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Public Sector Employment in Scotland

13/01/2006

Figures on those employed in the public sector in Scotland in Quarter 3 of 2005 were published today.

Public and Private Sector Employment in Scotland (Headcount)

  • In quarter 3 (Q3) 2005, there were 577,300 people employed in the public sector and 1,890,700 people employed in the private sector in Scotland.
  • Public sector employment in Scotland consists of Local Government including police and fire and related services (55.6%), NHS (25.7%), Civil Service (9.0%), Public Corporations (5.3%), Non Departmental Public Bodies (2.1%) and Armed Forces (2.2%).
  • Public sector employment has increased by 52,000 (9.9%) since Q3 1999 and by 9,000 (1.6%) since Q3 2004. The largest increase since 1999 was within Local Government (28,000) including education services, social work services and fire and police services.
  • The public sector currently accounts for 23.4% of employment in Scotland which has increased from 22.7% in Q3 1999 and 23.1% in Q3 2004.

Civil Service in Scotland(Full-Time Equivalent - FTE)

  • The total number of full-time equivalent Civil Servants employed in Scotland was 48,900 in Q3 2005. This is an increase of 5.7% since Q3 1999 but a decrease of 2.0% since Q3 2004.
  • In Q3 2005 there was 15,500 permanent staff employed by the Scottish Executive and its associated agencies. This is an increase of 12.0% since Q3 1999 and an increase of 1.5% since Q3 2004.
  • In Q3 2005 there was 31,500 permanent staff employed by other Civil Service Departments and Agencies in Scotland. This is an increase of 1.5% since Q3 1999 but a decrease of 6.6% on Q3 2004.

Non Departmental Public Bodies (NDPBs) and Public Corporations (Full-Time Equivalent - FTE)

  • Changes in the number of staff employed within NDPBs and Public Corporations are caused by changes in the number, scope and classification of NDPBs and Public Corporations as well as increases in staff within organisations.
  • The total number of full-time equivalent staff working in NDPBs and Public Corporations was 40,100 in Q3 2005. This is an increase of 9.7% since Q3 1999 and an increase of 1.5% since Q3 2004.
  • In Q3 2005 there was 28,700 FTE staff employed by Public Corporations. This is an increase of 1.0% since Q3 1999 but a decrease of 3.4% since Q3 2004.
  • In Q3 2005 there was 11,400 FTE staff employed by NDPBs. This is an increase of 40.3% since Q3 1999 and an increase of 16.2% since Q3 2004.

Local Government (Full-Time Equivalent - FTE)

  • Total full-time equivalent employment in Local Government (excluding Police, Fire and related services) was 232,400 in Q3 2005. This figure comprises: 56,500 teachers; 35,400 other education staff; 44,400 social work staff and 96,100 other staff.
  • In Q3 2005 total employment in police and related services was 22,900 and total employment in fire and related services was 5,500.
  • The number of teachers employed within Local Government has increased by 5.5% since Q3 1999 and by 1.8% since Q3 2004.
  • Other Education staff within Local Government has increased by 46.9% since Q3 1999 and by 7.4% since Q3 2004. Other Education staff include other staff within schools such as classroom assistants, music instructors, laboratory assistants, library staff, clerical staff etc.
  • The number of Social Work staff working within Local Government has increased by 21.0% since Q3 1999 and by 0.9% since Q3 2004.
  • The number of police and related services staff has increased by 16.8% since Q3 1999 and by 4.6% since Q3 2004.
  • The number of fire and related services staff has increased by 1.5% since Q3 1999 and by 0.6% since Q3 2004.
  • The number of other Local Government staff has decreased by 0.8% since Q3 1999 and by 0.1% since Q3 2004.

This regular series of quarterly Scottish Public Sector Employment First Releases results from the work of a cross-departmental project, led by ONS, to improve the quality and timeliness of public sector employment statistics. This publication includes the first publication of data for Quarter 3 2005 and also the first publication of a consistent quarterly series from 1999 onwards. Historical data for some areas of public sector employment have been modelled using available data. Some figures from Q1 and Q2 2005 are also revised from previous publications.

An article setting out the full details of the improvements being made to estimates of public sector employment across the UK is accessible on the National Statistics website at the following address:

http://www.statistics.gov.uk/CCI/article.asp?ID=1095

RESULTS FOR QUARTERS PRIOR TO Q1 2005

Public sector data prior to Q1 2005 are based partly on estimates as actual data for all quarters are not available. Estimates prior to Q1 2005 are calculated based on available data for the following areas and time periods:

  • Quarters 2, 3 and 4 of each year for the Civil Service excluding Ministry of Defence
  • Quarters 1, 2 and 4 of each year for the NHS
  • Quarters 1, 3 and 4 of each year for the armed forces
  • All quarters prior to Q4 2004 for NDPB's and Public Corporations

CONCEPTS, SOURCES AND DEFINITIONS

The public sector comprises central government, local government, and public corporations as defined for the UK National Accounts. The Sector Classifications Guide (MA23) provides information on the classification of organisations and institutions in the National Accounts. http://www.statistics.gov.uk/CCI/SearchRes.asp?term=ma23

Central government includes all administrative departments of government and other central agencies and non-departmental public bodies. This sector also includes HM Forces and the NHS.

Data on NHS employment in Scotland for Q1, Q2 and Q3 2005 has been estimated using projections based on previous data. Information Services Division, NHS National Services Scotland, published workforce figures for some of the NHS in Q1 2005 on July 14 2005, however not all groups were covered. At present actual data on total NHS employment is only available in Q3 of each year. Actual data for Q3 2005 will be available in March 2006. More detailed NHS workforce data can be found at: http://www.isdscotland.org/isd/info3.jsp?pParentID=799&pContentID=1346&p_applic=CCC&p_service=Content.show&

According to the National Accounts definition of the public sector General Medical Practitioners (GMP) and General Dental Practitioners (GDP) are not included in the public sector and are therefore not included in the figures in the publication. However data on GMP's and GDP's are available and the table below shows the most recent data available.

Data on GMP's and GDP's as at September 2004

Headcount

Full Time Equivalent

General Medical Practitioners

4269

3935.5

General Dental Practitioners

2161

2161.0

Source: ISD Scotland website

Local government comprises all government units with a local remit. It includes: Education teaching staff and Education other staff; Social Workers; Police and related services; Fire and related services; and other staff. Other staff contains: corporate services; central support; planning and economic development; housing; roads and transport; arts, sports and leisure; libraries, museums and galleries; trading standards; staff of district court; environmental services; and Direct Labour Organisation (DLO) Direct Service Organisation (DSO) staff. Joint Staffing Watch Survey data is collected based on those employed by Local Government organisations. Due to definitional issues, this data may differ from other sources of information for the individual sectors of Local Government. More information on these definitional issues can be found at: http://www.scotland.gov.uk/Publications/2005/03/20889/55029

Public corporations are companies or quasi-corporations controlled by government. Examples include British Nuclear Fuels plc and the BBC. These companies receive more than half their income from sales of goods or services into the market place.

Headcount estimates are based on the number of employees with an employment contract who are being paid by the organisation. Employees can be permanent, on a fixed-term contract or employed on a casual basis. Self-employed, contract workers, and agency workers are excluded.

As well as the headcount estimates, estimates have also been produced for the number of employees on a full-time equivalent (FTE) basis. This is based on converting part-time employees' hours into a full-time employee equivalent, and provides a better indicator of total labour input than a simple headcount.

Tables 4a, 4b, 5a and 5b contain data on Civil Service permanent staff only. The totals for Civil Service in tables 2 and 3 also include casual staff.

The statistics published here are derived from the relevant departments and devolved governments plus comprehensive quarterly surveys of the home Civil Service, Non-Departmental Public Bodies, and Public Corporations, carried out by ONS. The following list shows the data sources used to calculate total public sector employment.

Sources of Public Sector Employment estimates

Central Government

  • Department for Work and Pensions - Direct and Civil Service Statistics, Cabinet Office
  • Department for International Development - Direct and Civil Service Statistics, Cabinet Office
  • HM revenue and Customs - Direct and Civil Service Statistics, Cabinet Office
  • Other Central Government - Civil Service Statistics, Cabinet Office

Local Government

  • Education Teachers - Joint Staffing Watch Survey
  • Education Others - Joint Staffing Watch Survey
  • Police and Related Services - Joint Staffing Watch Survey
  • Fire and Related Services - Joint Staffing Watch Survey
  • Social Work - Joint Staffing Watch Survey
  • Other staff - Joint Staffing Watch Survey

National Health Service

  • Information Services Division, NHS
  • National Services Scotland

HM Forces

  • Ministry of Defence

Public Corporations

  • Office for National Statistics
  • Inter Departmental Business Register

Non-Departmental Public Bodies

  • Office for National Statistics
  • Inter Departmental Business Register

Revisions

Data in this publication are revised where appropriate. These revisions are generally caused by revisions to other sources of data, such as the Labour Force Survey due to new population estimates, and revisions to the projections in health data, as actual data becomes available. However some revisions are unforeseen due to revisions in survey estimates provided to the Office for National Statistics and revisions based on more up to date data. All revisions are highlighted in the data tables.

Future Publications

In future, public sector employment statistics will be published every quarter and the release timetable will be pre-announced in National Statistics Updates. The next quarterly first release will be published on Friday 7 April 2006.

Work is currently ongoing to make this publication a National Statistics publication.

General

Details of the policy governing the release of new data are available from the press office. Also available is a list of the names of those given pre-publication access to the contents of this release.

Further details are available at http://www.scotland.gov.uk/stats/bulletins/00473

This news release provides statistics on those employed in the public sector in Scotland in Quarter 3 of 2005. This covers all of the public sector as defined by UK National Accounts. This release also provides a complete quarterly series from Quarter 1 1999 onwards. The quarterly data in this publication are not seasonally adjusted and therefore comparisons between years should only be made for the same quarter.

This publication is also the first release of Scottish Local Government employment statistics. These were previously published by the Executive in the Joint Staffing Watch Survey. More detailed statistics on Local Government employment are available at www.scotland.gov.uk/jointstaffingwatch or on request.

The statistics in this release are based on administrative records and surveys of individual public sector organisations. These surveys are carried out by the Scottish Executive and the Office for National Statistics (ONS). An estimate of private sector employment is also included in this release. This is derived as the difference between the Labour Force Survey employment estimates for the whole of Scotland (not seasonally adjusted) and the public sector estimates.

ONS will also be publishing quarterly public sector employment statistics for the UK on 13 January 2006. These can be found on the National Statistics website at www.statistics.gov.uk

Any comments on the presentation of these statistics should be sent to

labour-market.statistics@scotland.gsi.gov.uk. Selected individual elements of this series are classified as National Statistics. More information on this can be found in the notes for news editors.