Minimum Standards for Open Space

DescriptionThe research establishes national minimum standards for open space and will inform the forthcoming review of National Planning Policy Guideline 11: Sport, Physical Recreation and Open Space.
ISBN0755926048
Official Print Publication Date
Website Publication DateJuly 19, 2005

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by Ironside Farrar Ltd, Edinburgh
ISBN 0 7559 2604 8

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CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
Introduction
The Research Aims
Research Objectives
Scotland's Open Spaces
Current Planning Advice and Policy Framework
CHAPTER TWO: METHODOLOGY
Project Stages
CHAPTER THREE: SCOTTISH AND EUROPEAN POLICY CONTEXT - A LITERATURE REVIEW
Introduction
Scottish Executive Policy and Planning Advice
Other Relevant Organisations: Policy Advice and Non-Statutory Guidance
Wider Issues - The Value of Open Space
European Approaches and Policy
Review of Core Approaches to Open Space Standards
Conclusions
CHAPTER FOUR: BEST PRACTICE REVIEW
Introduction
CASE STUDY 1: East Dunbartonshire Council Greenspace Team
CASE STUDY 2: Aberdeenshire Council Community Orientated Developer Contribution
CASE STUDY 3: Dundee's Public Open Space Strategy
CASE STUDY 4: Stirling Council's Development Advice Note
CASE STUDY 5: Scottish Enterprise Lanarkshire Gartcosh Nature Reserve
CASE STUDY 6: MacRosty Park, Crieff
CASE STUDY 7: The Drum Residential Estate, Bo'ness
CASE STUDY 8: Wilton Street, Glasgow, Kelvin Clyde Greenspace
CASE STUDY 9: The Hidden Gardens, Glasgow
CASE STUDY 10: Drumry Play Area, West Dunbartonshire
Delivering Sustainable Quality
CHAPTER FIVE: QUESTIONNAIRE AND INTERVIEW CONSULTATION PROCESS
Introduction
Consultation Methodology
Questionnaire Consultation Findings
UK Interview and Telephone Consultation Summary Findings
CHAPTER SIX: CURRENT UK AND SCOTLAND OPEN SPACE STANDARDS
Introduction
Existing Non-Statutory UK Open Space Standards
National UK Open Space Standards
English Local Authority Open Space Standards
Scottish Local Authority Open Space Standards
Conclusions
CHAPTER SEVEN: WORKSHOP CONSULTATION PROCESS
Introduction
Workshop 1
Workshop 2
Conclusions
CHAPTER EIGHT: PROPOSED OPEN SPACE STANDARDS FRAMEWORK
Introduction
The Broad Consensus
A Strengthened Policy Framework for Open Space Standards
Defining a National Minimum Standard for Open Space in New Developments
Local Authorities and Open Space Strategies
Flexibility of Delivery - A Sequential Test
Financial Support for Open Space Strategies and Initiatives
CHAPTER NINE : THE PROPOSED OPEN SPACE STANDARDS
Introduction
Recommendations
The Proposed Minimum Open Space Standard
ANNEX 1: BIBLIOGRAPHY
ANNEX 2: CONSULTATION LIST

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1 PAN 65 Open Space Typology
Table 2 Denmark Case Study
Table 3 France Case Study
Table 4 Germany Case Study
Table 5 Italy Case Study
Table 6 Netherlands Case Study
Table 7 Spain Case Study
Table 8 Sweden Case Study
Table 9 Switzerland Case Study
Table 10 USA Case Study
Table 11 Eindhoven Case Study
Table 12 Barcelona Case Study
Table 13 Open Space Strategy and Audit Progress
Table 14 Open Space Strategy and Audit Timescales
Table 15 Development of Standards for New Residential Developments
Table 16 Development of Standards for Existing Settlements
Table 17 Relevance of National Open Space Standards
Table 18 Types of Open Spaces to be Included in a National Standard
Table 19 Relevance of National Standards to New Housing Developments
Table 20 Relevance of National Standards to Existing Settlements
Table 21 Composition of a National Standard
Table 22 Relevance of National Open Space Standards
Table 23 Relevance of National Standards to New Housing Developments
Table 24 Relevance of National Standards to Existing Settlements
Table 25 Provision of Type of Open Space by Developers
Table 26 Methods of Post Adoption Maintenance
Table 27 English Local Authority Open Space Standards
Table 28 Review of Scottish Local Authority Open Space Standards
Table 29 Relevance of Existing Open Space Standards to Pan 65 Typology
Table 30 Inclusion of Pan 65 Typology Relevance in Open Space Standards
Table 31 Inclusion of Pan 65 Typology in Standards
Table 32: OPTION 1: National Guidance and Locally Set Standards
Table 33: Potential Local Authority Open Space Standards
Table 34: OPTION 2: National Guidance and National New-build Standards
Table 35: OPTION 3: National Guidance and National Accessibility Standards
Table 36: OPTION 4: National Guidance and National Open Space Standards
Table 37: Potential / Indicative Thresholds
Table 38: Open Space Typology Relevant to Use Classes
Table 39: Quantum of Open Space Provision in New Build
Table 40: The Process of Setting Standards for Existing and New Open Space Provision
Table 41: PAN 65 Typology and Standards
Table 42: National Minimum Open Space Standards for New Development

The views expressed in this report are those of the researcher and
do not necessarily represent those of the Department or Scottish Ministers.

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