Wiley
61 Proeve, M. J. (2002) Responsivity factors in sex offender treatment. In T. Ward, D.R. Laws, & S.M. Hudson (Eds), Sexual deviance: Issues and controversies. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
62 Bumby, K.M. (2000) Empathy, inhibition, intimacy deficits, and attachment difficulties in sex offenders. Remaking relapse prevention with sex offenders: a sourcebook. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage
63 Ford, M.E. (1992) Motivating humans: Goals, emotions and personal agency beliefs. Newbury Park, CA: Sage
64 Young, D. (2002) Impacts of perceived legal pressure on retention in drug treatment. Criminal Justice and Behaviour, 29, 27-55
65 McMurran, M. (2002) Motivation to Change: Selection Criterion or Treatment Need. In McMurran, M. (Ed) Motivating people who offend to change: A Guide to Enhancing Engagement in Therapy. Chichester: John Wiley and sons
66 Wild, T.C., Cunningham, J., and Hobden,K. (1998). When do people believe that alcohol treatment is effective? The importance of perceived client and therapist motivation. Psychology of Addictive Behaviours, 12, 93-100
67 Polcin and Weisner, 1999 Polcin, D.L., & Weisner, C. (1999). Factors associated with coercion in entering treatment for alcohol problems. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 54, 63-68
68 McMurran, M. (Ed) (2002) Motivating Offenders to Change: A Guide to Enhancing Engagement in Therapy. Chichester: John Wiley Viets, V.L., Walker, D.D. & Miller, W.R. (2002). What is motivation to change? A scientific analysis. In McMurran, M. (2002) Motivating People who offend to Change. Chichester: Wiley
69 Hanson, R.K., & Bussiere, T. (1998). Predicting Relapse: A meta-analysis of sexual offender recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 348-362
70 Beck and Freeman 1990 Beck, A.T., & Freeman, A. (1990). Cognitive Theory of Personality Disorders. New York: Guildford Press
71 Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (2000). The 'What' and 'Why' of goal pursuits: Human need and the self-determination of behaviour. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268
72 Prochaska, J.O., & Levesque, D.A. (2002). Enhancing motivation of people who offend at each stage of change and phase of therapy. In McMurran, M. (Ed), Motivating People who offend to Change: A Guide to enhancing engagement in Therapy (57-73). Chichester: Wiley
73 Kanfer and Shefft (1988) Kanfer, F.H., & Schefft, B.K. (1988). Guiding the Process of Therapeutic Change. Champaign, I11: Research Press
74 Ward, T. (2002) Good lives and the rehabilitation of offenders; Promises and problems. Aggression and Violent Behaviour, 7, 513-528; Ward, T. & Brown, M. (2004) The Good Lives Model and Conceptual Issues in Offender Rehabilitation. Psychology, Crime and Law, 10(3), 243; Ward, T. & Gannon, T.A. (2006) Rehabilitation, etiology, and self regulation: The comprehensive good lives model of treatment for sexual offenders
75 Ward, T. & Brown, M. (2004) ibid
76 Cummins, R.A. (1996) The domains of life satisfaction: an attempt to order chaos. Social Indicators Research, 38, 303-328. Emmons, R.A. (1996) Striving and feeling: personal goals and subjective well being. In P.M. Gollwitzer & J.A. Bargh (Eds) The Psychology of Action: Linking Cognition and Motivation to Behaviour. New York: Guilford. Deci, E.L., & Ryan, R.M. (2000) op cit
77 Ward, T. & Brown, M. (2004) The Good Lives Model and Conceptual Issues in Offender Rehabilitation. Psychology, Crime and Law, 10(3), 243
78 McMurran, M., & Ward, T. (2004). Motivating people who offend to change in therapy: An organizing framework. Legal and Criminological Psychology, 9, 295-311
79 Pelletier, L.G., Tuson, K.M., & Haddad, N.K. (1997). Client motivation for therapy scale: A measure of intrinsic motivation, and amotivation for therapy. Journal of Personality Assessment, 68, 414-435
80 Bandura, A. (1986). Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall
81 Locke, E.A. (1996). Motivation through conscious goal setting. Applied and Preventative Psychology, 5, 117-124
82 Andrew, D.A., Zinger, I., Hoge, R.D., Bonta, J., Gendreau, P. & Cullen, F.T. (1990) Does correctional treatment work? A clinically relevant and psychologically informed meta-analysis. Criminology, 28, 369-404
83 Cervone, 2000 Cervone, D. (2000). Thinking about Self-Efficacy. Behaviour Modification
84 Larimer M.E., Palmer, R.S., & Marlatt, G.A. (1999). Relapse prevention: An overview of Marlatt's Cognitive-Behavioural model. Alcohol Research and Health, 23, (2), 151-160
85 Laws, D.R. (1999). Relapse prevention - The state of the art. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 14, (3), 285-302
86 Rex, S. (1999). Desistance from offending: Experiences of Probation. The Howard Journal, 38, (4), 366-383
87 Trotter, C.(1999) Working with involuntary clients: a guide to practice. London: Sage Publications
88 Gendreau & Andrews, 1991 Gendreau, P., & Andrews, D.A. (1991). Tertiary prevention : What the meta-analyses of the offender treatment literature tell us about 'What Works'. Canadian Journal of Criminology, 32, 173-184
89 Rex, S. (1999) op. cit.
90 Trotter, C. (1999) op. cit.
91 Farrington, 1992 Farrington, D.P. (1992). Criminal Career research in the United Kingdom. British Journal of Criminology, 32, 521-536
92 McMurran, M., & Ward, T. (2004). op. cit.