Proposed Plastic Bag Levy - Extended Impact Assessment: Volume 1: Main Report

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References

Apgate

Based on the Applegate database, www.apgate.com

ARA

Inquiry into Plastic Bag Tax (Assessment and Collection) Bill 2002 and Plastic Bag (Minimisation of Usage) Education Fund Bill 2002. Submission to Senate Environment, Communications, Information Technology and the Arts Committee, June 2003.

www.aph.gov.au/Senate/committee/ecita_ctte/completed_inquiries/2002-04/plastic_bags/submissions/sub245.pdf

Aus Govt

Department of the Environment and Heritage

www.deh.gov.au/industry/waste/plastic-bags

Aus Stats

Year Book Australia 2002, Population clock as of 10 March 2005, Australian Bureau of Statistics

www.abs.gov.au/Ausstats/ abs@.nsf/0/1647509ef7e25faaca2568a900154b63?OpenDocument

BBC

Tax on Plastic Bags Considered, BBC News, 6 May 2002.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/1969997.stm

BRC

Communication from the British Retail Consortium, March 2005.

Carrefour

Évaluation des impacts environnementaux des sacs de caisse Carrefour. Analyse du cycle de vie de sacs de caisse en plastique, papier et matériau biodégradable', Report prepared for Carrefour, Ecobilan, February 2004. www.ademe.fr/htdocs/actualite/rapport_carrefour_post_revue_critique_v4.pdf

CBC

UK Carrier Bag Consortium Response to Consultation Document - an Environmental Levy Bill 'Carrier Bag Tax For Scotland', May 2004. www.carrierbagtax.com

CSO.ie

Central Statistics Office Ireland www.eirestat.cso.ie

CSO.ie2005

Population Statistics 1901-2002, Central Statistics Office Ireland. www.cso.ie/statistics/popn1901to2002.htm

Defra 2003

What Happens to Waste: Plastic and Plastic Bags

www.defra.gov.uk/environment/waste/topics/plastics.htm

Defra 2005

Charting Progress - An Integrated Assessment of the State of UK Seas www.defra.gov.uk/environment/water/marine/uk/stateofsea/chartprogress.pdf

DEH

Plastic Shopping Bags - Analysis of Levies and Environmental Impacts, Prepared by Nolan- ITU in association withRMITCentre for Design and Eunomia Research and Consulting Ltd, December 2002.

http://www.deh.gov.au/settlements/publications/waste/plastic-bags/analysis.html

Dixons

Dixons Group and Nelson Packaging Bag Environmental Award for UK's First Fully-Recycled Carrier Bag, Dixons News Release, 17 May 2004.

http://dsgportal01.dixons.co.uk/wps/portal/!ut/p/_s.7_0_A/7_0_IQ/.cmd/ad/.c/6_3_1F3/.ce/7_1_25E/.p/5_1_1C5?PC_7_1_25E_contentID=6028520

Eco-emballages

Presentation given by Breffini Bolze at IEGLCA meeting, Porto, September 2004.

ENCAMS

The Annual Local Environmental Quality Survey of England 2002/2003. www.encams.org/BestPractice/LEQSEReport.asp?Sub=1&Menu=0.26.15.154.158

ENDS Daily

Environment Daily 1842, ENDS, 16 March 2005.

Envt Canada

Marine Debris in Canada: Facts and Figures. www.ec.gc.ca/marine/debris/ENG/facts.htm

ERM

Responses to the Irish Plastic Bags Levy, Environmental Resources Management.

EU Commission

http://europa.eu.int/comm/enterprise/environment/index_home/emantool_indic_prodrel_vappr/polymer.htm

EuroCommerce

The Use of LCAs on Plastic Bags in an IPP Context, EuroCommerce (Verbrugghe), September 2004.

FRIDGE

Socio-Economic Impact of the Proposed Plastic Bag Regulations.

www.nedlac.org.za/research/fridge/plastics

Galgani

Distribution and Abundance of Debris on the Continental Shelf of the Bay of Biscay and in Seine Bay, F Galgani et al., Marine Pollution Bulletin, 1995, Volume 30, Issue 1.

Hansard 2004

Lords Hansard, 26 October 2004: Column 1163

www.publications.parliament.uk/pa/ld200304/ldhansrd/vo041026/text/41026-01.htm#column_1163

HM Treasury 2002

Plastic Bag Tax Assessment, December 2002.

IKEA

Personal communication from the assistant manager at IKEA Edinburgh.

INCPEN- ENCAMS

Litter Composition Survey of England April-July 2004. Commissioned by INCPEN, undertaken by ENCAMS. www.incpen.org/resource/userdata/ipu/encamsincpenreportfinal24jan2005.pdf

Independent

Record Levels of Plastic Litter on Beaches. The Independent, 22 March 2005.

KSB

Local Environmental Audit and Management System ( LEAMS) Annual Report. LEAMS Benchmarking Report 2003 - 2004.

MCS 2003

Beachwatch 2003 - The Annual UK Beach Litter Survey Report, Marine Conservation Society. www.adoptabeach.org.uk/GetInvolved/beachwatch2003.html

MCS 2004

Beachwatch 2004 - The Annual UK Beach Litter Survey Report, Marine Conservation Society. www.adoptabeach.org.uk/News/beachwatch04.htm

MCS 2005

Long Term Impacts of Plastic Bags in the Marine Environment, Marine Conservation Society, 2005.

Nolan- ITU

Plastic Retail Carry Bag Use 2002-2004 Consumption, March 2005. Report by Nolan- ITU Pty Ltd for the Department of Environment and Heritage.

www.deh.gov.au/industry/waste/publications/plastic-bags-consumption/pubs/plasticbag-use0304.pdf

Nottingham

An Analysis of the Recycling of Low Density Polythene ( LDPE) at Alida Recycling Ltd, Nottingham University Consultants Limited.

NSW

Plastic Bags. Briefing Paper No. 5/2004. Parliament of New South Wales, Australia www.parliament.nsw.gov.au/prod/parlment/publications.nsf/0/33469EB37225F1F8CA256ECF00077479

ONS

Family Spending: A Report on the 2002-2003 Expenditure and Food Survey, 2004. www.statistics.gov.uk/StatBase/Product.asp?vlnk=361

Polybags

www.polybags.co.uk

Pringle

An Environmental Levy Bill - Consultation Document. www.mikepringlemsp.com

Retail Research

Key Results of the European Retail Theft Barometer 2004. J Bamfield, 2004. Centre for Retail Research. www.retailresearch.org/theft_barometer/index.php

Reusable Bags

www.reusablebags.com/facts.php?id=9

RMIT

The Impacts of Degradable Plastic Bags in Australia. Final report to the Department of the Environment and Heritage prepared by ExcelPlas Australia, Centre for Design at the Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology ( RMIT) and Nolan- ITU, September 2003.

www.deh.gov.au/industry/waste/degradables/impact/index.html

San Francisco Chronicle

Bagging the Bags. San Francisco Chronicle, 28 January 2005.

http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2005/01/28/EDGD5B10501.DTL

SEPA

Waste Data Digest 4. 2002 and 2002/2003 data www.sepa.org.uk/pdf/publications/wds/wdd_4.pdf

Stats Scot

www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/pyramids/pages/179.asp

Stats UK

www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/pyramids/pages/uk.asp

SWAG

Public Attitudes to Reduce Reuse Recycle in Scotland. Waste Aware Scotland.

Symphony Plastic Technologies

Briefing Note on Degradable Plastics. Symphony Plastic Technologies plc

UCD

Applying Environmental Product Taxes and Levies - Lessons from the Experience with the Irish Plastic Bags Levy, FJ Convery and S McDonnell, University College Dublin, June 2003.

UK Trade Info

www.uktradeinfo.com/index.cfm

Waste Watch

What People Think About Waste 1999. NOP Research Group Ltd for Waste Watch. www.wasteonline.org.uk/resources/WasteWatch/1999WhatPeopleThinkAboutWaste_files/page3.html

WRAP 2004a

Response from WRAP to the Environmental Levy Bill, May 2004.

WRAP 2004b

Self-sustaining 'Bag for Life' Initiative, October 2004.

WRAP 2004c

Presentation to Retailer Meeting by WRAP, November 2004.

WRAP 2005

Carrier Bag Usage and Attitudes - Benchmark and Target Market Study , March 2005.

Note: All URLs accessed as of 30 May 2005.

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Small changes in the way we perform everyday tasks can have huge impacts on Scotland's environment.

Walking short distances rather than using the car, or being careful not to overfill the kettle are just two positive steps we can all take.

This butterfly represents the beauty and fragility of Scotland's environment. The motif will be utilised extensively by the Scottish Executive and its partners in their efforts to persuade people they can do a little to change a lot.