INDICATORS OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT FOR SCOTLAND
Current Target/ Trend
Delivering a sustainable economy means enhancing prosperity while reducing our impact on the environment. In particular we need to reduce the carbon intensity of the Scottish economy.
Index of CO 2 emissions divided by GDP
80 in 1999 (1)
No target - the absolute value has no significance but a reducing trend is desirable
Work: people as a resource
A high employment rate is a key sustainable development objective. Employment enables people to meet their own needs and by contributing to the economy they benefit the whole of society.
Percentage of unemployed working age people
(Social Justice Milestone 13)
No target - a downward trend is desirable: the Executive is committed to reducing the percentage of working age people who are unemployed
A sustainable Scotland will include a balance of children, people of working age and older people. We need to ensure that we retain the talents and skills of people of all ages.
Proportion of population which is working age
No target - an assessment over time of the trend and rate of change will need to be made.
Waste material represents a valuable resource. We need to reduce the amount of material we dispose of, and do more to minimise our waste, reuse it and recycle.
Municipal waste arisings in million tonnes of waste (4)
2.9 million tonnes (5)
2.6 million tonnes by 2010, 2.3 million tonnes by 2020 (6)
Increasing recycling of materials is part of our strategy to improve resource efficiency - doing more with less.
Percentage of total household waste recycled
Waste targets, including a recycling target, will be set in the light of the National Waste Plan to be finalised in late 2002
The bulk of our waste goes to landfill - this represents a waste of useful material as well as a blight on the communities who live near landfill sites. Our priority is to reduce landfilling of biodegradable waste.
Biodegradable municipal wastes land-filled in million tonnes
1.7 million tonnes (7)
1.25 million tonnes by 2010 (8)
Our climate in Scotland is changing to become wetter and wilder. The changing climate is associated with the emission of greenhouse gases. We need to act to reduce those emissions and to deal with the harmful consequences of climate change such as flooding.
Million tonnes of greenhouse gases carbon equivalent
19.9 million tonnes carbon equivalent (9)
We will make an equitable contribution to the UK Kyoto target
Scotland has a good record on air quality but we can do better. Controlling air pollution is a key sustainable development objective in order to reduce the risks of harm to our health and environment.
Number of Air Quality Management Areas
3 Air Quality Management Areas (10)
1 Air Quality Management Area by 2010 (11)
Sustainable development means managing our impact on the environment. River quality is important because rivers are a major source of water used for drinking and by industry and leisure. Rivers also support a wide variety of wildlife.
Kilometres identified as poor or seriously polluted
1169 km (12)
Current target is to improve 315 km by 2006-07
The biodiversity of the planet is a vital resource for our future. Making Biodiversity Action Plans successful is a key task in protecting biodiversity in Scotland.
Percentages of Biodiversity Action Plan species and habitats which are identified as stable or increasing (13)
Habitats: 44% (14)
No current target - targets to be developed as part of ongoing work.
We need to live within the capacity of the planet to sustain our activities and replenish resources which we use. Sea fisheries is a key area where this applies.
Proportion of fish stocks which are within safe biological limits
No current target - but ambition to ensure that all major species in Scottish waters are within safe biological limits.
Delivering a more sustainable economy requires doing more with less. We are doing a great deal to encourage energy efficiency. An energy use figure is currently not available at Scotland level, so we are using electricity consumed as a proxy measure.
Electricity consumed in gigaWatt hours
32,691 Gig Watt hours
No target - but commitment to reduce the amount of non-renewable energy consumed in Scotland.
Renewable sources of energy can provide the energy we need without using up finite resources. Scotland has a huge potential for renewable energy and the Executive has already published a target for 2010. In addition it will be consulting soon on a further increase in the proportion of our energy which comes from renewable sources.
Percentage of electricity generated from renewable sources
18% by 2010. We will shortly be consulting on setting a more demanding target for 2020.
Road traffic is forecast to rise by 27% by 2021. This increase is unsustainable. People should have much greater access to services and goods without needing to travel. Sustainable communities are ones which are planned with travel minimisation as a goal.
Total vehicle kilometres
43, 208 million vehicle km
To stabilise road traffic to 2001 levels by 2021
Encouraging more freight to be lifted by other routes will help to reduce traffic on our roads.
Freight intensity (relationship between tonne kilometres moved and GDP)
96.5 in 2000 (1995 = 100) (19)
To transfer 21 million lorry miles per year off Scottish roads onto rail and water by March 2003
Cars do not use resources as efficiently as other forms of transport. Encouraging people to travel to work without using their car is a good way to use resources better, as well as cutting pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and congestion on our roads.
Percentage of journeys to work not using car
The Scottish Executive published "Scotland's Transport: Delivering Improvements" on 21 March 2002 setting out its vision for the future of transport in Scotland. We will publish further information on transport indicators and targets later in 2002.
Accessibility to transport is a key issue for social justice, sustainable development and particularly rural Scotland. We need to ensure that more Scottish households are able to choose sustainable forms of transport.
Percentage of Scottish households within 6 minutes walk of a bus service
Making the most of our greatest resource - our people - means giving every child the best possible start in life. Poverty of income and of opportunity in childhood are more likely to lead to poverty of experience as a young person and adult.
Percentage of children living in workless households (Social Justice Milestone 1)
No target - commitment to reduce the proportion of children living in workless households
Preparing for Life
Education and training are central to enabling every child to reach their full potential. We want to see a Scotland in which every young person has the opportunities, skills and support to make a successful transition to working life and active citizenship.
Percentage of 16-19 year olds who are not in education, training or employment
(Social Justice Milestone 7)
Halving the proportion.
Our long term target is to ensure that all 16-19 year olds are in education, training or employment.
Sustainable communities are those where people can afford to keep adequately warm at reasonable cost. We are committed to tackling the energy inefficiency which causes fuel poverty.
Total number of people living in fuel poverty (24)
None by 2016
Part of sustainable development is having regard for others who do not have access to the same level of resources. We are committed to tackling homelessness.
Number of homeless people entitled to permanent accommodation
Of 34100 households assessed as homeless in 1999-
2000, 20400 were entitled to permanent accommodation (25)
All by 2012
Reducing crime is an important element in creating sustainable communities.
Total number of crimes
423,172 crimes in 2000
10% reduction in domestic housebreaking by April 2004. (26) Local targets for other crimes are being set by police forces.
Sustainable communities are ones in which every person both contributes to, and benefits from, the community in which they live. A high level of volunteering is a useful indicator of sustainable communities.
Percentage of people taking part in voluntary activities
(Social Justice Milestone 28)
No target but commitment to increase the number of people from across all communities taking part in voluntary activities
Sustainable development includes a healthy nation in which everyone can live in good health or has access to help if that is not the case.
Life expectancy at birth
Males: 72.6 years
Females: 78.0 years (1997-99)
No current target - An indicator of "expected years of healthy life" is currently being developed. This will take into account the quality of life as well as years of life.