EFFECTIVE AND COST-EFFECTIVE MEASURES TO REDUCE ALCOHOL MISUSE IN SCOTLAND: AN UPDATE TO THE LITERATURE REVIEW
Anton,R.F., Moak,D.H., Latham,P.K., Waid,L.R., Malcolm,R.J., Dias,J.K., and Roberts,J.S. (2001): Posttreatment results of combining naltrexone with cognitive- behavior therapy for the treatment of alcoholism. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 21(1):72-77.
Apodaca,T.R. and Miller,W.R. (2003): A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of bibliotherapy for alcohol problems. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 59(3):289-304.
Annemans,L., Vanoverbeke,N., Tecco,J. and D'Hooghe,D. (2000): Economic evaluation of Campral (Acamprosate) compared to placebo in maintaining abstinence in alcohol-dependent patients, European Addiction Research, 6:71-78.
Ashley,O.S., Marsden,M.E., and Brady,T.M. (2003): Effectiveness of substance abuse treatment programming for women: A review. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 29(1): 19-53.
Babor,T., Caetano,R., Casswell,S., Edwards,G., Giesbrecht, N., Graham,K., Grube,J., Gruenewald,P., Hill,L., Holder,H., Homel,R., Österberg,E., Rehm, J., Room, R. and Rossow,I. (2003): Alcohol: No Ordinary Commodity. Research and Public Policy. Oxford University Press
Balldin,J., Berglund,M. and Borg,S. (1998) The Swedish naltrexone study: present results. European Psychiatry 14(Suppl 14):154s (abstract)
Bamford,Z., Booth,P.G., McGuire,J., and Salmon,P. (2003): Treatment outcome following day care for alcohol dependency: the effects of reducing programme length. Health & Social Care in the Community, 11(5):440-445.
Barrick,C. and Connors,G.J. (2002): Relapse prevention and maintaining abstinence in older adults with alcohol-use disorders. Drugs & Aging, 19(8):583-594.
Burke,B.L., Arkowitz,H., and Menchola,M. (2003): The efficacy of motivational interviewing: A meta-analysis of controlled clinical trials. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71(5):843-861.
Chaloupka,F.J.. Grossman,M. and Saffer,H (2002) : The effects of price on alcohol consumption and alcohol related problems. Alcohol Research and Health, 26(1):22-34.
Cuijpers,P. (2002a): Effective ingredients of school-based drug prevention programs - A systematic review. Addictive Behaviors, 27(6):1009-1023.
Cuijpers,P. (2002b): Peer-led and adult-led school drug prevention: A meta-analytic comparison. Journal of Drug Education, 32(2):107-119.
D'Onofrio,G. and Degutis,L.C. (2002): Preventive care in the emergency department: screening and brief intervention for alcohol problems in the emergency department: a systematic review. Academic Emergency Medicine, 9(6):627-638.
Derzon,J.H. and Lipsey,M.W. (2002): A meta-analysis of the effectiveness of mass-communication for changing substance-use knowledge, attitudes, and behavior. In: Crano,W.D. and Burgoon,M.(Eds). Mass media and drug prevention: Classic and contemporary theories and research. Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Drummond,D.C. (2002): Meta-analysis in alcohol treatment research: Does it help us to know what works? Addiction, 97(3): 297-299.
Dunn,C., Deroo,L., and Rivara,F.P. (2001): The use of brief interventions adapted from motivational interviewing across behavioral domains: A systematic review. Addiction, 96(12): 1725-1742.
Elder,R.W., Shults,R.A., Sleet,D.A., Nichols,J.L., Zaza,S., and Thompson,R.S. (2002): Effectiveness of sobriety checkpoints for reducing alcohol-involved crashes. Traffic Injury Prevention, 3(4): 266-274.
Emmen,M.J., Schippers,G.M., Bleijenberg,G. and Wollersheim,H. (2004): Effectiveness of opportunistic brief interventions for problem drinking in a general hospital setting: a systematic review. British Medical Journal (Online First) doi:10.1136/bmj.37956.562130.EE (published 16 January 2004)
Evans,C.A., Jr., Fielding,J.E., Brownson,R.C., England,M.J., Fullilove,M.T., Guerra,F.A., Hinman,A.R., Isham,G.J., Land,G.H., Mahan,C.S., Mullen,P.D., Nolan,P.A., Scrimshaw,S.C., Teutsch,S.M., Thompson,R.S., and Task Force on Community Prevention Services (2001): Motor-vehicle occupant injury: strategies for increasing use of child safety seats, increasing use of safety belts, and reducing alcohol-impaired driving. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report. Recommendations & Reports. 50(RR-7):1-14.
Fleming,M.F., Mundt,M.P., French,M.T., Manwell,L.B., Stauffacher,E.A., and Barry,K.L. (2002): Brief physician advice for problem drinkers: long-term efficacy and benefit-cost analysis. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 26(1):36-43.
Foxcroft,D.R., Ireland,D., Lister-Sharp,D.J., Lowe,G., and Breen,R. Primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young people (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 4. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
Foxcroft,D.R., Ireland,D., Lister-Sharp,D.J., Lowe,G., and Breen,R. (2003): Longer-term primary prevention for alcohol misuse in young people: a systematic review. Addiction, 98(4):397-411.
Freeborn,D.K., Polen,M.R., Hollis,J.F., and Senft,R.A. (2000): Screening and brief intervention for hazardous drinking in an HMO: effects on medical care utilization. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 27(4):446-453.
French,M.T., Salome,H.J., Krupski,A., McKay,J.R., Donovan,D.M., McLellan,A.T., and Durell,J. (2000): Benefit-cost analysis of residential and outpatient addiction treatment in the state of Washington. Evaluation Review, 24(6):609-634.
Heinälä,P., Kuoppasalmi,K., Lönnqvist,J., Kiianmaa,K., Sinclair,D. and Alho,I.I. (2001) Targeted use of naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence: a double-blind placebo-controlled Finnish trial. Journal of Psychopharmacology 21:287-292.
Hilton,M.E., Fleming,M., Glick,H., Gutman,M.A., Lu,Y., McKay,J., McLellan,A.T., Manning,W., Meadows,J., Mertens,J.R., Moore,C., Mullahy,J., Mundt,M., Parthasarathy,S., Polsky,D., Ray,G.T., Sterling,S., and Weisner,C. (2003): Services integration and cost-effectiveness. Alcoholism-Clinical and Experimental Research, 27(2):271-280.
Hingson,R.W. and Howland,J. (2002): Comprehensive community interventions to promote health: Implications for college-age drinking problems. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, S14:226-240.
Hodgson,R.J., John,B., Abbasi,T., Hodgson,R.C., Waller,S., Thom,B., and Newcombe,R.G. (2003): Fast screening for alcohol misuse. Addictive Behaviors, 28(8):1453-1463.
Huibers,M.J.H., Beurskens,A.J.H.M., Bleijenberg,G., and Schayck,C.P. van (2003): The effectiveness of psychosocial interventions delivered by general practitioners (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 4. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
Hulse,G.K. and Tait,R.J. (2003): Five-year outcomes of a brief alcohol intervention for adult in-patients with psychiatric disorders. Addiction, 98(8):1061-1068.
Humphreys,K. and Moos,R. (2001): Can encouraging substance abuse patients to participate in self-help groups reduce demand for health care? A quasi-experimental study. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 25(5):711-716.
Judd,P.H., Thomas,N., Schwartz,T., Outcalt,A., and Hough,R. (2003): A dual diagnosis demonstration project: Treatment outcomes and cost analysis. Journal of Psychoactive Drugs, 181-192.
Kiefer,F., Jahn,H., Tarnaske,T., Helwig,H., Briken,P., Holzbach,R., Kampf,P., Stracke,R., Baehr,M., Naber,D., and Wiedemann,K. (2003): Comparing and combining naltrexone and acamprosate in relapse prevention of alcoholism - A double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(1):92-99.
Kranzler,H.R. and Van Kirk,J. (2001): Efficacy of naltrexone and acamprosate for alcoholism treatment: a meta-analysis. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 25(9):1335-1341.
Kranzler,H.R., Armeli,S., Tennen,H., Blomqvist,O., Oncken,C., Petry,N., and Feinn,R. (2003): Targeted naltrexone for early problem drinkers. Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, 23(3):294-304.
Ludbrook,A., Godfrey,C., Wyness,L., Parrott,S., Haw,S., Napper,M. and van Teijlingen E. (2002) Effective and cost-effective measures to reduce alcohol misuse in Scotland. Edinburgh: Scottish Executive Health Department.
Marques,A.C. and Formigoni,M.L. (2001): Comparison of individual and group cognitive-behavioral therapy for alcohol and/or drug-dependent patients. Addiction, 96(6):835-846.
Mason,B.J. (2001): Treatment of alcohol-dependent outpatients with acamprosate: A clinical review. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 62(S20):42-48.
McIntosh,M.C., Leigh,G., Baldwin,N.J., and Marmulak,J. (1997) Reducing alcohol consumption: comparing three brief methods in family practice. Canadian Family Physician, 43:1959-1967.
McKay,J.R., Donovan,D.M., McLellan,T., Krupski,A., Hansten,M., Stark,K.D., Geary,K., and Cecere,J. (2002): Evaluation of full vs. partial continuum of care in the treatment of publicly funded substance abusers in Washington State. American Journal of Drug & Alcohol Abuse, 28(2):307-338.
Miller,T.R., Lestina,D.C. and Spicer,R.S. (1998): Highway crash costs in the United States by driver age, blood alcohol level, victim age, and restraint use. Accident Analysis and Prevention, 30:137-150.
Moos,R.H. and Moos,B.S. (2003): Long-term influence of duration and intensity of treatment on previously untreated individuals with alcohol use disorders. Addiction, 98(3):325-337.
Morrison,D.S., Petticrew,M., and Thomson,H. (2003): What are the most effective ways of improving population health through transport interventions? Evidence from systematic reviews. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 57(5):327-333.
Moyer,A., Finney,J.W., Swearingen,C.E., and Vergun,P. (2002): Brief interventions for alcohol problems: A meta-analytic review of controlled investigations in treatment-seeking and non-treatment-seeking populations. Addiction, 97(3):279-292.
Nalpas,B., Combescure,C., Pierre,B., Ledent,T., Gillet,C., Playoust,D., Danel,T., Bozonnat,M.C., Martin,S., Balmes,J.L., and Daures,J.P. (2003): Financial costs of alcoholism treatment programs: a longitudinal and comparative evaluation among four specialized centers. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 27(1):51-56.
Newburn,T. and Shiner,M. (2001): Teenage kicks?: young people and alcohol: a review of the literature. York: Joseph Rowntree Foundation.
O'Malley,S.S., Jaffe,A.J., Chang,G., Rode,S., Schottenfeld,R.S., Meyer,R.E. and Rounsaville,B (1996): Six-month follow-up of naltrexone and psychotherapy for alcohol dependence. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53:217-224.
Overman,G.P., Teter,C.J., and Guthrie,S.K. (2003): Acamprosate for the adjunctive treatment of alcohol dependence. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 37(7-8):1090-1099.
Palmer,A.J., Neeser,K., Weiss,C., Brandt,A., Comte,S., and Fox,M. (2000): The long-term cost-effectiveness of improving alcohol abstinence with adjuvant acamprosate. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 35(5):478-492.
Parthasarathy,S., Mertens,J., Moore,C., and Weisner,C. (2003): Utilization and cost impact of integrating substance abuse treatment and primary care. Medical Care, 41(3):357-367.
Reinert,D.F. and Allen,J.P. (2002): The Alcohol Use Disorder Identification Test (AUDIT): a review of recent research. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 26(2):272-9.
Rubio,G., Jimenez-Arriero,M.A., Ponce,G., and Palomo,T. (2001): Naltrexone versus acamprosate: One year follow-up of alcohol dependence treatment. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 36(5):419-425.
Rychlik,R., Siedentop,H., Pfeil,T., and Daniel,D. (2003): Cost-effectiveness of adjuvant treatment with acamprosate in maintaining abstinence in alcohol dependent patients. European Addiction Research, 9(2):59-64.
Saffer,H. and Dave,D. (2002) Alcohol consumption and alcohol advertising bans. Applied Economics, 30:1325-1334.
Salome,H.J., French,M.T., Scott,C., Foss,M., and Dennis,M. (2003): Investigating variation in the costs and benefits of addiction treatment: econometric analysis of the Chicago Target Cities Project. Evaluation and Program Planning, 26:325-338.
Savage,C., Wray,J., Ritchey,P.N., Sommers,M., Dyehouse,J., and Fulmer,M. (2003): Current screening instruments related to alcohol consumption in pregnancy and a proposed alternative method. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing, 32(4):437-46.
Schadlich,P.K. and Brecht,J.G. (1998): The cost effectiveness of acamprosate in the treatment of alcoholism in Germany, Pharmacoeconomics, 13(6):719-730.
Shakeshaft,A.P., Bowman,J.A., Burrows,S., Doran,C.M., and Sanson-Fisher,R.W. (2002): Community-based alcohol counselling: a randomized clinical trial. Addiction, 97(11):1449-1463.
Shope,J.T., Dielman,T.E., Butchart,A.T., Campanelli,P.C. and Kloska,D.D. (1992): An elementary school-based alcohol misuse prevention program: a follow-up evaluation. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 53:106-121.
Shults,R.A., Elder,R.W., Sleet,D.A., Nichols,J.L., Alao,M.O., Carande-Kulis,V.G., Zaza,S., Sosin,D.M., Thompson,R.S., and Task Force on Community Preventive Services (2001): Reviews of evidence regarding interventions to reduce alcohol-impaired driving. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 21(4)S1:66-88
Skara,S. and Sussman,S. (2003): A review of 25 long-term adolescent tobacco and other drug use prevention program evaluations. Preventive Medicine, 37(5):451-474.
Slattery,J., Chick,J., Cochrane,M., Craig,J., Godfrey,C., Kohli,H., MacPherson,K., Parrott,S., Quinn,S., Tochel, C. and Watson,H. (2003) Prevention of relapse in alcohol dependence. Health Technology Assessment Report 3. Glasgow: Health Technology Board Scotland.
Sobell,L.C., Sobell,M.B., Leo,G.I., Agrawal,S., Johnson-Young,L., and Cunningham,J.A. (2002): Promoting self-change with alcohol abusers: a community-level mail intervention based on natural recovery studies. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 26:936-948.
Soyka,M. and Chick,J. (2003): Use of acamprosate and opioid antagonists in the treatment of alcohol dependence: A European perspective. American Journal on Addictions, 12:S69-S80
Spoth,R.L., Guyll,M., and Day,S.X. (2002): Universal family-focused interventions in alcohol-use disorder prevention: cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses of two interventions. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63(2):219-228.
Srisurapanont,M. and Jarusuraisin,N. (2003): Opioid antagonists for alcohol dependence. (Cochrane review) In The Cochrane Library, Issue 2 . Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.
Storer,R.M. (2003): A simple cost-benefit analysis of brief interventions on substance abuse at Naval Medical Center Portsmouth. Military Medicine, 168(9):765-768.
Streeton,C. and Whelan,G. (2001): Naltrexone, a relapse prevention maintenance treatment of alcohol dependence: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 36(6):544-552.
Tait,R.J. and Hulse,G.K. (2003): A systematic review of the effectiveness of brief interventions with substance using adolescents by type of drug. Drug and Alcohol Review, 22(3):337-346.
Thomas,C. and Corcoran,J. (2001): Empirically based marital and family interventions for alcohol abuse: a review. Research on Social Work Practice, 11(5):549-575.
Tobler,N.S. (2000): Lessons learned. Journal of Primary Prevention, 20(4): 261-274
Tobler,N.S., Roona,M.R., Ochshorn,P., Marshall,D.G., Streke,A.V., and Stackpole,K.M. (2000): School-based adolescent drug prevention programs: 1998 meta-analysis. Journal of Primary Prevention, 20(4):275-335.
Treno,A.J. and Lee,J.P. (2002) Approaching alcohol problems through local environmental interventions. Alcohol Research and Health, 26(1):35-41
Wagenaar,A.C. and Toomey,T.L. (2002): Effects of minimum drinking age laws: Review and analyses of the literature from 1960 to 2000. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, S14:206-225.
Waller,S., Naidoo,B. and Thom,B. (2002): Prevention and reduction of alcohol misuse: review of reviews. Evidence Briefing. Health Development Agency. London.
Werch,C.E. and Owen,D.M. (2002): Iatrogenic effects of alcohol and drug prevention programs. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63(5):581-590.
Wutzke,S.E., Conigrave,K.M., Saunders,J.B. and Hall,W.D. (2002): The long-term effectiveness of brief interventions for unsafe alcohol consumption: a 10-year follow-up. Addiction, 97:665-675
Zilberman,M.L., Tavares,H., Blume,S.B., and el Guebaly,N. (2002): Towards best practices in the treatment of women with addictive disorders. Addictive Disorders & Their Treatment, 1(2):39-46.
Aertgeerts,B., Buntinx,F., Ansoms,S., and Fevery,J. (2002): Questionnaires are better than laboratory tests to screen for current alcohol abuse or dependence in a male inpatient population. Acta Clinica Belgica, 57:241-249.
Armstrong,M.A., Midanik,L.T., Klatsky,A.L., and Lazere,A. (2001): Utilization of health services among patients referred to an alcohol treatment program. Substance Use & Misuse, 36:1781-1793.
Ballesteros,J., Arino,J., Gonzalez-Pinto,A., and Querejetad,I. (2003): [Effectiveness of medical advice for reducing excessive alcohol consumption. Meta-analysis of Spanish studies in primary care]. Gaceta Sanitaria, 17:116-122.
Barth-Van Veldhuizen,H.G.J., Reinders,C., Loonen,A.J.M., and Nolen,W.A. (2003): Anticonvulsants in the treatment of aggression, anxiety, psychosis and alcohol and cocaine withdrawal symptoms. Tijdschrift voor Psychiatril, 45(1):35-43.
Brower,K.J. and Carey,T.L. (2003): Racially related health disparities and alcoholism treatment outcomes. Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research, 27(8):1365-1367.
Coffield,A.B., Maciosek,M.V., McGinnis,J.M., Harris,J.R., Caldwell,M.B., Teutsch,S.M., Atkins,D., Richland,J.H., and Haddix,A. (2001): Priorities among recommended clinical preventive services. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 21(1):1-9.
Corcoran,J. (2001): Treatment approaches for child welfare mothers with addiction problems: an empirical review to guide practice. Journal of Social Work Practice in the Addictions, 1(4):5-24.
Deeks,J.J., Dinnes,J., D'Amico,R., Sowden,A.J., Sakarovitch,C., Song,F., Petticrew,M., and Altman,D.G. (2003): Evaluating non-randomised intervention studies. Health Technology Assessment, 7(27).
Dorfman,S.L. and Smith,S.A. (2002): Preventive mental health and substance abuse programs and services in managed care. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 29(3):233-258.
French,M.T., Salome,H.J., and Carney,M. (2002): Using the DATCAP and ASI to estimate the costs and benefits of residential addiction treatment in the State of Washington. Social Science & Medicine, 55:2267-2282.
Goodman,A.C. (2001): Cost-benefit analysis and alcoholism treatment. Economics of Neuroscience, 3(12): 47-51.Graham,A. (2002): Review: brief interventions reduce drinking in patients not seeking treatment. Evidence-Based Mental Health, 5(4):116-117.
Graham,A. (2002): Review: brief interventions reduce drinking in patients not seeking treatment. ACP Journal Club, 137(2):58-59.
Graz,B., Cornuz,J., and Daeppen,J.B. (2001): [Management of patients with alcohol problems: how effective? Several response factors based on a review of the literature]. Revue Medicale de la Suisse Romande, 121:895-897.
Horn,K. and Kolbo,J.R. (2000): Application of a cumulative strategies model for drug abuse prevention: Exploring choices for high risk children. Journal of Drug Education, 30:291-312.
Jason,L.A., Davis,M.I., Ferrari,J.R., and Bishop,P.D. (2001): Oxford House: a review of research and implications for substance abuse recovery and community research. Journal of Drug Education, 31(1):1-27.
Koenig,H.G. (2001): Religion and medicine II: Religion, mental health, and related behaviors. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine, 31(1):97-109.
McCrady,B.S. and Ziedonis,D. (2001): American Psychiatric Association practice guideline for substance use disorders. Behavior Therapy, 32:309-336.
McKay,J.R. (2001): Effectiveness of continuing care interventions for substance abusers - Implications for the study of long-term treatment effects. Evaluation Review, 25(2):211-232.
Mosher,J. and Jernigan,D. (2001): Making the link: a public health approach to preventing alcohol-related violence and crime. Journal of Substance Use, 6(4):273-89.
Norinder,A., Persson,U., Nilsson,P., Nilsson,J.A., Hedblad,B., and Berglund,G. (2002): Costs for screening, intervention and hospital treatment generated by the Malmo Preventive Project: a large-scale community screening programme. Journal of Internal Medicine, 251(1):44-52.
Oncken,C., Van Kirk,J., and Kranzler,H.R. (2001): Adverse effects of oral naltrexone: analysis of data from two clinical trials. Psychopharmacology, 154(4):397-402.
Parthasarathy,S., Weisner,C., Hu,T.W., and Moore,C. (2001): Association of outpatient alcohol and drug treatment with health care utilization and cost: revisiting the offset hypothesis. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 62:89-97.
Raskin,E. and Williams,L. (2003): Brief intervention: cost-effective help for problem drinkers. Issue Brief (George Washington University.Medical Center. Ensuring Solutions to Alcohol Problems), 1-2.
Riemsma,R.P., Pattenden,J., Bridle,C., Sowden,A.J., Mather,L., Watt,I.S., and Walker,A. (2002): A systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions based on a stages-of-change approach to promote individual behaviour change. Health Technology Assessment, 6(24).
Ritsher,J.B., Moos,R.H., and Finney,J.W. (2002): Relationship of treatment orientation and continuing care to remission among substance abuse patients. Psychiatric Services, 53(5):595-601.
Swift,R.M. (2001): The pharmacotherapy of alcohol dependence: Clinical and economic aspects. Economics of Neuroscience, 3(12):62-66.
Thornquist,L., Biros,M., Olander,R., and Sterner,S. (2002): Health care utilization of chronic inebriates. Academic Emergency Medicine, 9(4):300-308.
Townsend,M., Kladder,V., Ayele,H., and Mulligan,T. (2002): Systematic review of clinical trials examining the effects of religion on health. Southern Medical Journal, 95(12):1429-1434.
Tucker,J.A., Vuchinich,R.E., and Rippens,P.D. (2002): Predicting natural resolution of alcohol-related problems: a prospective behavioral economic analysis. Experimental & Clinical Psychopharmacology, 10:248-257.
Van Klei,W.A., Havenaar,J.M., Klijn,F.A.M., and Van Dijk,A. (2000): Ethanol in the treatment of delirium in alcohol dependent patients in Dutch intensive care units: Effectiveness not proven. Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 144(15): 710-712.
Wild,T.C., Roberts,A.B., and Cooper,E.L. (2002): Compulsory substance abuse treatment: An overview of recent findings and issues. European Addiction Research, 8:84-93.
Wilson,D.B., Gottfredson,D.C., and Najaka,S.S. (2001): School-based prevention of problem behaviors: A meta-analysis. Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 17(3):247-272.
Wright,N. and Black,N. (2003): Alcohol and primary care - Will an emphasis upon harm reduction engage general practitioners? British Journal of General Practice, 53(495): 755-757.